in a color publicity still
|Born||Mary Frances Gifford
December 7, 1920
Long Beach, California, U.S.
|Died||January 22, 1994
Pasadena, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||emphysema|
(m. 1938–1942; divorced)
Mary Frances Gifford (December 7, 1920 – January 22, 1994) was an American actress who played leads and supporting roles in many 1930s and 1940s movies.
Gifford was born and raised in Long Beach, California, and at the age of 16, applied to UCLA School of Law with no intention of pursuing an acting career. With a friend, she visited the studios of Samuel Goldwyn to watch a film being made, and while there, was spotted by a talent scout, who brought her to the attention of Goldwyn, who signed her to an acting contract.
After only receiving minor roles, Gifford moved to RKO, where she was cast in several uncredited supporting roles in films of the late 1930s, including Stage Door (1937) starring Katharine Hepburn and Ginger Rogers.
In 1938, at the age of 18, Gifford married character actor James Dunn, and in 1939, landed her first leading role, in the low-budget Mercy Plane, opposite her husband. A planned retirement was interrupted briefly when she played another uncredited role in James Stewart's break-out film Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939).
Gifford played several more minor roles before she was, in 1941, lent to Republic Pictures and cast in the role which would arguably produce her most enduring fame: as the semiclad Nyoka in Jungle Girl, a 15-chapter movie serial, based very loosely on the novel by Edgar Rice Burroughs. The role was the first time since Pearl White in the silent era that an actress had played the lead in the movie serial genre.
The following year, Republic made a sequel Perils of Nyoka, but Gifford was no longer available and the heroine's part was played by Kay Aldridge. In the Walt Disney feature The Reluctant Dragon (1941), Gifford had a leading role as Doris, a studio artist.
With Gifford's film career gaining momentum and Dunn's on the decline, partly due to his battle with alcoholism, the marriage had failed by 1942. She left RKO for Paramount Pictures, where she acted in several films, including The Glass Key (1942). In 1943, she made another jungle movie, costarring with Johnny Weissmuller in Tarzan Triumphs at RKO. That year, she also left Paramount and moved to the prestigious Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio with the sponsorship of an MGM executive.
At MGM, she had more success, playing leading roles in such films as Our Vines Have Tender Grapes (1945) opposite Edward G. Robinson and She Went to the Races (1945), receiving billing over Ava Gardner, followed by the more notable The Arnelo Affair (1947). Gifford also played in supporting roles, including Thrill of a Romance (1945) with Esther Williams, and Luxury Liner (1948) with Jane Powell.
The event sidelined her career and caused a decline in her health. She received severe head injuries, resulting in a drastic change in her personality. She began to lose confidence in her abilities and found it difficult to come back to films. Losing her contract with MGM, she attempted a comeback in two early 1950s films, Riding High (1950) and Sky Commando (1953). During the 1950s, her mental and physical health declined to the point where she was placed into Camarillo State Mental Hospital in 1958. She spent almost the entire next 25 years in and out of various institutions.
In 1983, Richard S. Fisher, a journalist for a film magazine, traced down Gifford, who had lately been volunteering at the Pasadena, California, City Library, having apparently recovered. She spent her final years in quiet obscurity and died of emphysema in a convalescent center in Pasadena at the age of 73.
In 1941, Gifford was selected as "the ideal Pan-American girl" by 200 chapters of the Pan-American League on college campuses across the United States.
- Woman Chases Man (1937)
- New Faces of 1937 (1937)
- Stage Door (1937)
- Living on Love (1937)
- Night Spot (1938)
- Having a Wonderful Time (1938)
- Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939)
- Mercy Plane (1939)
- Hold That Woman! (1940)
- Border Vigilantes (1941)
- West Point Widow (1941)
- Jungle Girl (1941)
- The Reluctant Dragon (1941)
- The Remarkable Andrew (1942)
- My Heart Belongs to Daddy (1942)
- Tombstone, the Town Too Tough to Die (1942)
- Beyond the Blue Horizon (1942)
- The Glass Key (1942)
- American Empire (1942)
- Star Spangled Rhythm (1942)
- Tarzan Triumphs (1943)
- Henry Aldrich Gets Glamour (1943)
- Cry 'Havoc' (1943)
- Marriage Is a Private Affair (1944)
- Thrill of a Romance (1945)
- Our Vines Have Tender Grapes (1945)
- She Went to the Races (1945)
- Little Mister Jim (1946)
- The Arnelo Affair (1947)
- Luxury Liner (1948)
- Riding High (1950)
- Sky Commando (1953)
- Heffernan, Harold (August 9, 1941). "Movie Cinderellas, New Faces On Screen, Climb To Stardom". The Winnipeg Tribune. Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba. North American Newspaper Alliance, Inc. p. 31. Retrieved June 3, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Maltin 1994, p. 331.
- Weiss and Goodgold 1973, p. 186.
- Jewell and Harbin 1982, p. 160.
- Maltin 1994, p. 332.
- "Frances Gifford Of Films Injured In Rialto Crash". The San Bernardino County Sun. California, San Bernardino. January 2, 1948. p. 11. Retrieved June 3, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- McClelland 1978, p. 16.
- Fisher, Richard S. "I fell in love with the Jungle Girl." Chuck Schaden's Nostalgia Digest and Radio Guide, June–July 1994, pp. 33–34. Retrieved: May 13, 2013.
- Vosburgh, Dick. "Obituary: Frances Gifford."The Independent, January 31, 1994.
- "Pan-American Girl". Macon Chronicle-Herald. Missouri, Macon. May 6, 1941. p. 3. Retrieved June 3, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Jewell, Richard B. and Vernon Harbin. The RKO Story. London: Octopus Books, 1982. ISBN 0-7064-1285-0.
- Maltin, Leonard. Leonard Maltin's Movie Encyclopedia. New York: Dutton, 1994. ISBN 0-525-93635-1.
- McClelland, Doug. The Golden Age of B Movies. New York: Bonanza Books, 1978. ISBN 0-517-349221.
- Weiss, Ken and Ed Goodgold. To be Continued ...: A Complete Guide to Motion Picture Serials. New York: Bonanza Books, 1973. ISBN 0-517-166259.
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