François Joseph de Gratet, vicomte Dubouchage

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François Joseph de Gratet, vicomte du Bouchage (1 April 1749, Grenoble – 12 April 1821), was an artillery general, politician, and French Minister of Marine in 1792 and 1815, and Minister of Foreign Affairs 1792.

Biography[edit]

Born into a noble family of Bugey, established in Dauphiné since the sixteenth century, he was the fourth child of Claude-Francois de Gratet, vicomte du Bouchage, barrister and honorary knight in Parliament of the Dauphiné.

Like his brother Marie-Joseph, he embraced a military career by entering in 1763, at the age of fourteen years, in the artillery of France. Brilliant officer, he was appointed brigadier on 1 November 1784 during the creation of the corps of Colonial Royal Artillery. As a result, he spent in the Navy, he never left.

Two years later, on 1 May 1786, he was Deputy Director at Brest, naval artillery. Became a Director at the beginning of the revolution in 1791; he published a paper on the organization of the Marines which inspired legislators in their decree of June 14, 1792.

Field Marshal and Inspector General of Artillery July 8, 1792, he accepted the portfolio Minister of the Navy after the dismissal of Roland, then as Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Dismissed August 10 as anti-revolutionary. He advised Louis XVI in resistance, the prince chose to retire from the Assembly. He accompanied him there on his arm to the Queen and Madame taking by the hand. On August 13 he left Paris, but he did not emigrate. He was arrested a few days in 1805, on suspicion of having intercourse with London.

Appointed Commander of St. Louis in 1814, he remained inactive during the Hundred Days. Minister of the Navy September 27, 1815, he conceived the idea of establishing a naval school in Angoulême; he restored the Naval establishment of the Invalides. He opposed the order of September 5, and surrendered his portfolio, June 22, 1817. He was made a peer of France.

Political offices
Preceded by
Scipion Victor, marquis de Chambonas
Minister of Foreign Affairs
23 July 1792 – 1 August 1792
Succeeded by
Claude Bigot de Sainte-Croix
Preceded by
Jean de Lacoste
Minister of the Navy and the Colonies
21 July 1792 – 10 August 1792
Succeeded by
Gaspard Monge
Preceded by
François Arnail, comte de Jaucourt
Minister of the Navy and the Colonies
26 September 1815 – 23 June 1817
Succeeded by
Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr