France at the Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
France at the
Olympics
Flag of France.svg
IOC codeFRA
NOCFrench National Olympic and Sports Committee
Websitewww.franceolympique.com (in French)
Medals
Ranked 6th
Gold
258
Silver
289
Bronze
327
Total
874
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
1906 Intercalated Games

The modern Olympic Games were founded by French historian Pierre de Coubertin, and France has competed in each edition (both Summer and Winter), with the possible exception of the 1904 Games (as sources disagree about whether athlete Albert Corey competed for the United States or France.[1][2])

French athletes have won 750 medals at the Summer Olympic Games in a wide variety of sports, achieving particular success in fencing and cycling. France has won an additional 124 medals at the Winter Olympic Games, mostly in alpine skiing.

Hosted Games[edit]

France has hosted the Games on five occasions and is planning to host the sixth.

Games Host city Dates Nations Participants Events
1900 Summer Olympics Paris 14 May – 28 October 24 997 95
1924 Winter Olympics Chamonix 25 January – 4 February 16 258 16
1924 Summer Olympics Paris 4 May – 27 July 44 3,089 126
1968 Winter Olympics Grenoble 6 – 18 February 37 1,158 35
1992 Winter Olympics Albertville 8 – 23 February 64 1,801 57
2024 Summer Olympics Paris 26 July-11 August TBA 10 500 329

Medal tables[edit]

*Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.
Number of medals won by France at the Olympic summer games from 1896 to 2012.
Number of medals won by France at the Olympic winter games from 1924 to 2014.

Medals by summer sport[edit]

  Leading in that sport
SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Fencing444336123
Cycling41272593
Judo16132857
Athletics14273071
Equestrian14131138
Sailing13131844
Shooting10141034
Weightlifting93315
Swimming8161943
Rowing8151336
Canoeing891936
Archery611724
Boxing691025
Tennis56819
Wrestling441018
Handball4217
Gymnastics310922
Croquet3227
Rugby1304
Football1102
Water polo1034
Karate1001
Volleyball1001
Water motorsports1001
Basketball0415
Taekwondo0358
Modern pentathlon0123
Table tennis0112
Basque pelota0101
Cricket0101
Diving0101
Tug of war0101
Artistic swimming0011
Marathon swimming0011
Triathlon0011
Totals (35 sports)222254274750
Top 3 in summer sports
Sport Medals to lead
Gold Silver Bronze
Cycling -8 -11 -13
Handball 0 -1 0
Croquet 0 0 0
Basque pelota 1 0 0
Cricket 1 0 0
Rugby union 1 0 0
Water motorsports 1 0 0
Fencing 5 3 0
Judo 32 8 0
Equestrian 14 1 3
Tennis 16 0 4

Medals by winter sport[edit]

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Alpine skiing15161748
Biathlon951226
Snowboarding44412
Freestyle skiing35614
Figure skating33713
Nordic combined2114
Cross country skiing0134
Bobsleigh0011
Curling0011
Ski jumping0011
Totals (10 sports)363553124
Top 3 in winter sports
Sport Medals to lead
Gold Silver Bronze
Snowboarding 10 3 6

Summary by sport[edit]

Aquatics[edit]

Swimming[edit]

France first competed in swimming at the Paris 1900 Games, with 47 swimmers taking one gold medal (and five total medals).

Games Swimmers Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 47 7/7 1 2 2 5
Total 8 15 20 43

Archery[edit]

France competed in archery in its first Olympic appearance in Paris 1900. The French team there took 13 of the 20 medals, including gold in 4 of the 7 events.

Games Archers Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 129 7/7 4 5 4 13
Total 6 11 7 24

Athletics[edit]

France first competed in athletics at the inaugural 1896 Games, winning a silver and a bronze. The nation's first gold medal in the sport is a disputed one; Michel Théato was Luxembourgish but living in Paris; his win in the 1900 marathon is credited to France by the International Olympic Committee, which rejected a petition by Luxembourg to change the Olympic record of Théato's nationality.[3]

Games Athletes Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1896 Athens 5 9/12 0 1 1 2
1900 Paris 23 18/23 1 4 2 7
Total 14 27 29 70

Basque pelota[edit]

France is credited with a silver medal in the only appearance of basque pelota as a medal sport at the Olympics in 1900, though the French team (one of only two teams to enter) withdrew shortly before the competition started.[4][5]

Games Players Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 2 1/1 0 1 0 1
Total 0 1 0 1

Cricket[edit]

France is one of two nations to have competed in the only Olympic cricket competition, in 1900. The French team lost to a British team, taking second place.

Games Players Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 12 1/1 0 1 0 1
Total 0 1 0 1

Croquet[edit]

France was the only nation to compete in the only Olympic croquet competitions, in 1900.

Games Players Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 10 3/3 3 2 2 7
Total 3 2 2 7

Cycling[edit]

France first competed in cycling in 1896, winning four of the six cycling events—all of the events which France contested. France has won more gold medals (41) and total medals (91) in the sport than any other nation.

Games Cyclists Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1896 Athens 2 4/6 4 1 1 6
Total 41 27 23 91

Equestrian[edit]

France has won the third-most gold medals and fourth-most total medals in equestrian sports. The nation hosted the first equestrian events in Paris 1900, winning gold medals in two of the five events.

Games Riders Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 39 5/5 2 2 4 8
Total 14 13 10 37

Fencing[edit]

France has won the second-most gold medals and second-most total medals in fencing, in each case behind Italy.

Games Fencers Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1896 Athens 4 2/3 1 2 0 3
1900 Paris 211 7/7 5 5 5 15
Total 42 41 35 118

Football[edit]

France competed in the first men's Olympic football "tournament," winning one match and losing another to earn a second place finish currently recognized as a silver medal performance. The nation was a frequent competitor from then through 1996, peaking with a gold medal win in 1984. France did not qualify for the men's tournament from 2000 to 2016, but has qualified for the 2020 Games.

France did not qualify for the first four women's tournaments from 1996 to 2008. The French women debuted in 2012, placing 4th, and followed that with a 5th-place finish in 2016.

Games Players Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 13 1/1 0 1 0 1
Total 1 1 0 2

Golf[edit]

France competed in the first Olympic golf tournaments in 1900, which the nation hosted. The French golfers' best results that year were 4th place for the women and 10th place for the men. France did not compete in the 1904 golf tournaments. When the sport returned to the Olympics in 2016, France had two men and two women compete; the best result was Grégory Bourdy's 21st-place finish.

Games Fencers Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 7 2/2 0 0 0 0
2016 Rio de Janeiro 4 2/2 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0

Gymnastics[edit]

France had one gymnast participate in one event in the inaugural 1896 Games. The nation's first medals in the sport came when Paris hosted the Games in 1900; the only event on the schedule was the men's individual all-around, in which France swept the top 18 places (having 108 of the 135 competing gymnasts).

Games Gymnasts Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1896 Athens 1 1/8 0 0 0 0
1900 Paris 108 1/1 1 1 1 3
Total 3 10 9 22

Polo[edit]

France competed at two of the five editions of Olympic polo tournaments, both occasions when Paris hosted the Games in 1900 and 1924. The nation is formally credited with no medals, though French players competed on a mixed team in 1900 (along with a British player) that took bronze. France had a fully-French team as well in 1900, which took fifth place. Both the all-French and the mixed team went 0–1 (losing to the same team), with the mixed team placed higher due to a bye. The French team in 1924 went 0–4 in the round-robin tournament. Thus, the overall Olympic record of teams with French polo players is 0–6.

Games Players Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 7 1/1 0 0 0 0[6]
1924 Paris 5 1/1 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0[6]

Rowing[edit]

France hosted the inaugural Olympic rowing contests in Paris 1900. France won 2 of the 5 gold medals, and a French boy served as cox in the final for the otherwise Dutch team that won the coxed pair.

Games Rowers Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 47 4/4 2 3 1 6[7]
Total 8 15 14 37

Rugby[edit]

France hosted the inaugural Olympic rugby union contest in 1900, winning the gold medal over Germany and Great Britain. France did not play in 1908, but returned in 1920 (losing the single match to the United States) and 1924 (beating Romania but losing again to the United States).

With the return of rugby, in the form of rugby sevens, in 2016, France competed again. France had both men's and women's teams in 2016; both advanced out of pool play to the quarterfinals but were defeated there.

Games Players Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 17 1/1 1 0 0 1
1920 Antwerp 15 1/1 0 1 0 1
1924 Paris 30 1/1 0 1 0 1
2016 Rio de Janeiro 25 2/2 0 0 0 0
Total 1 2 0 3

Sailing[edit]

France hosted the first Olympic sailing competitions in 1900, earning 24 total medals in the 13 events, including 5 golds.

Games Sailor Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1896 Event Cancelled
1900 Unknown 13 5 9 10 24
1904 Not on program
1908 Unknown 5 0 0 1 1
1912 Unknown 4 1 0 0 1
1920 Unknown 14 0 1 0 1
1924 Unknown 3 0 0 1 1
1928 Unknown 3 1 0 0 1
1932 Unknown 3 1 0 0 1
1936 Unknown 4 0
1948 Unknown 5 0
1952 Unknown 5 0
1956 Unknown 5 0
1960 Unknown 5 0
1964 Unknown 5 0
1968 Unknown 5 0
1972 Unknown 6 1 1 0 2
1984 Unknown 7 0 0 1 1
1988 Unknown 8 2 0 0 2
1992 Unknown 10 2 0 0 2
1996 Unknown 11 0
2000 Unknown 11 0
2004 Unknown 11 1 0 1 2
2008 Unknown 11 0 1 2 3
2012 London Unknown 10 0 0 1 1
2016 Rio Unknown 10 1 0 2 3
2020 Tokoyo Unknown 10 0 2 1 3
Total 15 14 20 49

Shooting[edit]

France competed in shooting at the inaugural 1896 Games, with one shooter in one event, winning no medals. The nation's first medals came when France hosted the Games in 1900, with 3 golds and 10 total medals that year.

Games Shooters Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1896 Athens 1 1/5 0 0 0 0
1900 Paris 37 9/9 3 4 3 10
Total 9 14 10 33

Tennis[edit]

France first competed in tennis at the inaugural 1896 Games, with one player competing in men's singles and losing in the first round.

Games Athletes Events Gold Silver Bronze Total
1896 Athens 1 1/2 0 0 0 0
1900 Paris 14 4/4 0 1 1 2[8]
Total 5 6 8 19

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St. Louis 1904 Summer Olympics - Athletes, Medals & Results". 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Olympic Games | History, Locations, & Winners".
  3. ^ "Michel THEATO (1878-1919)". pierrelagrue-jo.com. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  4. ^ 1900 basque pelota results from olympic.org
  5. ^ "Two-Man Teams With Cesta, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  6. ^ a b Does not include a bronze medal by a mixed team that included French players.
  7. ^ Does not include a gold medal as part of a mixed team in 1900.
  8. ^ Does not include a silver medal earned as part of a mixed team in tennis in 1900

External links[edit]