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|His Most Eminent Highness |
Fra' Andrew Bertie
Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta |
Servant of God
78th Prince and Grand Master
|Reign||11 April 1988 – 7 February 2008|
|Predecessor||Fra' Angelo de Mojana, 77th Prince and Grand Master|
|Successor||Fra' Matthew Festing, 79th Prince and Grand Master|
15 May 1929|
London, England, United Kingdom
7 February 2008 (aged 78)|
Rome, Lazio, Italy
16 February 2008|
Church of Santa Maria del Priorato, Aventine Hill, Rome, Italy
|Father||Lt. Cdr. the Hon. James Bertie|
|Mother||Lady Jean Crichton-Stuart|
Fra' Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie (15 May 1929 – 7 February 2008) was the 78th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, serving for nearly 20 years from 1988 until his death in 2008. Bertie was the second Englishman elected Grand Master since 1258.
On 14 August 2012, The Times of Malta reported that "The process for the beatification of the late Grand Master and Prince Fra' Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie is to begin in the coming months".
Bertie was born in London as the elder son of the Hon. James Bertie (youngest son of the 7th Earl of Abingdon) and Lady Jean Crichton-Stuart (daughter of the 4th Marquess of Bute). He was educated at the English Roman Catholic public school, Ampleforth College, and graduated in Modern History from Christ Church, Oxford. He also attended the School of Oriental and African Studies of the University of London. From 1948 to 1950, he carried out military service in the Scots Guards, becoming a commissioned officer in 1949. After a short experience in the commercial sector, he taught modern languages (particularly French and Spanish but also German, Dutch, Tibetan and Maltese) for twenty-three years at Worth School, a Benedictine public school in Sussex, England. He was a judo black belt and taught judo at Worth School.
78th Grand Master, the Order of Malta
He also joined the government of the Order in 1981 as a member of the Sovereign Council, and in April 1988, he was elected the 78th Grand Master. Subsequently, he was Hospitaller of the Sanctuary of Lourdes, which is the annual pilgrimage site of SMOM. He succeeded the late Fra' Angelo de Mojana, the Milanese nobleman who had served the Order as Grand Master since 1962 and accomplished a great deal of modernization to the organization. Although it is considered sovereign, the Order of Malta is also a religious order of the Roman Catholic Church, so Bertie's election needed the ratification of Pope John Paul II, which was obtained on 11 April 1988.
Bertie described the aims of the Order as “to help the poor and the sick; that is and always has been our primary aim”:
- "The other military orders were there to fight the Saracens and to save Spain or the Holy Land or Prussia from the pagans. But we always had this special commitment to the poor and the sick. Our aims today are exactly the same as they were in 1099, the sanctification of our members through service to the sick."
Bertie never married or had children. He died in Rome from cancer on 7 February 2008, aged 78.
|Ancestors of Andrew Bertie|
Titles, styles and honours
Titles and style
His full title was: His Most Eminent Highness Fra' Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie, Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta, Most Humble Guardian of the Poor of Jesus Christ.
Honours and awards
- SMOM: Sovereign Military Order of Malta
- Grand Master (1988)
- Knight of Justice (1981)
- Member (1956)
- Argentina: Collar of the Order of the Liberator San Martín
- Brazil: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the National Order of the Southern Cross
- Chile: Collar of the Order of Merit of Chile
- France: Grand Cross of the Legion d’Honneur
- Germany: Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Holy See: Knight with the Collar of the Order of Pius IX
- Italy: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Lithuania: Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great
- Malta: Honorary Companion of Honour with Collar of the National Order of Merit
- Monaco: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint-Charles
- Morocco: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Throne
- Panama: Gold Collar of the Order of Manuel Amador Guerrero
- Poland: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (10 May 2007)
- Portugal: Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry
- Romania: Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Slovakia : Grand Cross (or 1st Class) of the Order of the White Double Cross (1997)
- Venezuela: Collar of the Order of the Liberator
- Venezuela: Collar of the Order of Andrés Bello
- House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies: Bailiff Grand Cross with Collar of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
- House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Januarius
- House of Habsburg: Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (Austrian Branch)
- House of Karadjordjevic: Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Karageorge
- House of Karadjordjevic: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the White Eagle
- House of Romanov: Knight of the Order of St. Andrew
- House of Romanov: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Anna
- House of Romanov: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Vladimir
- House of Romanov: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky
- House of Romanov: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Stanislaus
- House of Savoy: Knight of the Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
- House of Savoy: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
- House of Savoy: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy
- Path to Peace Award (2005)
- Matteo Ricci Award (2006)
- Honorary citizen of Rapallo (1992), Veroli (1993), Lourdes (1999), Magione (2002), Birgu (2003), and Santa Severina (2003). In Bolivia in 2002 he was created Huesped Ilustre of La Paz, El Alto and Santa Cruz.
- Medicine and surgery, University of Bologna (1992)
- Jurisprudence, University of Malta (1993)
- Humanities, University of Santo Domingo (1995)
- Laws, St. John's University, Minnesota (2003)
References and notes
- By common descent from King George III and his wife Charlotte Sophia.
- "Process for beatification of Grand Master Andrew Bertie initiated". Timesofmalta.com. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
- "Obituaries". Timesonlnie.co.uk. Retrieved 1 January 2017. (subscription required)
- "Pope Mourns Fra Bertie, Grand Master of the Order of Malta". Radio Vaticana. 8 February 2008. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- Ampleforth College obituary Archived 22 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- Lithuanian Presidency Archived 19 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine., Lithuanian Orders searching form
- Slovak republic website, State honours : 1st Class received in 1997 (click on "Holders of the Order of the 1st Class White Double Cross" to see the holders' table)
- Order of Malta site
- The death is announced of HMEH 78th Prince and Grand Master Fra' Andrew Bertie – Website Order of Malta
- Times of Malta: Grandmaster of Knights of Malta dies in Rome
- The Times: Fra' Andrew Bertie obituary
- The Telegraph: Fra' Andrew Bertie obituary
- The Times: The Order of the Knights of Malta let in the daylight
- International Herald Tribune: Knights of Malta Grand Master dies in Rome (Archived: 22 June 2008)
- Njegoskij Fund Network: The Order of Malta into mourning: Fra' Andrew Bertie, in memoriam
|Catholic Church titles|
Angelo de Mojana di Cologna
| Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller