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Françoise Meltzer (born 1947) is a professor of Philosophy of Religion at the University of Chicago Divinity School. She is also the Edward Carson Waller Distinguished Service Professor of the Humanities and Chair of Comparative Literature at the University of Chicago.
Meltzer's scholarship includes work on contemporary critical theory and nineteenth-century French literature. She marshals postmodern critical theories in order to explore literary representations of the subject.
In her book Hot Property: The Stakes and Claims of Literary Originality, she examines the ideas of originality and authorship in a series of case studies from Descartes to Walter Benjamin. In her book on Joan of Arc, she undertakes a study of that figure in relation to subjectivity as it is treated in philosophical and literary theoretical courses.
Meltzer co-edited a Symposium on [God] for the journal Critical Inquiry. With Jas' Elsner, Meltzer co-edited a special issue of Critical Inquiry on theories of saints and sainthood in three monotheistic religions. She is co-editing a book on religion and postmodernist texts, and also working on two monographs; one about 1848 in France, and the concept of rupture from a philosophical, political, and literary point of view; the other about the gendering of subjectivity.
- Ph.D. Comparative Literature, University of California, Berkeley, 1975
- M.A. Comparative Literature, University of California, San Luis Obispo, 1971
- B.A. Universität Freiburg in Breisgau, 1969
- (1987) Salome and the Dance of Writing: Portraits of Diegesis in Literature
- (1988) The Trial(s) of Psychoanalysis, sed.
- (1994) Hot Property: The Stakes and Claims of Literary Originality
- (2001) For Fear, Fire: Joan of Arc and the Limits of Subjectivity
- (2011) Double Vision: Baudelaire's Modernity
- Maler, Sandra (October 28, 2004). "‘French’ becomes a dirty word in US campaign". Daily Times. Retrieved 23 March 2012.