Frédéric Bazille, Self-portrait, 1865–1866, oil on canvas, Art Institute of Chicago
Jean Frédéric Bazille
6 December 1841
|Died||28 November 1870 (aged 28)|
Jean Frédéric Bazille (December 6, 1841 – November 28, 1870) was a French Impressionist painter. Many of Bazille's major works are examples of figure painting in which he placed the subject figure within a landscape painted en plein air.
Life and work
Frédéric Bazille was born in Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, into a wealthy Protestant family. He became interested in painting after seeing some works of Eugène Delacroix. His family agreed to let him study painting, but only if he also studied medicine.
Bazille began studying medicine in 1859, and moved to Paris in 1862 to continue his studies. There he met Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley, was drawn to Impressionist painting, and began taking classes in Charles Gleyre's studio. After failing his medical exam in 1864, he began painting full-time. His close friends included Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, and Édouard Manet. Bazille was generous with his wealth, and helped support his less fortunate associates by giving them space in his studio and materials to use.
Bazille was just twenty-three years old when he painted several of his best-known works, including The Pink Dress (c. 1864, Musée d'Orsay, Paris). This painting combines a portrait-like depiction of Bazille's cousin, Thérèse des Hours, who is seen from behind—and the sunlit landscape at which she gazes. His best-known painting is Family Reunion of 1867–1868 (Musée d'Orsay, Paris).
Frédéric Bazille joined a Zouave regiment in August 1870, a month after the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. On November 28 of that year, he was with his unit at the Battle of Beaune-la-Rolande when, his officer having been injured, he took command and led an assault on the German position. He was hit twice in the failed attack and died on the battlefield at the age of twenty-eight. His father travelled to the battlefield a few days later to take his body back for burial at Montpellier over a week later.
- La robe rose, (1864) – 147 x 110 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Studio on Rue Furstenberg, (1865) – 80 x 65 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
- Aigues-Mortes, (1867) – 46 x 55 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
- Self-portrait, (1865) – 109 x72 cm, Art Institute of Chicago
- Family Reunion, (1867) – 152 x 230 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Le Pécheur à l'épervier, (1868) – 134 x 83 cm, Fondation Rau pour le tiers-monde, Zürich
- View of the Village, (1868) – 130 x 89 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
- Scène d'été, (1869) – 158 x 158 cm, Cambridge, Harvard University
- La Toilette, (1870) – 132 x 127 cm., Musée Fabre, Montpellier
- L'Atelier de la rue Condamine, (1870) – 98 x 128.5 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Paysage au bord du Lez, (1870) – 137.8 x 202.5 cm, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis
The Pink Dress (View of Castelnau-le-Lez, Hérault), 1864, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay
Le Petit Jardinier (The Little Gardener), c. 1866–67, oil on canvas Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Portrait of Renoir, 1867, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay
Portrait of Alphonse Tissie, 1868, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
Portrait of Edmond Maître, 1869
Paysage au bord du Lez, 1870, oil on canvas, Minneapolis Institute of Arts
- Pitman, Dianne W. (1998). Bazille: Purity, Pose and Painting in the 1860s. University Park: Penn State University Press. ISBN 978-0-271-01700-6.
- Rosenblum, Robert (1989). Paintings in the Musée d'Orsay. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang. ISBN 1-55670-099-7
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- Frédéric Bazille at the National Gallery of Art
- Bazille Gallery at MuseumSyndicate
- Impressionism: a centenary exhibition, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Bazille (p. 37–39)