Fragaria orientalis

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Fragaria orientalis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Fragaria
Species:
F. orientalis
Binomial name
Fragaria orientalis

Fragaria orientalis is a diploid species of wild strawberry native to E. Asia – Eastern Siberia. It is occasionally cultivated as a novelty edible. It is called 东方草莓 (dong fang cao mei) in at least part of its native range.

Key features[edit]

Fragaria orientalis is a perennial, averaging 8 in (.2m) tall; it blooms from Apr to May.[1] It vigorously produces runners, like many herbaceous members of Fragariinae.[citation needed]

Distinguishing features[edit]

  • Fruit ripen purple-red with deeply inset ovoid achenes
  • Hemispheric to obviate fruit
  • Leaflets highly variable- 1–5 × 0.8–3.5 cm
  • obovate or rhombic-ovate shape with slightly acute (pointed) tip
  • abaxially pilose (fuzzy on the underside), especially near veins, slightly adaxial (near the stem/major midrib) pilose
  • cuneate central leaflets, lateral (side) leaflets oblique (asymmetric)
  • Flowers bisexual, rarely unisexual, 1–1.5 cm in diameter[2]

Cultivation[edit]

This plant is cultivated as an edible herb, although it is relatively rare in cultivation.[citation needed] Plants for a Future offers a preliminary method of cultivation. Prefers a sunny position with moist, fertile soil for maximum production. However, plants can tolerate partial shade. Fragaria orientalis prefers a mulch of coniferous needles. They can be vigorous, spreading via runners. There is little invasive threat.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Fragaria orientalis is native to China and E Siberia, specifically the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, as well as in Korea, Mongolia, and E Russia.[2] These plants can be found in forests and meadows on mountain slopes, usually in the shade of forest trees at elevations of 600 – 4000 meters.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Fragaria orientalis- Lozinsk". Plants for a Future. Retrieved 2012-12-13.
  2. ^ a b "Flora of China". eFloras.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13.