France–Malaysia relations

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France–Malaysia relations
Map indicating locations of France and Malaysia

France

Malaysia
Diplomatic mission
French Embassy, Kuala LumpurMalaysian Embassy, Paris
Envoy
Ambassador Frederic LaplancheAmbassador Azfar Mohamad Mustafar

France–Malaysia relations (French: Relations entre la France et la Malaisie; Malay: Hubungan Malaysia–Perancis; Jawi: هوبوڠن مليسيا–ڤرانچيس) refers to a foreign relations between the two countries, France and Malaysia. France has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur, and Malaysia has an embassy in Paris.

History[edit]

The relations started after the Federation of Malaya achieved independence in 1957, although the first Malayan ambassador to France only arrived in Paris in 1959.[1] During the administration of Jacques Chirac and Mahathir Mohamad, the relations significantly improved especially in economics, politics and culturally aspects.[1]

Economic relations[edit]

Many French companies have started investment in Malaysia mainly in technology sectors.[2] Malaysia is currently considered by France as the second largest economic partner in ASEAN and there are 260 French companies operating, which are ready to support all projects to turn Malaysia into a fully "developed country" by 2020.[3] In 2017, the French embassy seeking to enhance co-operation in education and culture as well sought to establish co-operation with the Malaysian state of Sabah to develop the presence of French companies and having French language taught in more schools in the state.[4] The following year, France also continues to eye investment in the neighbouring Sarawak as several French industries have already establish present in some fields in the state such as in oil and gas, engineering and electricity companies.[5] There is also a Malaysian French Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCIFM).[6]

Education and culture[edit]

Since 1960s, the French government has provided grants and scholarships to Malaysian students to study in France especially on science and technical fields.[1] While in Malaysia, around 100 French students go to Malaysia every year to study.[7]

The Malaysia-France University Centre (MFUC) is a bilateral institution, set on a government to government initiative in 2006. Its primary objective is to reinforce cooperation between France and Malaysia in the Higher Education and Research sectors.In accordance with the Higher Education strategies of the two countries, the MFUC functions as an interface between the two education systems and facilitates the creation of partnerships (joint research, degree transfer, student exchanges or other) from pre-U to Doctorate level.

MFUC is located in Jalan Bukit Bintang, open during weekdays from 9am-6pm.

Alliance Française operates three branches within Malaysia - two in Kuala Lumpur and one in Penang's capital city, George Town.[8][9] The centres offer French language courses and translation services, as well as hosting French cultural activities, such as the annual French Art and Film Festival which is held in major cities nationwide.[10]

In 2018, George Town was twinned with the French city of Arles, which, like the former, is also home to a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[11][12] The partnership between both cities includes programmes and activities aimed at promoting the cities' arts and culture.

Security relations[edit]

France is one of Malaysia's main military partners in the supply of military equipment and defence services.[7][13] Since the 1990s, both countries have striven to consolidate defence relations, and many French military industries have begun to establish co-operation with their Malaysian partners. One example is the French naval shipbuilding company, the DCNS.[1] In 2002, two Malaysian submarines were built in France and Spanish shipyards which were then delivered to Malaysia in 2009 and early 2010.[7] Other French companies have also been actively taking part on the Langkawi International Maritime and Air Show (LIMA) and in DSA exhibitions.[1] Initially, the French-Malaysian defence relationship was based on large military programmes of arms procurement.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Christoph Marcinkowski; Constance Chevallier-Govers; Ruhanas Harun (2011). Malaysia and the European Union: Perspectives for the Twenty-first Century. LIT Verlag Münster. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-3-643-80085-5.
  2. ^ Zuhrin Azam Ahmad (30 July 2013). "Malaysia continues to draw French investors". The Star. Archived from the original on 2 August 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Malaysia, France expand links to new areas". Vietnam Plus. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  4. ^ Chok Sim Yee (17 October 2017). "French embassy seeks bilateral relations with Sabah". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  5. ^ Ronnie Teo (10 July 2018). "France continues to eye investment opportunities in Sarawak". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Home". Malaysian French Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d "Franco Malaysian bilateral relations". Embassy of France in Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  8. ^ "AF Kuala Lumpur". Alliance Française Kuala Lumpur. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Alliance Française de Penang". AF Penang. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  10. ^ Rouwen Lin (12 May 2014). "A French fling at FAFF". The Star. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  11. ^ Intan Amalina Mohd Ali (20 June 2018). "Chow: Penang's partnership with Arles will help us build up our culture". The Star. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  12. ^ "George Town gets link to Vincent van Gogh city". Free Malaysia Today. 2 June 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  13. ^ Nik Imran Abdullah (6 November 2012). "France, Norway offer to sell arms MOVE TO ENHANCE TRADE RELATIONS: Nations keen to provide Malaysia with jet-fighters, copters and missiles". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.

External links[edit]