|Industry||Motion picture special visual effects|
|Headquarters||United Kingdom, United States, Canada|
|Parent||Cultural Investment Holdings|
Framestore is a British visual effects company based on Chancery Lane in London. Formed in 1986, it acquired (and subsequently merged) the Computer Film Company in 1997. The company works across several different areas of the media: feature films, commercials, music videos, feature animation and digital.
The company's registered office is at 28 Chancery Lane, moved after years at 9 Noel Street, London. The moving happened in March 2018, merging all offices in London (Wells, Noel, Oxford House), to a single seven floor building hosting more than a 1000 employees. - In 2004, the company set up an office in New York City's SoHo district to serve the American advertising market, and has since set up offices in Los Angeles, Chicago and Montreal.
Framestore was founded in 1986 by Sharon Reed, William Sargent, Jonathan Hills, Mike McGee and Alison Turner. Tim Webber joined Framestore in 1988 and led the company's push into digital film and television, developing Framestore’s virtual camera and motion rig systems. In 1992, Mike Milne started the CGI department, adding computer-generated animation to the company’s range of facilities. The company's work covered award-winning images in commercials, music videos, television graphics and television drama. In 1994 its film visual effects division was set up.
Merger with CFC
Framestore acquired the Computer Film Company (CFC) in 1997 which was one of the first digital film special effects companies, developing technology for digital film scanning, compositing, and output. It was founded in London in 1984 by Mike Boudry, Wolfgang Lempp (now CTO at Filmlight) and Neil Harris (Lightworks). CFC's first film was The Fruit Machine, in 1988, which utilised early morphing techniques.
In 2004 Framestore opened their first satellite office in New York City, to focus on advertising. This was followed by another office in Iceland in 2008, which has since been closed and has reopened as a local VFX company, RVX. In 2008, Framestore dropped the CFC from its name, becoming simply Framestore. In 2013 Framestore opened an office in Montreal, followed by another in Los Angeles the same year. In 2014, it launched a production arm.
Acquisition by CIH
Early projects for the company include the delivery of its first feature animation project The Tale of Despereaux with Universal; the completion of Europe's first digital intermediate for the film Chicken Run in 2000; contribution of scenes for the 2009 film Avatar, and the completion as a production project of four British feature films which opened in theatres between during 2009 and 2010.
In November 2016, Framestore agreed to let the Shanghai-based Cultural Investment Holdings Co acquire 75% of it for £112.50 million. At the time, Framestore had its main base in London Soho, and additional offices in New York, Montreal, and Los Angeles, employing around 1,400 staff. It was also working on projects such as Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, Beauty and the Beast, and Paddington 2. In April 2017, Framestore opened a third US location, in Chicago, Illinois.
The company also worked on the 2017 film Darkest Hour directed by Joe Wright, working out of the Montreal facility of Framestore to create historically accurate backdrops for 85 shots in the film, including battle scenes.
In its current incarnation, Framestore delivers images for feature films, television drama, advertising, console and online games, internet and mobile phone applications, and at one point has been Europe's largest post-production house.
CFC has been awarded two Scientific and Technical Academy Awards, and 14 Primetime Emmys. In 2008, Framestore won their first Oscar for Best Visual Effects for the film The Golden Compass; they also won the BAFTA Award for that film the same year. Framestore was also nominated for Oscars in 2007 (Superman Returns), in 2009 (The Dark Knight) and again in 2010 (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1).
Tim Webber was the VFX supervisor on Gravity (2013), and the techniques involved in the film realised by Webber and the Framestore team took three years to complete. The team won the best visual effects awards BAFTA Award for Best Special Visual Effects at the 67th British Academy Film Awards, and the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects award at the 86th Academy Awards.
The company's R&D team spun off to create the technology company Filmlight, which in 2010 received four Scientific Academy Awards.
Advertising and trade characters
Framestore has collaborated with companies and advertising agencies to create trade characters, and also created an attempted photorealistic computer-generated Audrey Hepburn for a Galaxy advert. A combination of elements including body doubles, motion capture, FACS and a lighting program called Arnold were used to mimic the appearance of the actress 20 years after her death. The advert drew press attention both for the cutting edge technology utilized and the ethical implications of using a person's likeness posthumously for commercial purposes. 
- Wonder Woman 1984 (2020)
- Fast & Furious Presents: Hobbs & Shaw (2019)
- Pokemon: Detective Pikachu (2019)
- Avengers: Endgame (2019)
- Dumbo (2019)
- Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019)
- Alita: Battle Angel (2019)
- Mary Poppins Returns (2018)
- Mowgli: Legend of the Jungle (2018)
- Christopher Robin (2018)
- Avengers: Infinity War (2018)
- Paddington 2 (2017)
- Thor: Ragnarok (2017)
- Geostorm (2017)
- Blade Runner 2049 (2017)
- Kingsman: The Golden Circle (2017)
- Alien: Covenant (2017)
- Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017)
- Beauty and the Beast (2017)
- Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (2016)
- Doctor Strange (2016)
- Pan (2015)
- The Martian (2015)
- Everest (2015)
- Avengers: Age Of Ultron (2015)
- Paddington (2014)
- Dracula Untold (2014)
- Guardians of the Galaxy (2014)
- Edge of Tomorrow (2014)
- Gravity (2013)
- Wrath of the Titans (2012)
- Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (2011)
- War Horse (2011)
- Clash of the Titans (2010)
- Harry Brown (2009)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 (2010) and Part 2 (2011)
- Nanny McPhee and the Big Bang (2010)
- Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time (2010)
- Salt (2010)
- Sherlock Holmes (2009)
- Your Highness (2011)
- The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (2010)
- Coca-Cola Siege advertisement (Super Bowl XLV)
- We Steal Secrets: The Story of WikiLeaks (2013)
- The Affair of the Necklace (2001)
- Australia (2008)
- Avatar (2009)
- The Beach (2000)
- Blade II (2002)
- The Bone Collector (1999)
- Bright Young Things (2003)
- Casino Royale (2006)
- Cast Away (2000)
- Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005)
- Chased by Dinosaurs (2002)
- Cheri (2009)
- Chicken Run (2000)
- Children of Men (2006)
- The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian (2008)
- A Close Shave (1995)
- Cold Lazarus (1996)
- Cold Mountain (2003)
- The Constant Gardener (2005)
- The Dark Knight (2008)
- Die Another Day (2002) - title sequence only
- Dinotopia (2002)
- Doctor Who - title sequence only
- Doom (2005)
- The End of the Affair (1999)
- Enduring Love (2004)
- Enemy at the Gates (2001)
- Eyes Wide Shut (1999)
- The 51st State (2001)
- G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra (2009)
- Goal (2006)
- The Golden Compass (2007)
- The Good Thief (2002) & Dirty Pretty Things (2002)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005)
- The Jacket (2005)
- Layer Cake (2004)
- Love Actually (2003)
- Mamma Mia (2008)
- Mission: Impossible 2 (2000)
- The Mummy Returns (2001)
- Nanny McPhee (2004)
- noitulovE (2005)
- Notting Hill (1999)
- Primeval (2007-)
- Prehistoric Park (2006)
- The Proposition (2005)
- Quantum of Solace (2008)
- The Queen (2006)
- Resident Evil (1996)
- Sahara (2005)
- Sea (2007)
- Sexy Beast (2000)
- Skyfall (2012)
- Sleepy Hollow (1999)
- Superman Returns (2006)
- The Ballad of Big Al (2001)
- The Tale of Despereaux (2008) - under Framestore Feature Animation
- Thunderbirds (2004)
- Troy (2004)
- Underdog (2007)
- Underworld (2003)
- V for Vendetta (2005)
- Walking with Beasts (2001)
- Walking with Cavemen (2003)
- Walking with Dinosaurs (1999)
- Walking with Monsters (2005)
- Wanted (2008)
- What Lies Beneath (2000)
- Where the Wild Things Are (2009)
- X-Men: The Last Stand (2006)
- Rickitt, Richard (2000). Special Effects: The History and Technique. London: Virgin Publishing. ISBN 0-8230-7733-0
- Dawtrey, Adam; Dawtrey, Adam (2006-03-13). "Framestore launches prod'n arm". Variety. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- Kollewe, Julia (3 November 2016). "Harry Potter special effects firm looks east with sale to China group". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- Failes, Ian (November 3, 2016). "'Gravity,' 'Dr. Strange' VFX Studio Framestore Bought by Chinese Firm". CartoonBrew. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- O'Brien, Kyle (April 27, 2017). "Framestore opening third US location in Chicago". TheDrum. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Williams, Eliza (February 2, 2018). "Film Week: How Framestore Recreated History in Darkest Hour". Creative Review. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- McLean, Tom (February 20, 2018). "Framestore Celebrates BAFTA VFX win for 'Blade Runner 2049'". AWN. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Harris, Miriam (January 4, 2018). "How Framestore created the 60s-style spaceship in Black Mirror Season 4, Episode 1". Digital Arts Online. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- "Tim Webber: the man who put Sandra Bullock in space". Evening Standard. Retrieved 17 January 2014
- Jackson, Alex. "Gravity's Oscar-Winning Visual Effects Mastermind Talks about Computer Graphics and "Weightlessness"". Nature SoapBox Science. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Walton, Mark (2016-04-28). "From Paintbox to PC: How London became the home of Hollywood VFX". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- "Performance anxiety". The Economist. 2018-07-05. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (2015-04-10). "Bruce Lee, Audrey Hepburn and the ethics of digital necromancy". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- "Coca-Cola - Press Center - Press Kits - "Coke Cheers" And Boys & Girls Clubs Of America". coca-colacompany.com. Retrieved 2 October 2012.