France Bleu

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France Bleu
France Bleu.png
CityParis
Broadcast areaFrance
Slogan"Vu d'ici" ("As seen from here")
FrequencyFM 87.6–107.3 MHz
First air dateSeptember 4, 2000 (2000-09-04)
FormatAdult contemporary, French music, Local news
Language(s)French
Former callsignsRadio Bleue
Locales de Radio France
OwnerRadio France
Sister stationsfranceinfo
France Inter
France Culture
France Musique
Fip
Mouv'
Websitewww.francebleu.fr

France Bleu is a network of local and regional radio stations in France, and a part of the national public broadcasting group Radio France. The network has a public-service mission to serve local audiences, and provides local news and content from each of its forty-four stations.

France Bleu was created in 2000 by a fusion of two older Radio France networks, Les locales de Radio France and Radio Bleue. The flagship station in Paris goes by the name of France Bleu 107.1, while the individual stations are each named for their respective coverage areas, usually a département, région, or city.

Claude Perrier has been director of the France Bleu network since June 2013. His predecessors include Philippe Chaffanjon (2012–13) and Anne Brucy (2010–12).

History[edit]

Disjointed beginnings (1975–2000)[edit]

Les locales de Radio France[edit]

In 1980, Jacqueline Baudrier, Chief Director of Radio France[1] created three new experimental local radio stations. Fréquence Nord, Radio Mayenne and Melun FM were created to cover a region, départment and a town respectively.[2] These stations were in complement to those already existing under the management of FR3 since 1975, following the break-up of the state broadcaster ORTF. Radio France assumed control of all stations in 1982, with the number of stations reaching 40 by the 1990s.[3]

Its programming was essentially local except for music (which usually came from sister station FIP, or national programming by satellite, called Programme Modulation France), combined with news bulletins from France Inter. These stations were individually called Radio France_____ followed by its coverage area, but were grouped under the name Les locales de Radio France.[3]

Radio Bleue[edit]

Similarly in 1980, Baudrier also launched a new network, this time aimed at the over-50 demographic, called Radio Bleue.[4] It started as a morning-only service which used a national mediumwave network, shared with educational programming. By the 1990s it expanded its schedule, broadcasting until the evening. By the late 1990s it had secured three FM frequencies from the radio regulator the CSA in three cities: Paris, Cannes, and Valence.

Plan Bleu (2000–2010)[edit]

In 2000, following a review of all radio services, Radio France director, Jean-Marie Cavada, initiated its Plan Bleu, essentially a vast re-organisation of its radio frequencies. Under the plan the local radio stations (Les locales de Radio France) were to be syndicated with Radio Bleue to form one network – the unified France Bleu officially launched on 4 September 2000 at 5:00am CET. Its network of thirty-eight local radio stations were all renamed "France Bleu ______", followed by its broadcast area, to bring the network closer to the Radio France family of stations. Expanding its coverage, local FM frequencies in small to medium-sized towns were reattributed to France Bleu. Under the same plan frequencies in bigger markets switched to youth network Le Mouv' and FIP stations were drastically cut back to five locations.[5]

News bulletins from France Inter were gradually replaced with its own service, and journalists for the local stations now supply rolling news station France Info with news items, having previously relied on its bigger sister stations for news.

Paris region[edit]

2002 marked the arrival of a dedicated local service for the Paris region, with the launch of La CityRadio de Paris, using the 107.1 frequency from the previous Radio Bleue FM network.[6][7] Conversely the France Bleu network handed over the totality of its mediumwave network to France Info.[8]

In 2005 Radio France chief Jeal-Paul Cluzel wished to create a regional station, finding the CityRadio name too limiting,[9] therefore nearby France Bleu Melun based sixty kilometres away was slated for a merger, signalling closure on 16 December 2005 after more than twenty-five years on-air. The combined stations were re-launched as a single service, France Bleu Île-de-France, on 2 January 2006.[10] The name was changed to France Bleu 107.1 in September 2009.

Expansion and validation (2010–present)[edit]

The value of France Bleu was starting to be more widely recognised. In April 2000, the network achieved its record audience, achieving a 7.5% share and 330,000 new listeners,[11] putting the national listenership at under 4 million. In 2010 at the request of French Prime Minister François Fillon, France Bleu Maine, covering Le Mans and La Sarthe was created on 1 June. Mr Fillon is a native of Le Mans. In 2011 it was confirmed that local public radio is to appear in Toulouse.[12] France Bleu Toulouse launched on 23 February [13] and marks a return of local public radio to the city after a 14-year absence. Its previous outlet, Radio France Toulouse was closed in order to make way for national youth station Le Mouv'.[14] Le Mouv' has since relocated to Paris.[15] A 44th station is born on September 2013 : France Bleu Saint-Etienne Loire. Based on Saint-Etienne, the local radio is covering the city of Saint-Etienne, Roanne and a part of La Loire.

Slogans[edit]

  • 1991–2000: Les locales
  • 2000–2002: Toutes les FranceS sont sur France Bleu
  • 2002–2005: La vie tout en bleu
  • 2005–2008: Vivre en bleu, c'est mieux
  • Since August 2008: Vu d'ici

Regional stations and their main frequencies[edit]

Station coverage around France.
Logo Name of the station Frequencies RDS name
France Bleu Alsace BAS-RHIN (67) :

Strasbourg - 101.4

Niederbronn-les-Bains - 99.8

Plaine-Cote - 103.1

Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines - 106.6

Sarre-Union - 107.0

Wissembourg - 94.6

HAUT-RHIN (68) :

Saint-Amarin - 101.5

Munster - 104.9

Oderen - 98.5

Mulhouse - 102.6

Masevaux - 101.5

Lapoutroie - 101.5

BLEUALSA
France Bleu Armorique CÔTES D'ARMOR (22) :

Quintin - 102.7

Pleneuf-Val-André - 105.0

Chatelaudren - 93.3

Saint-Brieuc - 104.5

ILLE-ET-VILAINE (35) :

Rennes - 103.1

Vitré - 101.6

Redon - 87.9

Fougères - 100.2

MORBIHAN (56) :

Josselin - 106.1

La Roche Bernard - 96.2

Rohan - 106.4

Vannes - 101.3

BLEUARMO
France Bleu Auxerre YONNE (89) :

Auxerre - 101.3 et 103.5

Sens - 100.5

Ancy le Franc - 92.5

Tonnerre - 103.5

NIÈVRE (58) :

Nevers - 104.0

BLEU_AUX
France Bleu Azur ALPES MARITIMES (06) :

Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat - 94.4

Nice - 103.8

Menton - 94.8

Utelle - 106.0

Contes - 94.4

VAR (83) :

Saint-Raphaël - 100.7

BLEUAZUR
France Bleu Béarn Pau 102.5 BLEU.BEA
France Bleu Belfort-Montbéliard Belfort 106.8
Montbéliard 94.6
BLEUBELF
France Bleu Berry Bourges et le Cher 103.2
Argenton-sur-Creuse 93,5

Issoudun 89,3

Châteauroux 95,2

BLEU.BER
France Bleu Besançon Besançon 102.8 ou 101.4
Vesoul 94.4
Lons-le-Saunier 103.0
Morteau 103.9
Pontarlier 97.2
Ornans 90.3
Saint-Hippolyte 87.6 [16]
BLEUBESA
France Bleu Bourgogne Nuits-Saint-Georges 103.7
Chalon-sur-Saône 103.1
Troyes Les Riceys 87.8
BLEUBOUR
France Bleu Breizh Izel Fréq. Générale 93.0
Quimper 98.6
Brest 99.3
Lorient 90.4
Guingamp 101.4
BLEU-BZH
France Bleu Champagne-Ardenne Reims 95.1 BLEUCHAM
France Bleu Cotentin Digosville 100.7 BLEU.COT
France Bleu Creuse Guéret 94.3

Aubusson 92.4

Auzances 94.8

BLEU.CRE
France Bleu Drôme Ardèche Annonay 87.7
Valence 87.9
Montélimar 100.9
Pierrelatte 103.8
BLEUDROM
France Bleu Elsass Diffusée seulement sur l'Internet.
France Bleu Gard Lozère Nîmes 90.2 BLEUGARD
France Bleu Gascogne Ascain 100.5 BLEUGASC
France Bleu Gironde Bordeaux 100.1 BLEU.GIR
France Bleu Hérault Montpellier 101.1 BLEU.HER
France Bleu Isère Doizieux 101.8 BLEU.ISE
France Bleu La Rochelle La Rochelle 98.2
Fréq. générale 103.9
Royan 103.6
Saintes 103.9
Angoulême 101.5
BLEU.LR.
France Bleu Limousin Limoges 103.5

Nord Haute-Vienne 92.5

BLEU.LIM
France Bleu Loire Océan Nantes 101.8
Fréq. générale 101.8
Saint-Nazaire/La Baule 88.1
Châteaubriant 98.6
La Roche-sur-Yon 93.2
Les Sables-d'Olonne 99.9
Mareuil/Luçon 101.5
Saint-Gilles-Croix-de-Vie 96.9

Angers 88.5

BLEU.L.O
France Bleu Lorraine Nord Metz 98.5
Forbach 98.8
Thionville 101.5
Sarreguemines 104.0
BLEULORN
France Bleu Maine Le Mans 96.0
Fréq. générale 96.0
La Flèche 91.7
Sablé-sur-Sarthe 105.7
BLEUMAIN
France Bleu Mayenne Sainte-Gemmes-le-Robert 96.6 BLEU.MAY
France Bleu Nord Valenciennes - 87.7
Lille - 87.8 et 94.7
Maubeuge - 88.1
Dunkerque - 92.6
Boulogne-sur-Mer - 95.5
Etaples - 97.8
Calais - 106.2
BLEUNORD
France Bleu Normandie (Calvados - Orne) Le Plessis-Grimoult 102.6 BLEU.B.N
France Bleu Normandie (Seine-Maritime - Eure) Rouen 100.1

Le Havre 95.1

BLEU.H.N
France Bleu Occitanie Toulouse 90.5
Montauban 97.2
Albi 103.7
Agen 99.4
Rodez 106.2
Auch 96.7
Cahors 97.3
Pamiers 100.7
Villefranche-de-Rouergue 96.2
Saint-Gaudens 96.4
Figeac 90.0
BLEU.OC
France Bleu Orléans Orléans 100.9 BLEU.ORL
France Bleu Paris Paris 107.1
Melun & Provins 92.7
Fontainebleau 103.3
Nemours 101.4
BLEU
France Bleu Pays Basque Ascain 101.3 BLEUBASQ
France Bleu Pays d'Auvergne Clermont-Ferrand 102.5 et 102.0
Ambert 99.5
Aurillac 100.2
Moulins 99.9
Montluçon 96.7
Saint-Flour 100.1
BLEU.AUV
France Bleu Pays de Savoie

SAVOIE (73) :

Chambéry 103.9
Lescheraines 88.8
Montmélian 103.9
Albertville 103.9
Saint Jean de Maurienne 103.6
Modane 103.6
Bonneval-sur-Arc 103.9
Val-d'Isère 103.9

HAUTE-SAVOIE (74) :

Annecy 95.2
Gex (Lake Geneva) 106.1
Chatel 93.8
La Forclaz 106.7
Cluses 107.3
Combloux 105.9
Morzine 103.6
Saint-Gervais-les-Bains 103.9
Megève 106.4
Chamonix 100.5
BLEU.SAV
France Bleu Périgord Audrix 99.0
Périgueux 99.3
Limoges - Nord Dordogne 91.7
BLEUPERI
France Bleu Picardie OISE (60) :

Noyon - 94.4

Beauvais - 106.8

SOMME (80) :

Montdidier - 93.2

Gamaches - 103.3

Amiens - 100.2

Poix-de-Picardie - 101.8

Doullens - 88.1

Sailly-Saillisel - 102.8

Abbeville - 100.6

BLEU.PIC
France Bleu Poitou Fréq. générale 106.4
Poitiers 87.6
Niort 101.0
Châtellerault 103.3
BLEUPOIT
France Bleu Provence Marseille 103.6
Toulon 102.9
BLEUPROV
France Bleu RCFM Bastia 101.7
Ajaccio 97.0 / 100.5
BLEURCFM
France Bleu Roussillon Sorède 101.6 BLEUROUS
France Bleu Saint-Étienne Loire Saint-Étienne 97.1
Roanne 100.2
Le Puy-en-Velay 101.1
BLEUSTET
France Bleu Sud Lorraine Nancy 100.5
Épinal 100.0
BLEUSLOR
France Bleu Touraine Tours 105.0 BLEUTOUR
France Bleu Vaucluse Grand Avignon 98.8
Vaucluse 100.4
Sud Luberon 88.6
BLEUVAUC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ FIP Blog, retrieved 26-02-2011 Archived January 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Franceinfo - Actualités en temps réel et info en direct". Francetvinfo.fr. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "SchooP - La mémoire de la FM > Histoire des radios". Schoop.fr. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ "SchooP - La mémoire de la FM > Histoire des radios". Schoop.fr. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  5. ^ RadioActu, published 20 October 2000 Archived July 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "SchooP - La mémoire de la FM > Histoire des radios". Schoop.fr. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  7. ^ Guy Banville (2 September 2008). "CityRadio de Paris". YouTube. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  8. ^ "FM Scan website, retrieved 26-02-2011". Fmscan.org. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  9. ^ "RadioActu, published 8 September 2005". Radioactu.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  10. ^ "L'île de france a". Irma.asso.fr. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  11. ^ "RadioActu, published 15 April 2010". Radioactu.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Le Parisien, reported 29 November 2009". Leparisien.fr. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-02-26. Retrieved 2011-02-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2011-02-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Le Mouv déménage à Paris, Nouvel Observateur, published 6 June 2010 Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Les fréquences de la radio FRANCE BLEU BESANCON dans toute la France". Frequence-radio.org. Retrieved 16 March 2019.

External links[edit]