Clemmons in 2012
François Scarborough Clemmons
April 23, 1945
|Alma mater||Oberlin College|
Carnegie Mellon University
|Known for||Mister Rogers' Neighborhood|
|Spouse(s)||Carol Clemmons (divorced in 1974)|
François Scarborough Clemmons (born April 23, 1945) is an African-American singer, actor, playwright and university lecturer. He is perhaps best known for his appearances as "Officer Clemmons" on the PBS television series Mister Rogers' Neighborhood from 1968 to 1993.
Early life and education
Clemmons was born in Birmingham, Alabama and raised in Youngstown, Ohio. When it was discovered that he had an excellent singing voice, he began performing locally at church functions. He became choir director of his church at the age of 10. His first songs were the spirituals of pre-Civil War America, passed down to him by his mother. He soon branched out across genres, singing with various community groups. For a while, he was the lead singer of a rock 'n' roll group called the Jokers.
Clemmons received a Bachelor of Music degree from Oberlin College, and a Master of Fine Arts from Carnegie Mellon University. He also received an honorary degree of Doctor of Arts from Middlebury College.
In 1968, Clemmons won the Metropolitan Opera auditions in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He went on to Cleveland, Ohio, where he won a position in the Metropolitan Opera Studio. He sang there professionally for seven seasons, performing over 70 roles with companies including The New York City Opera, Los Angeles Civic Light Opera, and Washington Civic Opera.
Clemmons sang with numerous orchestras, including the Cleveland Orchestra, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, and the Philadelphia Orchestra. In 1973, he won a Grammy Award for a recording of Porgy and Bess; he performed the role of "Sportin' Life" in that musical over 100 times.
Mister Rogers' Neighborhood
For 25 years, Clemmons performed the role of Officer Clemmons, a friendly neighborhood policeman, in the "Neighborhood of Make-Believe" on the children's television show Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. In the neighborhood itself, Clemmons ran a singing and dance studio located in the building diagonally across the street from Mister Rogers' house. He was one of the first African Americans to have a recurring role on a kids' TV series, and his presentation – as both a beloved neighbor to Mister Rogers and as a respected authority figure – has been described as a ground-breaking message in race relations. Clemmons told the story of how he became "Officer Clemmons" on StoryCorps.
The Harlem Spiritual Ensemble
In the late 1980s, Clemmons had an experience singing spirituals with a friend that left him profoundly moved. The experience led him away from operatic performance toward an earlier love: traditional spirituals:
I was enjoying the singing of these spirituals .... I was giving artistry in a way – I was giving my art in a way that I had not felt it was so important as when I was singing Mozart – or when I was singing Schubert – or Donizetti or Bellini .... I began to ask Fred Rogers why there was no professional ensemble that sang spirituals comparable to a Haydn Society or a St. Cecelia Society or a Handel Society or Bach.
From 1997 until his retirement in 2013, Clemmons was the Alexander Twilight Artist in Residence and director of the Martin Luther King Spiritual Choir at Middlebury College in Middlebury, Vermont. He "played the role of professor, choirmaster, resident vocal soloist, advisor, confidant, and community cheerleader". He is also well known in the Middlebury community for his superb rendition of the Star Spangled Banner, which he sings at the Middlebury College men's basketball games.
Writing and arranging
Clemmons actively writes across genres for a variety of age groups. Currently, he is writing his autobiography entitled DivaMan: My Life in Song, a children's story entitled ButterCup and the Majic Cane, and a volume of poetry entitled A Place Of My Own. Some of his published works include a volume of spirituals named Songs for Today and a stage musical called My Name Is Hayes based on the life of Roland Hayes. He also commissioned a choral work composed of spirituals entitled Changed My Name, arranged by Linda Twine.
While attending Oberlin College, Clemmons realized that he was gay, but remained closeted, fearing disapproval from his religious family and the community. In 1968, Fred Rogers told Clemmons that while his sexuality did not matter to him personally, Clemmons could not be "out" and continue appearing on Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, because of the scandal that would arise. In the late 1960s, Rogers and others suggested that Clemmons get married as a way to deal with his sexual orientation, which he did. His marriage to wife Carol did not work out, and Clemmons divorced in 1974 so that he could live openly as a gay man. Rogers remained personally supportive of Clemmons, but required him to avoid any indication of his homosexuality – such as the earring he began to wear as a signifier – on the program.
Clemmons lives and works in Middlebury, Vermont, where he is the Emeritus Artist in Residence of Middlebury College. He is a member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the national fraternity for men in music.
- "The Week in Birmingham History". AL. Retrieved April 17, 2016.
- "Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood". NPR. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- "Personal Histories – François Clemmons (OC 67)". Oberlin College LGBT Community History Project. August 23, 2000. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- "Francois Clemmons". Middlebury. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- Doyle, Heather Beasley (August 1, 2016). "In François Clemmons's unlikely neighborhood". UU World. Unitarian Universalist Association. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
- Warren, Kirk (Winter 1999). "Making Joyful Noise". Oberlin. Oberlin Alumni Magazine. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- "Walking The Beat In Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood, Where A New Day Began Together". NPR. March 11, 2016.
- "Sweet Chariot: the story of the spirituals". spiritualsproject.org. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
- "Harlem Spiritual Ensemble Performing at Civic Center". The Oklahoman. September 23, 1994. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- Lindholm, Karl (April 4, 2013). "Clippings: They peek when François sings" (PDF). Addison County Independent. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- Opacc Software AG. "Songs for today, Francois Clemmons by Musik Hug". musikhug.ch. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
- Long, Michael (March 13, 2015). Peaceful Neighbor: Discovering the Countercultural Mister Rogers. Westminster John Knox Press. pp. 144–150. ISBN 9781611645699. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- Lindholm, Jane (May 9, 2013). "Francois Clemmons Celebrates Retirement". Vermont Public Radio. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- Azzopardi, Chris (June 27, 2018). "Mister Rogers's Gay, Black Friend François Clemmons Wears Tiaras Now". Vanity Fair.
- "Famous Sinfonians". Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia. Retrieved August 1, 2016.