François Chabas

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François Joseph Chabas (2 January 1817, Briançon, Hautes-Alpes – 17 May 1882, Versailles) was a French Egyptologist.

Chabas came from a modest background, studied at Chalon and became a wine merchant. Self-taught, he learned Latin, Greek and other languages. Interested in anthropology, he turned to study Old Egyptian languages.[1] Chabas was a member of several learned societies and later president of the Conseil departemental of Saône-et-Loire.[2]

Between 1876 and 1880, Chabas edited the journal L'Égyptologie.[2] His works have contributed much to elucidate the history of the invasion and repulsion of the Hyksos in Egypt.[3][4]

Chabas was elected a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1865.[5]


  • Le plus ancien livre du monde, étude sur le papyrus Prisse, (1858) – The oldest book in the world, a study of the Prisse Papyrus.[6]
  • Mélanges égyptologiques (3 Ser. in 4 Vols. Paris: Châlon, 1862–1873) – Egyptology medley.
  • Voyage d'un Egyptien en Syrie, en Phénicie, en Palestine au quatorzième siècle avant notre ère (Paris 1866) – Voyage of an Egyptian in Syria, Phoenicia, Palestine in the 14th century BC.
  • Les pasteurs en Egypte (Amsterdam 1868) – The pasteurs in Egypt (in reference to the Hyksos).[7]
  • Étude sur l'antiquité historique d'après les sources égyptiennes et les monuments réputés préhistoriques (Amsterdam 1872) – Study of the ancient history according to Egyptian sources and prehistoric monuments.
  • Recherches pour servir à l'histoire de la XIXème dynastie et spécialment à celle des temps de l'Exode (Amsterdam 1873) – Research in regards to the history of the 19th dynasty and especially to that of the time of the Exodus.
  • Recherches sur les poids, mesures et monnaies des anciens Égyptiens, (1876) – Research on the weights, measures and coins of ancient Egypt.[8]