François Chaussier

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François Chaussier
Francois Chaussier.jpg
Born (1746-07-02)July 2, 1746
Died June 19, 1828(1828-06-19) (aged 81)
Nationality France
Fields anatomist

François Chaussier (July 2, 1746 – June 19, 1828) was a French anatomist who was a native of Dijon. His name is associated with the Prix Chaussier (Chaussier Prize).[1]

He studied medicine in Besançon, later returning to Dijon, where he worked as a hospital physician. During this time he performed pioneer research in the field of forensic medicine. In 1780 he became a professor of anatomy.

In 1794 he was summoned to Paris by Antoine-François Fourcroy (1755–1809), being given the responsibility of drafting a report on the establishment of learning institutions of health. This report was presented to the National Convention on November 27, 1794.

Afterwards, Chaussier remained in Paris where he became a professor at the École Polytechnique, and a chief obstetrician at the Paris Maternité, where he was a colleague of Jean-Louis Baudelocque (1745–1810). In 1822 Chaussier was elected as a member of the Académie des sciences.

Chaussier is credited for introducing a procedure for revival of "near-dead" newborns. He also performed a descriptive survey of all muscles in the human body, and developed a new system of designation for muscles. He also conducted early investigations of neuralgia.

Associated eponyms[edit]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Tables synoptiques d'anatomie (Synoptic tables of Anatomy); (1799-1816)
  • Manuel médico-légal des poisons (Handbook of poisons in forensic medicine); (1824)
  • Recueil de mémoires, consultations, et rapports sur divers objets de médecine légale (Collection of memoirs, consultations, and reports on various objects of forensic medicine); (1824)
  • Mémoire médico-légal sur la viabilité de l'enfant naissant (Memoir of forensic medicine on the viability of childbirth); (1826)


  1. ^ [1] Full text of "Les fondations de l'Academie des sciences