Fraijanes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fraijanes
Municipality of Guatemala
Fraijanes is located in Guatemala
Fraijanes
Fraijanes
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 14°28′N 90°26′W / 14.467°N 90.433°W / 14.467; -90.433Coordinates: 14°28′N 90°26′W / 14.467°N 90.433°W / 14.467; -90.433
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Guatemala Department
Area
 • Total 37 sq mi (96 km2)
Elevation 5,200 ft (1,585 m)
Population (2002)
 • Total 32,889
Climate Cwb

Fraijanes is a municipality in the Guatemala department of Guatemala.

It is known for its fine tasting coffee, which is slightly more acidic than that of Antigua Guatemala.

History[edit]

Ruins of a colonial Jesuit hacienda.

Archbishop Pedro Cortés y Larraz wrote in his book Descripción Geográfico-Moral De La Diócesis de Guatemala (Moral and geographic description of Guatemala Diocesis) that, after the Jesuits were expelled from the Spanish colonies in 1767, they left behind a rich hacienda in the area where the modern Fraijanes municipality stands. It was given to two secular priests called Juan Milán and Juan Álvarez.[1] These priests earned the respect and love of the people from the area and, in 1860, the region was renamed "Frailes Juanes" in their honor. Eventually, the name changed into "Fray Juanes" and finally into "Fraijanes".

Jesuit hacienda[edit]

In 1646, Fraijanes had been given to the Society of Jesus to establish a doctrine; there is no religious evidence left in the ruins, making it difficult to assign them to a regular order in particular. The work from Cortés y Larraz shows that the area belonged to Jesuits.[1] Another version suggests that the ruins are from a rich Spanish hacienda and base the assumption on the presence of a tunnel that connects the main residence to a small church.[2]

There are several legends about the ruins. The main one is called «La Cueva del Negro» ("The Black Man Cave") which tells the story of a black slave who escaped and sought refuge in the abandoned hacienda. At first, he survived by harvesting corn and hunting small animals. Eventually, loneliness drove him mad and turned into a terrible cannibal who tormented the nearby settlements until a peasant killed him.[3]

Climate[edit]

Fraijanes has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb).

Climate data for Fraijanes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
24.2
(75.6)
25.8
(78.4)
26.3
(79.3)
25.7
(78.3)
24.1
(75.4)
24.2
(75.6)
24.5
(76.1)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
24.26
(75.67)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
18.3
(64.9)
19.5
(67.1)
20.3
(68.5)
20.3
(68.5)
19.7
(67.5)
19.6
(67.3)
19.7
(67.5)
19.4
(66.9)
19.1
(66.4)
18.2
(64.8)
17.7
(63.9)
19.12
(66.43)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
12.5
(54.5)
13.2
(55.8)
14.3
(57.7)
15.0
(59)
15.3
(59.5)
15.1
(59.2)
14.9
(58.8)
15.0
(59)
14.8
(58.6)
13.5
(56.3)
12.5
(54.5)
14.03
(57.24)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
3
(0.12)
10
(0.39)
30
(1.18)
203
(7.99)
321
(12.64)
245
(9.65)
247
(9.72)
316
(12.44)
180
(7.09)
37
(1.46)
13
(0.51)
1,610
(63.39)
Source: Climate-Data.org[4]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Pavon Prison and other units of the Dirección General del Sistema Penitenciario de Guatemala are in Fraijanes.[5]

Education[edit]

The Lycée Français Jules Verne, an elite French international school, is in Fraijanes.[6]

Geographic location[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cortés y Larraz, Pedro (2001). García, Jesús María; Blasco, Julio Martín, eds. Descripción Geográfico-Moral de la Diócesis de Goathemala. Corpus Hispanorum de Pace. Segunda Serie (in Spanish). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. ISBN 9788400080013. ISSN 0589-8056. 
  2. ^ Ruiz, Viviana (27 November 2011). "Así es Fraijanes, un suspiro de la naturaleza cerca de la ciudad". Prensa Libre. Guatemala. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Tecún Espinoza 2012, p. 57.
  4. ^ "Climate: Fraijanes". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Prisons in Guatemala." Embassy of the United States, Guatemala. Retrieved on March 3, 2016.
  6. ^ "Lieu et accès." Lycée Français Jules Verne. Retrieved on 18 January 2015. "1a Avenida 2-62 Zona1, Aldea Don Justo Km. 18.5 a San Jose Pinula 01062 Fraijanes"
  7. ^ a b "Municipios del departamento de Guatemala". SEGEPLAN (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.