Framée-class destroyer

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Framée class
Pique destroyer-français.jpg
The French destroyer Pique
Class overview
Name: Framée class
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Durandal class
Succeeded by: Rochefortais class
Completed: 4
Lost: 2
Scrapped: 2
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 319 t (314 long tons)
Length: 58.2 m (190 ft 11 in) o/a
Beam: 6.31 m (20 ft 8 in)
Draft: 3.03 m (9 ft 11 in)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 shafts; 2 Triple-expansion steam engines
Speed: 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph)
Range: 2,055 nmi (3,806 km; 2,365 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement: 48
Armament:

The Framée class was a group of four destroyers built for the French Navy at the beginning of the 20th century. One ship was sunk in a collision shortly after completion, but the others served during the First World War. Their naming convention is themed around historical infantry weapons, with the Framée being a type of spear.

Ships[edit]

The first two were built at St Nazaire and the second pair at La Seyne-sur-Mer. Originally built with Masts, those were removed to solve balance issues. The ships were otherwise similar to contemporary ships, with a rounded hull and turtledeck configuration.

Number Name Shipyard Launched In Service End of Service
M4 Framée Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire Nantes October 21, 1899 June 20, 1900 Sunk August 11, 1900
M5 Yatagan Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire Nantes July 20, 1900 October 1900 Sunk November 3, 1916
M6 Pique Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée Le Havre March 31, 1900 June 1901 Struck January 28, 1921
Broken down in 1921 in Toulon
M7 Épée [3] Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée Le Havre July 27, 1900 August 1901 Struck October 1, 1920
Broken down in 1921 in Toulon

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Catastrophe de la Framée
  2. ^ "Major Warships Sunk in World War 1 1916". World War I. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  3. ^ Epée sur site netmarine.net

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M. (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
  • Couhat, Jean Labayle (1974). French Warships of World War I. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0445-5.
  • Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
  • Osborne, Eric W. (2005). Destroyers - An Illustrated History of Their Impact. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-Clio. ISBN 1-85109-479-2.
  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). "Classement par types". Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 2, 1870 - 2006. Toulon: Roche. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.

External links[edit]