November 27, 1914|
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Died||January 24, 1971
Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.
Frances Dodge (November 27, 1914 - January 24, 1971) was an internationally known horsewoman.
She was the eldest of the three children of John Francis Dodge (co-founder of Dodge Motor Company) and his third wife Matilda Rausch Dodge (Wilson). The Dodges had three other children and lived their early years in Detroit and Grosse Pointe. In 1920, after the death of John Dodge, the family move to Meadow Brook Farms in Rochester (Oakland County) Michigan which had been a hunting and golf retreat for the Dodge brothers. She was encouraged to ride along with her brother, Daniel, and this sparked a lifelong passion for horses. Frances finished high school at Mt. Vernon Seminary in 1933 and married James Johnson on July 1, 1938. The next year, on her 25th birthday, Frances received control of her $10,000,000 trust fund from the John Dodge estate). She celebrated at a surprise birthday party to the tunes of the Tommy Dorsey orchestra and the vocals of Frank Sinatra.
Frances founded Dodge Stables at Meadow Brook Farm where she bred American Saddlebreds. Under the management of Wallace Bailey, and later, Earl Teater, Dodge Stables became a legend in the show horse world. She and Jimmy Johnson's breeding program produced a string of champions including Wing Commander, a five gaited horse who became a legend in the show horse world.
In 1945, she and her husband bought Castleton Farm in Lexington, Kentucky, a former thoroughbred breeding and stud farm. As her older half-sister, Isabel who owned Brookmeade Stable, Frances Dodge also became interested in horse racing and breeding. Castleton was to become a standardbred breeding farm as successful as any worldwide. Together, the Johnsons won the Hambletonian in 1948 with homebred Hoot Mon, and again with Victory Song. Their red chestnut pacing star, Ensign Hanover, won the Little Brown Jug in 1949. It is believed that Ensign Hanover is the first horse to have ever flown in an airplane, when he flew, crosstied in the aisle of a DC - 3 cargo plane from Indiana to New York where he won a stake race at Roosevelt Raceway (the idea was put forth by famed aviator Wiley Post.) On September 27, 1940 Mrs. Johnson set the record for trotting under saddle, riding Greyhound, completing a mile in 2:01.3/4 at Lexington, Kentucky's famous Red Mile. This record stood for 54 years, until broken by Money Maker, a trotter bred by Mrs. van Lennep's daughter, Fredericka Caldwell.
Divorced from her first husband in 1948, she remarried to Frederick Van Lennep in 1949. The same year Dodge Stables was moved to Castleton Farm.
Frances Dodge continued to support harness racing and was considered one of the women pioneers in the sport.
In 1972, she was elected to the World Championship Horse Show Hall of Fame, along with her horse Wing Commander, and trainer Earl Teater.
The Van Lennep Memorial Achievement Award is given to recognize extraordinary contribution by an individual or organization in the Standardbred industry. Though named for Frederick Van Lennep, Mr. Van Lennep credited his wife for much of the success of Castleton Farm.
- Time Magazine, Monday, Dec. 4, 1939
- Time Magazine, Monday, April 19, 1948
- Oakland University. "Frances Dodge (1914-1971)". Archived from the original on September 6, 2006. Retrieved December 18, 2006.