|President of the Popular Republican Union|
March 25, 2007
|Preceded by||None - Party created|
for 19th arrondissement of Paris
14 September 1957 |
|Political party||Popular Republican Union|
|Alma mater||HEC Paris
École nationale d'administration
Business School professor
He was a member of the Rally for France (RPF) and UMP before creating his own political party the Popular Republican Union (Union Populaire Républicaine or UPR). His movement promotes France's unilateral withdrawal from the European Union, the Eurozone and NATO.
He is also known for his troubled relationship with the media, which he has repeatedly accused of "censorship". In his critique he includes French Wikipedia, which has considered him insufficiently noteworthy to justify a page in the encyclopedia. The activism of his supporters to try and increase media coverage of Asselineau and the UPR have been noted by several observers.
Asselineau enrolled in HEC Paris where he graduated with the MSc in Management from the Grande école program in 1980. He enrolled at the École nationale d'administration (ENA) from which he graduated in 1985.
After graduating from HEC Paris and before enrolling at École nationale d'administration (ENA), Asselineau started his career in Japan in the department of economic expansion for National Service Overseas (CSNE). Served in 1985 as inspector General in the inspection générale des Finances.
From 1989 to 1990, he was chief of mission for the National Credit. He was also president of the direction of the Society for Economical and Financial Analysis and Diagnostic (SADEF). In 1991, he became chief of mission of the Asia-Oceania office at the Direction of Foreign Economical Relation (DREE) in the Ministry of Economy and Finance in the Pierre Bérégovoy government.
In June 1995, he was named director of the office of the Ministry of Tourism. In 1996, he moved to the ministry of Foreign Affairs, where he was in charge of economic matters for Asia, Oceania and Latin America until the dissolution of parliament by Jacques Chirac in 1997.
François Asselineau's "souverainiste" platform has two main targets, the European Union, and the United States. He insists that France should leave the Eurozone, the European Union, and NATO. The founding charter of UPR makes the claim that "While it is not the sole cause of all the problems of our country, the creation of the European Union is nevertheless their major cause". According to Asselineau, the UE and NATO "as seen from Washington, [...] are the political and military side of the same coin, that of the enthrallment of the European continent to their 'buffer zone' so as to surround and contain the Russian continental power". Also according to him, the process leading to European unification was launched solely upon orders from the American government, of which Robert Schuman was but a mere underling, a figurehead, and Jean Monnet (a chief architect of European unity) "most probably was an agent of the Central Intelligence Agency".
François Asselineau argues that France should leave the Eurozone because of the poor economic situation of the zone; he claims that "ever since Antiquity all multinational currencies have always failed in the end"; he states that "recovering our sovereignty will enable us - as we will be the masters of our own destiny - to use monetary instruments and customs to increase our competitiveness and relocate production [in France], while simultaneously adapting to the economic situation". Asselineau denies he is a "eurosceptic", preferring to call himself a "euro-atheist". Invited by Russian television networks (Russia Today, ProRussia.tv...), he says he supports Iran in its fight against "euro-atlantism"
Asselineau claims to derive his ideas from the 1944 Conseil national de la Résistance, which he claimed as his source of inspiration for his presidential program in 2012, including "re-nationalisations" and "quality public services". Asselineau does not say what should be done about "the major national issues such as nuclear power in France, the French debt crisis or the decisions to be made about immigration, [which] should be addressed through referenda", "once France has left the European Union".
Rudy Reichstadt, the coordinator of Conspiracy Watch, summed up François Asselineau's ideas as being "utter souverainisme interlaced with anti-US conspiracy theories ("un souverainisme intégral mâtiné de théorie du complot anti-américaine"), and views his strategy as aiming at launching a kind of "take-over bid" on this part of the public enticed by the conspiracist approach of such websites as Réseau Voltaire or Alain Soral's Égalité et Réconciliation; During the UPR summer congress, a member of Réseau Voltaire was invited, as well as Robert Ménard. Jean-Yves Camus, a political scientist, deemed that Asselineau, an "intelligent", "thoroughly respectable fellow", may distract the National Front electorate enough to lure those who are attracted to souverainism and hard right politics.
However, "contrary to political personalities close to the far right, [François Asselineau's] anti-americanism precludes any aspects of islamophobia, racism or anti-Semitism". Nevertheless, in 2010, the far-right activist Serge Ayoub hosted one of Asselineau's conferences, but François Asselineau claims he did not know who Serge Ayoub was.
Asselineau argues that the National Front, if elected, has no real intention of leaving the European Union, despite the fact that this is a major part of their platform. He goes so far as to claim that "the National Front was created by François Mitterrand and Jacques Attali, and financed by the Central Intelligence Agency" and that "the Bush family [...] also supported the National Front's weekly Marianne, which was in charge of promoting Marine Le Pen to ruin UPR's political discourse". He also claims that "the US military, the FBI and John Negroponte are controlling the market research and polling firm Harris Interactive to inflate poll figures in favor of Marine Le Pen in order to discredit all those who oppose the European Union".
In 1999, François Asselineau got involved in politics by becoming a member of the Rally for France (RPF), a party created by Charles Pasqua and Philippe de Villiers. He became a member of the national bureau, director of studies and spokesman of the party until autumn 2005. On July 27, 2000, he became vice-director of the general council of the Hauts-de-Seine. He was in charge of economic and international affairs. On March 19, 2001, he was elected as a member of the council of Paris in the 19e arrondissement de Paris. His list, a right-wing dissident list made with an agreement between Jean Tiberi and Charles Pasqua, was in a triangular against a Rally for the Republic (RPR) list and unified left list composed with Socialist Party (PS). On May 23, 2001, Charles Pasqua nominated François Asselineau as the director of his office of the presidency of the general council of Hauts-de-Seine where he worked until March 30, 2004 when Nicolas Sarkozy took over the position of Charles Pasqua.
On October 20, 2004, Nicolas Sarkozy appointed Asselineau as the director of the general delegation for economic intelligence within the Minister of Economy and Finance. On December 31, 2004, Asselineau decided to join the group Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) at the Council of Paris. On November 3, 2006, he decided to quit the group and seat with the non-inscrits just after Françoise de Panafieu, for whom he worked, was elected president of the council of Paris for the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP).
Creation of the UPR
In November 2006, Asselineau joined the steering committee of Rally for an Independent and Sovereign France (RIF), a party created by Paul-Marie Coûteaux, but left three months later. On March 25, 2007, for the 50th anniversary of the Rome Treaty signature, he created the Popular Republican Union (UPR).
In September 2007, Asselineau participated in a dissident political group named Paris Libre with several other ex-UMP members. The group ran several lists against the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), and Asselineau ran a list in the 17e arrondissement de Paris against Françoise de Panafieu. However, he then backtracked, denouncing consequent pressure on the members of his list.
In January 2011, Asselineau announced his intention to run for the 2012 French presidential election, and confirmed this intention in December 2011 during the national congress of the Popular Republican Union. However, François Asselineau was unable to garner the necessary 500 endorsements from elected polticians necessary to be on the ballot. As such, Asselineau called for a boycott of the presidential election.
Following the Cahuzac affair and the resignation of Jérôme Cahuzac for whom Asselineau had worked as a civil servant in the Ministry of Finance, Asselineau decided to run for the legislative by-election in the Lot-et-Garonne's 3rd constituency with Régis Chamagne. He failed to reach the second round with a score of 189 votes (0.58%).
Asselineau ran for the 2014 European Parliament election as the head of the list for the Île-de-France constituency. His purpose was to introduce UPR's program hoping to bring electors deceived from the current political system to his analysis and gain in notoriety thanks to the media exposure[clarification needed]. Asselineau complained to CSA to not have access to media and claimed that media's principle of equity was to expose parties that are already well-known. He scored 0.56% of votes cast in his constituency.
Relationship with the media and Internet activism
In February 2012, François Asselineau and his party, UPR, claimed they were "barred from the major media" ("barrés des grands médias") and "banned from going on the air" ("interdits d'antenne") as "[their] ideas are upsetting" ("[leur] discours dérange").» In 2014, UPR described itself as being "the most censored party in France".
On 23 April 2014, François Asselineau's party sent a registered letter to Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel (Audiovisual Superior Council) to demand "urgent action regarding the mainstream broadcasting media to have them accept UPR at last in their broadcasts".
The "news blackout" that Asselineau allegedly had to deal with was criticized again after the 2014 European elections, as his party obtained slightly more votes than Nouveau Parti anticapitaliste (0.41% vs 0.39%) without further attracting attention from the mainstream media.
In March 2012, Asselineau complained about the "censorship" he faced on French Wikipedia from which his article had been deleted several times for lack of renown. In February 2013, UPR complained about what it called "the ill treatment of François Asselineau and UPR on Wikipedia", with an extended report on the subject established by the "Groupe Wiki de l’UPR – Cybermilitantisme" (the "UPR Wiki Group- Internet activism").
Indeed, Asselineau and his team are very active on the Internet: UPR claim to have developed "solely on the Internet" ("exclusivement en ligne") and bank above all on this activism to try and become notable. Rudy Reichstadt characterizes UPR as "a real phenomenon on the Internet", noting that it is "difficult to miss it when one is interested in the conspiracist circles" ("difficile de passer à côté lorsqu’on s’intéresse à la mouvance complotiste"). In 2012, UPR created the position of "national manager for Internet activism" ("responsable national au cybermilitantisme"), whose responsibility is to develop and coordinate the various people conducting such activism ("actions cybermilitantes").
However, there has been some backlash to this activism. Laurent de Boissieu mentions the harassment that "every journalist has had to deal with, one day or another, at the hands of some UPR activists", Laurent Ruquier likewise noted that he finally invited François Asselineau to On n'est pas couché because of incessant Twitter pressure. Following this program, LePlusNouvelObs wondered about the relevance of granting speaking time to "this kind of conspiracist", while Causeur suggested that Laurent Ruquier finally invited Asselineau in order to subject his anti-European ideas to ridicule.
- Laure Daussy (24 September 2014). "Mais qui est François Asselineau, le souverainiste sans page Wikipedia ?". Arrêt sur images. Retrieved September 29, 2014..
- Laurent de Boissieu. "Réponse ouverte à François Asselineau". ipolitique.fr. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Robin D'Angelo (20 November 2013). "Sciences-po Aix ouvre son grand amphi au conspirationniste François Asselineau". StreetPress.com. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Législative partielle: la galaxie des micro-partis, Sud-Ouest, 11 June 2013.
- Pothier, Louise; Merlin, Caroline (23 September 2014). "ONPC. En invitant François Asselineau, Laurent Ruquier cède à la pression des complotistes". Le Plus du Nouvel Observateur..
- François Asselineau de l'Union Populaire Républicaine - On n'est pas couché, 20 septembre 2014 on YouTube, at 2 mn 10" (accessed on October 4th, 2014).
- "Cabinet de Gérard Longuet Philippe ANDRES François ASSELINEAU". 16566. Les Échos. 21 January 1994. p. 39. Archived from the original on 6 September 2011.
- François Asselineau fact sheet on the website of the French version of the magazine Slate, retrieved on 12 March 2012
- Asselineau, François (24 March 2012). Les monnaies plurinationales finissent toujours par exploser. Interview with Florentin Piffard. Causeur. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
- Qui est François Asselineau ?, Valeurs actuelles, September 22d, 2014
- Ève Moulinier, Le Dauphiné libéré, 12 February 2012, page 4
- Dupont, Isabelle (29 February 2012). "Un 'petit candidat' contre la grande Europe". Nord Éclair..
- François Asselineau de l'Union Populaire Républicaine - On n'est pas couché, 20 septembre 2014 on YouTube, from 30' 11" till the end (accessed on October 4th, 2014).
- "UPR: Jean Robin vs François Asselineau", on Mediapart - Le club (accessed on September 29th, 2014).
- "Ile-de-France. Paris (75)". Libération. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Le Monde.fr: Archives". Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Ça bouge à l'UMP". leparisien.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Démission remarquée à l'UMP". leparisien.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Laurent de Boissieu. "Rassemblement pour l'indépendance et la souveraineté de la France (RIF)". France-Politique.fr. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- Béatrice Houchard. "Trois recalés de la présidentielle en repêchage à Villeneuve-sur-Lot". Le Figaro. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Marie-Anne GAIRAUD (September 27, 2007). "Bertrand Delanoë bientôt dans les arrondissements...". Le Parisien.
- "24 Heures". Le Parisien. December 22, 2007.
- "XVIIe: un divers droite jette l'éponge". Le Figaro. Agence France-Presse. February 21, 2008.
- Benoît Hasse (February 26, 2008). "Panafieu malmenée dans son fief du XVIIe". Le Parisien.
- Choq FM, "L'autre monde" (The other world), 14 February 2011
- "Asselineau candidat à la présidentielle". leparisien.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Interview of François Asselineau on YouTube (retrieved on October 3d, 2014).
- J.Sch. "Villeneuve-sur-lot. L'UPR entre conquête et résistance". LaDépêche.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Ville de Villeneuve sur Lot - Election législative partielle: les résultats définitifs". Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Asselineau (UPR) à Ermont". leparisien.fr. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Essonne: Les 'petits partis' partent à l’assaut des européennes". Essonne Info - Site d'actualité et d'information en Essonne. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Yann Thompson, Européennes: la galère des petits candidats, France Télévisions, 21 May 2014
- francetv info http://www.francetvinfo.fr/elections/resultats/ile-de-france#type=european&year=2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014. Missing or empty
- Guillaume Champeau (13 March 2012). "François Asselineau retrouve sa page Wikipédia, provisoirement". Numerama. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "Qui est vraiment l'UPR ?". Marianne. 24 June 2014.
- On ne touche pas à l’Europe chez Ruquier…, Causeur, September 22d, 2014
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