Frances Cress Welsing
Frances Cress Welsing
Welsing receives Community Award at National Black LUV Festival on September 21, 2008
Frances Luella Cress
March 18, 1935
|Died||January 2, 2016 (aged 80)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Alma mater||Antioch College (B.S.),|
Howard University (M.D.)
|Known for||The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors (1991)|
Frances Luella Welsing (née Cress; March 18, 1935 – January 2, 2016) was an American Afrocentrist psychiatrist. Her 1970 essay, The Cress Theory of Color-Confrontation and Racism (White Supremacy), offered her interpretation on the origins of what she described as white supremacy culture.
She was the author of The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors (1991). Welsing caused controversy after she said that homosexuality among African-Americans was a ploy by white males to decrease the black population.
Welsing was born Frances Luella Cress in Chicago on March 18, 1935. Her father, Dr. Henry N. Cress, was a physician, and her mother, Ida Mae Griffen, was a teacher. In 1957, she earned a B.S. degree at Antioch College and in 1962 received an M.D. at Howard University. In the 1960s, Welsing moved to Washington, D.C. and worked at many hospitals, especially children's hospitals. While Welsing was an assistant professor at Howard University she formulated her first body of work in 1969, The Cress Theory of Color-Confrontation and self published it in 1970. The paper subsequently appeared in the May 1974 edition of the Black Scholar. This was an introduction to her thoughts that would be developed in The Isis Papers. Twenty-two years later she released The Isis Papers, a compilation of essays she has written about global and local race relations.
In 1992 Welsing published The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors. The book is a compilation of essays that she had written over 18 years.
The name "The Isis Papers" was inspired by an ancient Egyptian goddess. Isis was the sister/wife of the most significant god Osiris. According to Welsing, all the names of the gods were significant; however, Osiris means "lord of the perfect Black". Wesling specifically chose the name Isis for her admiration of "truth and justice" that allowed for justice to be stronger than gold and silver.
In this book she talks about the genocide of people of color globally, along with issues Black people in the United States face. According to Welsing, the genocide of people of color is caused by white people's inability to produce melanin. The minority status of whites has caused what she calls white genetic survival.
She believed that injustice caused by racism will end when "non-white people worldwide recognize, analyze, understand and discuss openly the genocidal dynamic." She also tackled issues such as drug use, murder, teen pregnancy, infant mortality, incarceration, and unemployment, in the Black community. According to Welsing, the cause of these issues are her definition of racism (white supremacy). Black men are at the center of Welsing's discussion because, according to her, they "have the greatest potential to cause white genetic annihilation."
In The Isis Papers, she described white people as the genetically defective descendants of albino mutants. She wrote that due to this "defective" mutation, they may have been forcibly expelled from Africa, among other possibilities. Racism, in the views of Welsing, is a conspiracy "to ensure white genetic survival". She attributed AIDS and addiction to crack cocaine and other substances to "chemical and biological warfare" by whites.
Welsing created a definition of racism, which is her theory of non-white genocide globally. She refers to racism and white supremacy synonymously. Her definition is "Racism (white supremacy) is the local and global power system dynamic, structured and maintained by those who classify themselves as white; whether consciously or subconsciously determined, which consist of patterns of perception, logic, symbol formation, thoughts, speech, action and emotional response, as conducted simultaneously in all areas of people activity: economics, education, entertainment, labor, law, politics, religion, sex, and war; for the ultimate purpose of white genetic survival and to prevent white genetic annihilation on planet earth, a planet upon which the vast and overwhelming majority of people are classified as non-white, (meaning black, brown, red, and yellow people) by white skinned people, and all of the non-white people are genetically dominant in terms of skin coloration compared to the genetic recessive white skinned people". Welsing was against white supremacy and the emasculation of the Black man.
Public Enemy were strongly influenced by Welsing's colour theory and her prism on genetic warfare. Much of the album Fear of a Black Planet is lyrically and conceptually based on Welsing's research. On her passing, Chuck D wrote on Twitter "RIP to the elder Dr. Frances Cress Welsing.. the inspiration behind Fear of a Black Planet." Professor Griff has also repeatedly praised her work and paid respect to her influential research, especially regarding the profound effect she had on their music and lyrics.
Welsing stated that the emasculation of the Black man prevents procreation of Black people. According to Welsing, this is one of the goals of racism (white supremacy). She calls this effeminization as a form of oppression. An extension of feminizing Black men is also described by Welsing as bi-sexuality and homosexuality.
- Welsing appeared in the documentary 500 Years Later (2005), directed by Owen Alik Shahadah, and written by M. K. Asante.
- Welsing also appeared in Hidden Colors: The Untold History of People of Aboriginal, Moor, and African Descent, a 2011 documentary film by Tariq Nasheed.
- The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors, Chicago: Third World Press, c 1992 (3rd printing); ISBN 0-88378-103-4, ISBN 0-88378-104-2.
- Anne Pollock (2012). Medicating Race: Heart Disease and Durable Preoccupations with Difference. Duke University Press. p. 89. ISBN 9780822353447.
- Welsing, Frances Cress (May 1, 1974). "The Cress Theory of Color-Confrontation". The Black Scholar. 5 (8): 32–40. doi:10.1080/00064246.1974.11431416. ISSN 0006-4246.
- Jaynes, Gerald D. (2005). Encyclopedia of African American society, Volume 1. Sage. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-7619-2764-8.
- Lehr, Valerie (1999). Queer Family Values: Debunking the Myth of the Nuclear Family. Temple University Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-1566396844.
- This was from the previous wiki article
- Welsing, Frances (1991). Isis Papers. Washington, DC: C.W Publishing. pp. i–9. ISBN 978-1-6028195-9-7.
- Ortiz de Montellano, Bernard R. (1993). "Melanin, afrocentricity, and pseudoscience". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 36 (S17): 33–58. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330360604.
- "Afrocentricity vs Homosexuality: The Isis Papers". www.spunk.org. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
- "Educator Frances Cress Welsing Dies at 80". Rolling Out.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Dr. Frances Cress Welsing Dead at 80". The Root.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "500 Years Later" (PDF). African Holocaust.com. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "'Hidden Colors' Filmmaker Tariq Nasheed: 'Eric Garner Was Lynched'". Huffington Post.com. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- Ortiz de Montellano, B. (2001) Magic Melanin: Spreading Scientific Illiteracy to Minorities, csicop.org; accessed June 29, 2017.
- Frances Cress Welsing profile, findagrave.com