Françoise Tulkens

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Françoise Tulkens
Vice-President of the
European Court of Human Rights
In office
1 February 2011 – 2012
Serving with Sir Nicolas Bratza
President Jean-Paul Costa
Preceded by Christos Rozakis
Judge of the
European Court of Human Rights
in respect of Belgium
In office
Personal details
Born (1942-09-12) 12 September 1942 (age 75)
Brussels, Belgium
Nationality Belgian
Profession Lawyer

Françoise, baroness Tulkens (born 12 September 1942) is a Belgian lawyer and expert in criminal and penal law, and Vice-President of the European Court of Human Rights. She has been a member of the Court since 1998, Section President since 2007 and Vice-President since February 2011.

Early life[edit]

Tulkens was born in Brussels, the capital of Belgium.[1] She studied Law, earning a doctorate in 1965 and practising at the Bar until 1968, when she was appointed Research Fellow with the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research (Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique).[2] She was awarded the agrégation (higher education teaching qualification) in 1976 and the same year took up a post as Professor of Law in the Université catholique de Louvain[2] (French-speaking Catholic University of Louvain at Louvain-la-Neuve), where she remained until her appointment as a permanent judge at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.[1]


Alongside her post at the Université catholique de Louvain, Tulkens was Chairwoman of the Scientific Committee of the European Law-making Research Group (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris) from 1993 to 1998 and editor-in-chief of the journal, Revue internationale de droit pénal, from 1994 to 1998. From 1996 to 1997, she was an Expert for the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture.[1] She has also been a Visiting Professor at the Universities of Geneva, Ottawa, Paris I (Pantheon-Sorbonne) and Rennes.[1][2]

On 1 November 1998, she became a Judge of the European Court of Human Rights in respect of Belgium. She was elected a Section President in 2007 and on 1 February 2011 became one of two Vice-Presidents of the Court, along with the British judge, Sir Nicolas Bratza, and under French President Jean-Paul Costa.[1] She retired from the European Court in September 2012 and was appointed a member of the Human Rights Advisory Panel[3] of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo.

The board of governors of the King Baudouin Foundation is chaired by baroness Françoise Tulkens.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Judges of the Court". European Court of Human Rights. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Honorary Doctorate for Françoise Tulkens". University of Ottawa. 31 January 2003. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "The Human Rights Advisory Panel". UNMIK DPI. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Chair of the Board of Governors | King Baudouin Foundation". Retrieved 2014-01-27. 

External links[edit]