France 4

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France 4
France 4 2018.svg
CountryFrance
Programming
Language(s)French
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 576i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
OwnerFrance Télévisions
Sister channelsFrance 2
France 3
France 5
History
Launched31 March 2005; 17 years ago (2005-03-31)
Former namesFestival (1996–2005)
Links
Websitewww.france4.fr
Availability
Terrestrial
TNTChannel 14
TNT in Overseas FranceChannel 4 or 5 or 6

France 4 (pronounced [fʁɑ̃s katʁ]) is a French free-to-air television channel owned by France Télévisions, focused on children's programming and sport. The colour of France 4 is purple.

Originally launched as Festival in 1996, the channel took its current name in 2005 when it became a free channel. The channel targets young audience, and children during the day. In 2016, France 4 was refocused on family.

History[edit]

Festival (1996–2005)[edit]

On 24 June 1996, France Télévision established Festival, a satellite channel for the TPS satellite service, which France Télévision co-owned at the time. Festival offered a selection of films and television series, many of them previously seen on France 2, France 3 and Arte.

France 4 (2001–present)[edit]

In 2001, when the French digital terrestrial television system was in its developmental stage, the socialist government of Lionel Jospin asked the president of France Télévisions to consider a bouquet of public channels to be broadcast digitally, so that the public broadcaster could have involvement in this project. France Télévisions proposed the creation of three new channels: "France 1", "France 4" and "France 6", an all-news channel, a channel dedicated to the regions, and a channel featuring repeat broadcasts of France 2 and France 3.

Eventually, France Télévisions would have four digital channels besides France 2 and France 3, with three of them occupying existing channels: France 5 (formerly La Cinq), Arte, and La Chaîne Parlementaire (a legislative channel); France 5 and Arte would switch from a combined service to two separate 24-hour services in the spring of 2005. France Télévisions thus only had space for one more new channel. The group eventually proposes the existing "Festival" to be the "new" channel. On 23 October 2002, the Audiovisual Superior Council authorised Festival to begin broadcasting in digital. France Télévisions planned for Festival to be renamed "France 8" (as it would have been the eighth television network in France) or "France Prime", but opted instead for France 4 after being allocated to channel 14. The newly created France 4 proposed to present a variety of entertainment, sports, fiction, cinema and series.

In July 2009, France 4 began broadcasting in 16:9. On 6 October 2011, France 4 launched its HD feed.

On 19 December 2009, France Télévisions launched Ludo, a new unique children brand, to merge all former blocks Toowam (France 3), Zouzous (France 5, for preschoolers) and KD2A (France 2, the channel ceased to broadcast children shows). Ludo was broadcast on France 3 (focusing on generalist children shows), France 5 (for preschoolers) and France 4 focused on more teenagers programs like 6teen, live-action shows and action shows, and broadcasts at middays and preevenings. Due to bad ratings, Ludo was removed from France 5 and France 4 on 25 June 2011: on France 5, it became Zouzous, and on France 4, the children shows became broadcast without a branded block.

France 4 continued to broadcast cartoons only at mornings, and starting September 2013 until midday. These cartoons continued to target a teenager audience, with action shows (Code Lyoko, Wakfu, DC and Marvel cartoons), and sometimes more adult shows like Mad and Crash Canyon.

Reconversion to a hybrid channel (2014)[edit]

On 31 March 2014, France 4 got a rebrand and started to timeshare most of its daily time with the Ludo and Zouzous blocks for children.

In evenings, it targeted a young adult audience, but in 2016, France 4 was refocused on family.[1]

Closure plan[edit]

In June 2018, a proposal was issued to shut down France 4 as part of planned reforms of France Télévisions, with programming dispersed to France 3, France 5 and online platforms. The proposal was criticised by France's animation industry.[2]

Okoo [fr] was launched on 9 December 2019 as the new child brand of France Télévisions, a programming block broadcast all day on France 4 and as a separate online on-demand service.[3] Programming and content for teens and young adults is instead available through France.tv Slash.

France 4 was originally planned to close on 9 August 2020, one day after the initially planned date for the closing ceremony of the 2020 Summer Olympics.[4] However, in July 2020, just days before its planned closure, the French Government announced that the channel would continue to broadcast for another 12 months, whilst also pushing back the closure of France Ô by a month, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, which delayed the games to July 2021. France 4 carried school programming during the pandemic, which showed the utility of the channel.

From September 2020, the channel moved from being largely a children's entertainment channel, adding more educational programming for children and parents.[5]

In January 2021, a report entitled "mission flash" was submitted to the National Assembly by two deputies in favor of safeguarding France 4, Béatrice Piron (LREM) and Maxime Minot (LR), who were charged with studying the offer for young people on public service television.[1] This report judges that "a channel dedicated to youth is a valuable asset for public television" and takes up all the arguments of those who support the maintenance of France 4.[6]

From 3 May 2021, France 4 starts timesharing with Culturebox [fr], reducing the air time from 5:00am to 8:10pm. On the 18th that same month, French president Émmanuel Macron announced that France 4 will continue airing and won't close down as originally planned.

Audience share[edit]

January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual average
2007 - - - - 0.4% 0.5% 0.5% 0.6% 0.5% 0.4% 0.5% 0.6% 0.4%
2008 0.6% 0.6% 0.7% 0.8% 0.9% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9% 0.9% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% Increase 0.9%
2009 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.1% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.2% 1.2% 1.3% Increase 1.1%
2010 1.4% 1.4% 1.6% 1.7% 1.7% 1.6% 1.5% 1.5% 1.6% 1.7% 1.7% 1.8% Increase 1.6%
2011 1.7% 1.7% 1.8% 1.8% 2.0% 2.1% 2.0% 2.1% 2.0% 1.9% 2.0% 2.3% Increase 2.0%
2012 2.3% 2.2% 2.0% 2.0% 2.3% 2.2% 2.0% 2.2% 2.1% 2.0% 2.0% 1.9% Increase 2.1%
2013 1.7% 1.6% 1.6% 1.7% 2.0% 1.9% 1.8% 1.8% 1.7% 1.9% 1.7% 1.7% Decrease 1.8%
2014 1.7% 1.6% 1.7% 1.5% 1.6% 1.5% 1.6% 2.1% 1.6% 1.5% 1.3% 1.4% Decrease 1.6%
2015 1.5% 1.6% 1.6% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.8% 1.8% 1.8% 1.9% 1.6% 1.9% Increase 1.7%
2016 1.9% 1.9% 1.9% 2.0% 2.0% 1.7% 2.0% 2.1% 1.8% 2.0% 1.8% 1.9% Increase 1.9%
2017 1.9% 1.8% 1.7% 1.7% 1.8% 2.0% 2.1% 1.9% 1.8% 1.7% 1.5% 1.5% Decrease 1.8%
2018 1.7% 1.7% 1.6% 1.6% 1.7% 1.6% 1.6% 1.8% 1.6% 1.6% 1.4% 1.5% Decrease 1.6%
2019 1.7% 1.6% 1.6% 1.6% 1.7% 1.6% 1.6% 1.7% 1.6% 1.7% 1.6% 1.5% 1.6%
2020 1.6% 1.4% 1.3% 1.2% 1,1% 1,1% 1,3% 1,3% 1,1% 1,0% 0,8% 0,9% Decrease 1,2%

Visual identity[edit]

Logos[edit]

Slogans[edit]

  • 1996: "La chaîne des films de prestige"
  • 2005: "Le plaisir avant tout"
  • 2011: "Elle n'a pas fini de vous surprendre"
  • 2011: "Stimulant sans arômes artificiels"
  • October 2012: "L'esprit positif"
  • 2014: "Ça déchaîne"

Culturebox[edit]

Culturebox
Culuturebox logo 2021.svg
CountryFrance
Network
  • France 4
  • (~8 pm – 5 am CET)
Programming
Language(s)French
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 576i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
OwnerFrance Télévisions
Sister channels
History
Launched
  • 20 October 2008; 13 years ago (2008-10-20) (Online)
  • 1 February 2021; 17 months ago (2021-02-01) (Broadcast)
ReplacedFrance Ô (1998–2020)
Links
Websitewww.france.tv/spectacles-et-culture/

Culturebox is an online brand of France Télévisions, focusing on cultural programming, including the arts, documentaries, cinema and music.[7] Since 3 May 2021, it has operated as a programming block, timesharing with France 4, each day from around 8pm until 5am the next day.

Among other things, the channel broadcast both semi-finals of the Eurovision Song Contest 2021 and will do the same in 2022.[8] The average number of viewers of the channel between February and April 2021 has been estimated at 25.6 million a month.[9]

Brand history[edit]

Previous online logo (2018)

Culturebox was initially launched as a website in October 2008 by France 3 as a cultural platform,[10] offering on the internet a selection of subjects broadcast on the channel's national and regional news editions. On 19 June 2013, the website became the cultural platform of the France Télévisions group, changing its content to offering shows (theatre plays & concerts); some of which were broadcast live.[11] In 2016, following the launch of the television channel France Info, a program devoted to cultural news was launched under the name of Culturebox, and presented by Leïla Kaddour-Boudadi [fr].[12]

Broadcast[edit]

France TV announced that the culture strand would be extended to broadcast on France 4, during the COVID-19 pandemic, to "support culture."[13]

On 1 February 2021 at 8:35pm,[14] Culturebox was launched as a separate channel in mainland France taking the EPG position following the closure of France Ô. After this initial run ended, the Minister of Culture announced an extension to the channel's remit in the form of broadcasting during the evenings on France 4.[15][16] Culturebox has been shown each evening, since 3 May 2021.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sitbon, Prescilia (2016-04-19). "Tiphaine DE RAGUENEL (France 4) : "Créer des passerelles entre l'offre de journée et l'offre en soirée est l'une des priorités"". média+ (in French). Retrieved 2021-02-09.
  2. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (2018-06-06). "French Animation Industry Dismayed by Proposed Broadcasting Reforms". Variety. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  3. ^ Nathan Cocquempot (5 December 2019). "Okoo, une plate-forme jeunesse pour remplacer France 4". Le Monde..
  4. ^ "France 4 et France Ô fermeront le 9 août prochain". ozap.com.
  5. ^ "France 4 uses delayed closure to keep commissioning".
  6. ^ "Des députés défendent France 4, pourtant vouée à disparaître". Le Monde.fr (in French). 2021-01-27. Retrieved 2021-02-09.
  7. ^ "French public TV station launches channel to boost struggling culture sector". RFI. 2021-02-02. Archived from the original on 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  8. ^ "FRANCE 2022 : Stéphane Bern et Laurence Boccolini reconduits pour Eurovision France". Eurovision-fr.net (in French). 26 July 2021. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  9. ^ "Pourquoi Culturebox, chaîne éphémère, est prolongée". Le Progrès (in French). 6 May 2021. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  10. ^ Leroy, Guillaume (October 20, 2008). "France 3 lance sa Culturebox sur le Web". Télé 2 semaines.
  11. ^ "Culturebox: la nouvelle plateforme numérique de France Télévisions". LExpress.fr. June 20, 2013.
  12. ^ "vidéo : Bande-annonce Culturebox - franceinfo (2016)". medias.lenodal.com.
  13. ^ "(MàJ) Concernant la diffusion de la chaîne éphémère " Culturebox " en Outre-Mer !". ActuMédias Outre-Mer. Retrieved 2021-01-28..
  14. ^ "La chaîne Culturebox lancée lundi sur le canal 19". ladepeche.fr. Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  15. ^ "Covid-19 : la chaîne Culturebox, créée pour aider la culture, est prolongée jusqu'en août". Franceinfo (in French). 2021-04-17. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  16. ^ "Culturebox : la chaîne éphémère de France Télévisions qui soutient la culture est prolongée". service-public.fr (in French). 2021-04-22. Retrieved 2021-04-28.

External links[edit]