Frédéric Louis Godet
Godet's father, who was a lawyer, died early. His mother, Eusébie née Gallot, a pious, strong and intelligent pastor's daughter, who founded a girls' school, devoted herself to his early training.
He conducted preparatory studies in Neuchâtel, and then studied theology in Berlin and Bonn. There, he came into contact with the leading theologians of the day, like Hengstenberg, Tholuck, Nitzsh, Steffens, Neander and Schleiermacher. Of these, Neander exerted the greatest influence on him. Important spiritual influences came from Otto von Gerlach and Baron von Kottwitz, ensuring an emphasis on piety rather than mere intellectualism. Nikolaus von Zinzendorf and Johannes Gossner also helped him overcome a spiritual crisis and come to a wholehearted commitment and faith in God's grace.
Upon graduation in 1836, he returned to Neuchâtel, where he was ordained to the ministry and became pastor of two small parishes. The next year, however, he returned to Berlin in order to succeed his mother as tutor for the crown prince, Frederick William of Prussia. The prince was a receptive pupil for the clergyman, who taught him fear of God, and Godet remained a close friend of the Emperor to be for the rest of the latter's life.
He retained the position until 1844, when he once again returned to his home town, where he became deacon of the churches of Val-de-Ruz. He devoted himself with great energy to the practical works of the churches, organizing Sabbath schools and other agencies. The same year he married Caroline Vautravers. When he left Berlin, he received a lifetime pension from the Prussian royal family, and was appointed chaplain to the Prussian king in Neuchâtel. In 1850, he was appointed professor of theology at Neuchâtel, having charge of New Testament Criticism and Exegesis, and later also of Old Testament Introduction. From 1851 to 1866 he also held a pastorate, and he tirelessly set up religious agencies and philanthropic associations.
By 1873, the Church of Neuchâtel had lost both its freedom and its orthodoxy, as the state passed a law that made every citizen a member of the church by virtue of his birth, and ministers were declared eligible for office apart from subscription to any creed. In response, Godet became one of the founders of the free Evangelical Church of Neuchâtel, and professor in its theological faculty.
Godet did much to interpret German theological thought to French–speaking Protestants, and the English translations of his works made him influential in international NT scholarship.
He retired in 1887, and was succeeded as professor by his son George. Afterward, he continued to publish. Another son of his, Philippe Godet, became a professor of French literature at University of Neuchâtel.
Godet was the author of some of the most noteworthy commentaries of the time, which have been translated into many languages and are still in print, as well as numerous articles. His Commentary on the Gospel of John, which continues the line of interpretation of Christoph Ernst Luthardt, ranks as the most prominent of his works. Throughout his works, he defends the authenticity and reliability of the New Testament, and particularly the gospels, although he did not commit himself to the plenary inspiration of the Scriptures.
Rejecting the Calvinist position on predestination, Godet has often been appealed to by Arminian theologians. In Christology, he held the modernist kenotic theory of Wolfgang Friedrich Gess, according to which incarnation meant, not the assumption of two distinct states by one subject, but the voluntary reduction of a divine subject to the human state. His work contributed to changing the ways of approaching the kenotic motif among New Testament scholars. Regarding atonement, he affirmed a reconciliation of God to man as well as man to God, but he thought that Christ's sufferings met the divine claims in relation to sin not by satisfying and compensating but by revealing and recognising them, thereby expressing the Moral influence theory of atonement and the Governmental theory of atonement. In his The Six Days of Creation, he argued, following Hugh Miller, for an old earth.
- Commentary on the Gospel of John: with an historical and critical introduction (2 vols., 1863–1865; 3rd ed., 1881–1888; Eng. trans. 1886, &c.)
- A Commentary on the Gospel of St. Luke (2 vols., 1871; 3rd ed., 1888; Eng. trans. 1875, &c.)
- Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans (2 vols., 1879–1880; 2nd ed., 1883–1890; Eng. trans., 1880, &c.)
- Commentary on St. Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (2 vols., 1886–1887; Eng. trans. 1886, &c.).
- Etudes bibliques (2 vols., 1873–1874; 4th ed., 1889; Eng. trans. 1875 f.) (French)
- Introduction au Nouveau Testament (1893 f.; Eng. trans., 1894, &c) (French)
- Lectures in Defence of the Christian Faith (Eng. trans. 4th ed., 1900).
- Gustaf Montan: Frédéric Godet. Hans lif och personlighet Bibelforskaren. Tidskrift för skrifttolkning och praktisk kristendom, 2/1914.
- S.D.F. Salmond: Fréderic Godet The Expositor Third series Vol. 2, Nr 6 (Dec. 1885).
- Jane T. Stoddard: A Swiss Fénelon: Dr. Godet and the Emperor Frederick The Expositor Eight series Vol. 5, Nr 5 (May 1913).
- Godet on John 8:1-11 Scienceontheweb.net 19 February 2009]
- Godet, Frédéric Louis Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 edition.
- Godet, Frédéric Nordisk familjebok, 1908.
- Carl F.H. Henry (Ed.): Contemporary Evangelical Thought
- Steven Kyle Reader: [digital.library.sbts.edu/handle/10392/4965 The Meaning of Foreknowledge in Romans 8:29 and Its Ecclesiastical Implications] Thesis at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, May 2015.
- Donald G. Dawe: The Form of a Servant: A Historical Analysis of the Kenotic Motif p. 24, 134. Eugene, OR, 2011.
- David Fergusson (Ed.): The Blackwell Companion to Nineteenth-Century Theology p. 262f., 269. John Wiley & Sons 2010.
- David Brown: Divine Humanity: Kenosis Explored and Defended p. 69-75. London, 2011.