Fragmenta Bernensia

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The Codex Bernensis known also as Fragmenta Bernensia, designated by t (traditional system) or 19 (in Beuron system), is a 5th or 6th century Latin manuscript of the New Testament. The text, written on vellum, is a version of the old Latin. The manuscript contains the fragments of the Gospel of Mark (1:2-23; 2:22-27; 3:11-18), on only 2 parchment leaves.[1] Written in two columns per page, 23 lines per column. It is a palimpsest.[2][3]

The Latin text of the codex is a representative of the Western text-type in Itala recension.[2]

The text of the codex was edited by Hermann Hagen in 1884.

Currently it is housed at the Burgerbibliothek Bern (Cod. 611) in Bern.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, The Early Versions of the New Testament, Oxford University Press, 1977, p. 300.
  2. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1902). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 2. Leipzig. p. 607. ISBN 1-4021-6347-9.
  3. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Miller, Edward (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, Vol. 2 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 51.
  4. ^ "Burgerbibliothek Bern". Archived from the original on 2016-07-18. Retrieved 2019-12-19.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hermann Hagen, Ein Italafragment aus einem Berner Palimpsest des VI Jahrhunderts ZWT, XXVII (1884), pp. 470–484.
  • A. Jülicher, Itala. Das Neue Testament in Altlateinischer Überlieferung, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York, 1976. (Marcus Evangelium)