Frances Browne

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Frances Browne
Frances Browne 7.jpg
Born(1816-01-16)16 January 1816
Stranorlar, County Donegal, Ireland
Died21 August 1879(1879-08-21) (aged 63)
Richmond, Surrey, England

Frances Browne (16 January 1816 – 21 August 1879) was an Irish poet and novelist, best remembered for her collection of short stories for children: Granny's Wonderful Chair.

Early life[edit]

She was born at Stranorlar, in County Donegal, Ireland, the seventh child in a family of twelve children. She was blind as a consequence of an attack of smallpox when she was 18 months old. In her writings, she recounts how she learned by heart the lessons which her brothers and sisters said aloud every evening, and how she bribed them to read to her by doing their chores. She then worked hard at memorising all that she had heard.

She composed her first poem, a version of "The Lord's Prayer", when she was seven years of age.[1]

First publications[edit]

In 1841, Browne's first poems were published in the Irish Penny Journal and in the London Athenauem. One of those included in the Irish Penny Journal was the lyric, "Songs of Our Land", which can be found in many anthologies of Irish patriotic verse.[2] She published a complete volume of poems in 1844, and a second volume in 1847. The provincial newspapers, especially the Belfast-based Northern Whig, reprinted many of her poems and she became widely known as 'The Blind Poetess of Ulster'.

In 1845 she made her first contribution to the popular magazine Chambers's Journal, for which she wrote for the next 25 years. The first short story of hers published in the Journal was entitled "The Lost New Year's Gift", which appeared in March 1845. It tells the tragic tale of a poor dressmaker in London, and displays Frances Browne's abilities as a storyteller.[1]

She also contributed many short stories to magazines that had a largely female readership. For example, in the 1850s a number to the "Ladies' Companion", a magazine read by many well-to-do women of the Victorian era. Stories she contributed to the magazine included the amusing "Mrs Sloper's Swan" and an eerie tale set in Co. Fermanagh, called "The Botheration of Ballymore."

Emigration to Edinburgh[edit]

In 1847, she left Donegal for Edinburgh with one of her sisters as her reader and amanuensis. She quickly established herself in literary circles, and wrote essays, reviews, stories, and poems, in spite of health problems. In 1852, she moved to London, where she wrote her first novel, My Share of the World (1861). Her best known work, Granny's Wonderful Chair, was published in 1856, remains in print to this day, and has been translated into several languages. It is a richly imaginative collection of fairy stories. It was also in 1856 that her third volume of poetry appeared – Pictures and Songs of Home. This was directed at very young children and contains beautiful illustrations. The poems focus on her childhood experiences in County Donegal and provide evocative descriptions of its countryside.[1]

London and later life[edit]

After her move to London, Browne wrote frequently for the Religious Tract Society's periodicals The Leisure Hour and The Sunday at Home. One of those in The Leisure Hour was "1776: a tale of the American War of Independence", which appeared on the centenary of that event in 1876. As well as describing some of the revolutionary events, it is a love story and beautifully illustrated.[1] Her last piece of writing was a poem called "The Children's Day", which appeared in "The Sunday at Home" in 1879.

Frances Browne died on 21 August 1879 at 19 St John's Grove, Richmond upon Thames. She was buried in Richmond Cemetery on 25 August 1879.

Further reading[edit]

The most detailed biography available is The Life and Works of Frances Browne by Patrick Bonar published in 2007. There is also an analysis of some of her short stories in an article in the Donegal Annual for 2008 – "Frances Browne and the Legends of Ulster" by Raymond Blair. Raymond Blair has also edited an anthology of her poems, short stories and essays entitled "The Best of Frances Browne." There is an excellent treatment of her literary career by Paul Marchbanks in An A-to-Z of Irish Women Writers edited by A G Gonzalez (2006). Thomas McLean examines Frances Browne's longest poem, "The Star of Attéghéi," and its relationship to the war in Circassia in his 2012 monograph The Other East and Nineteenth-Century British Literature. Finally a brief entry about the poet can be found in the magisterial Dictionary of Irish Biography recently published under the auspices of the Royal Irish Academy.[3] Therefore, it would appear that the fame of the undeservedly forgotten blind poet is being gradually restored.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Biography of Frances Brown, from the Preface to Granny's Wonderful Chair
  2. ^ Pádraig Breathnach: Songs of the Gael. Dublin 1922. p. 5.
  3. ^ McGuire, James; Quinn, James (2009). Dictionary of Irish Biography. Volume I. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy-Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-63331-4.

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