Fréteval

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Fréteval
Lock on the Loir
Lock on the Loir
Coat of arms of Fréteval
Coat of arms
Fréteval is located in France
Fréteval
Fréteval
Coordinates: 47°53′19″N 1°12′38″E / 47.8886°N 1.2106°E / 47.8886; 1.2106Coordinates: 47°53′19″N 1°12′38″E / 47.8886°N 1.2106°E / 47.8886; 1.2106
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Department Loir-et-Cher
Arrondissement Vendôme
Canton Morée
Intercommunality Haut Vendômois
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bernard Pillefer
Area1 20.49 km2 (7.91 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 1,136
 • Density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 41095 / 41160
Elevation 85–151 m (279–495 ft)
(avg. 90 m or 300 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Fréteval is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department of central France.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 365 —    
1806 378 +3.6%
1821 764 +102.1%
1831 762 −0.3%
1841 900 +18.1%
1851 871 −3.2%
1861 979 +12.4%
1872 973 −0.6%
1881 945 −2.9%
1891 1,012 +7.1%
1901 957 −5.4%
1911 1,002 +4.7%
1921 910 −9.2%
1931 856 −5.9%
1946 828 −3.3%
1962 829 +0.1%
1968 899 +8.4%
1975 909 +1.1%
1982 863 −5.1%
1990 848 −1.7%
1999 897 +5.8%
2008 1,047 +16.7%
2013 1,136 +8.5%

Fréteval forest[edit]

The Fréteval forest is 299 square miles (770 km2) of thick woodland 100 miles (160 km) south of Paris. In World War II it was used to hide Allied airmen who were on the run in a camp with the codename of "Sherwood". The route from Paris involved the evaders getting to train to the town of Châteaudun and then a 10-mile (16 km) hike down country roads. The French Resistance was very strong in this area and the officer in charge was an ex-Comet line veteran, Jean de Blommaert, who was parachuted into France and made his way to Paris to start arrangements for the camp. A British officer, Airey Neave, of MI9, (the British Military Intelligence Section 9), was in overall control of the operation and the first evaders were brought from Paris on 20 May 1944. On 13 August 1944 the Fréteval camp was liberated by the American 3rd Army and 132 Allied airmen were brought to safety.[1]

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