Cynthia Ann Smith
June 23, 1957
Gibson City, Illinois, U.S.
Frances Louise McDormand (born Cynthia Ann Smith; June 23, 1957) is an American actress and producer. Throughout her career spanning over four decades, McDormand has received numerous accolades, including four Academy Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, and one Tony Award, making her one of the few performers to achieve the "Triple Crown of Acting". Additionally, she has received two Golden Globe Awards, three British Academy Film Awards, and four Screen Actors Guild Awards. Although primarily recognized for her roles in small-budget independent films, McDormand's worldwide box office gross exceeds $2.2 billion helped by her appearances in Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011) and Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted (2012).
McDormand was educated at Bethany College and Yale University. She has been married to Joel Coen of the Coen brothers since 1984. She has appeared in a number of their films, including Blood Simple (1984), Raising Arizona (1987), Miller's Crossing (1990), Barton Fink (1991), Fargo (1996), The Man Who Wasn't There (2001), Burn After Reading (2008), and Hail, Caesar! (2016). For her portrayal of a pregnant police chief in Fargo, McDormand won her first Academy Award for Best Actress. She received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performances in Mississippi Burning (1988), Almost Famous (2000), and North Country (2005). McDormand won two more Academy Awards for Best Actress for starring as a justice-seeking mother in the crime drama film Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017) and a widowed van-dwelling nomad in the drama film Nomadland (2020), making her the second woman in history to win Best Actress three times, and the seventh performer overall to win three competitive Academy Awards in acting categories.[a] For producing the latter, she was also awarded the Academy Award for Best Picture, making her the first person in history to win Academy Awards both as producer and performer for the same film.
On television, McDormand produced and starred as the titular protagonist in the HBO miniseries Olive Kitteridge (2014), which won her the Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie and Outstanding Limited or Anthology Series. On stage, McDormand made her Broadway debut in a 1984 revival of the drama Awake and Sing!, and received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her performance as Stella Kowalski in a 1988 revival of A Streetcar Named Desire. She returned to Broadway in 2008 with a revival of The Country Girl, leading to a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Actress in a Play. In 2011, she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for playing a troubled single mother in Good People.
McDormand was born Cynthia Ann Smith on June 23, 1957, in Gibson City, Illinois. She was adopted at one and a half years of age by Noreen (Nickelson) and Vernon McDormand and renamed Frances Louise McDormand. Her adoptive mother was a nurse and receptionist while her adoptive father was a Disciples of Christ pastor; both were originally from Canada. McDormand has said that her biological mother—to whom she has proudly referred, along with herself, as "white trash"—may have been one of the parishioners at Vernon's church. She has a sister, Dorothy A. "Dot" McDormand, who is an ordained Disciples of Christ minister and chaplain, as well as a brother, Kenneth, both of whom also were adopted by the McDormands, who had no biological children.
Because McDormand's father specialized in restoring congregations, he frequently moved their family, and they lived in several small towns in Illinois, Georgia, Kentucky, and Tennessee, before settling in Monessen, Pennsylvania, where McDormand graduated from Monessen High School in 1975. She attended Bethany College in West Virginia, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in theater in 1979. In 1982, she earned a Master of Fine Arts degree from the Yale School of Drama. She was a roommate of actress Holly Hunter while living in New York City.
1980s: Early work and breakthrough
McDormand's first professional acting role was in Derek Walcott's play In a Fine Castle also known as The Last Carnival, which was funded by the MacArthur Foundation and performed in Trinidad. In 1984, she made her film debut in Blood Simple, the first film by her husband Joel Coen and brother-in-law Ethan Coen. In 1985, McDormand appeared in Sam Raimi's Crimewave, as well as an episode of Hunter. In 1987, she appeared as eccentric friend Dot in Raising Arizona, starring Holly Hunter and Nicolas Cage. In addition to her early film roles, McDormand played Connie Chapman in the fifth season of the television police drama Hill Street Blues, and appeared in a 1986 episode of The Twilight Zone. In 1988, she played Stella Kowalski in a stage production of Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire, for which she was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play. McDormand is an associate member of the experimental theater company The Wooster Group. In 2002, "the game and talented" McDormand performed as Oenone in the Wooster Group's production of an "exhilarating dissection" of Racine's tragedy Phèdre entitled To You, the Birdie!, at St. Ann's Warehouse in Brooklyn, New York.
After appearing in several theatrical and television roles during the 1980s, McDormand gradually gained renown and critical acclaim for her dramatic work in film. In 1989, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Mississippi Burning (1988). Cast alongside Gene Hackman and Willem Dafoe, McDormand was singled out for praise, with Sheila Benson in her review for the Los Angeles Times writing, "Hackman's mastery reaches a peak here, but McDormand soars right with him. And since she is the film's sole voice of morality, it's right that she is so memorable."
1990s: Fargo and worldwide recognition
In 1990, McDormand teamed again with director Sam Raimi for Darkman, in which she co-starred alongside Liam Neeson. The film was a critical and commercial success, with film critics Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert giving the film "two thumbs up" on the TV program At the Movies. That same year, she appeared in the Coen brothers' Miller's Crossing and starred in the political thriller Hidden Agenda alongside Brian Cox, which was met with further critical acclaim, and won the Jury Prize at the 1990 Cannes Film Festival. The following year, McDormand appeared alongside Demi Moore and Jeff Daniels in the romantic comedy The Butcher's Wife. In 1992, she co-starred in the television film Crazy in Love with Holly Hunter and Gena Rowlands. In 1993, McDormand co-starred in Robert Altman's ensemble film Short Cuts, based on stories by Raymond Carver. The film was critically acclaimed, with the cast receiving a special Volpi Cup for Best Ensemble at the 50th Venice International Film Festival, as well as a Special Ensemble Award at the 51st Golden Globe Awards.
In 1996, McDormand starred as pregnant police Chief Marge Gunderson in Fargo, written and directed by the Coen brothers. She garnered widespread critical acclaim for her performance, and won the Academy Award for Best Actress, and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role. Roger Ebert called Fargo "one of the best films I've ever seen" and asserted that McDormand "should have a lock on an Academy Award nomination with this performance, which is true in every individual moment, and yet slyly, quietly, over the top in its cumulative effect." In 2003, the character of Marge Gunderson as portrayed by McDormand was ranked the 33rd greatest screen hero by AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains. Also in 1996, McDormand played Edward Norton's psychiatrist Dr. Molly Arrington in the legal thriller Primal Fear, and appeared alongside Chris Cooper in the neo-Western mystery film Lone Star.
In 1997, McDormand received a Primetime Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Television Movie for her role as Gus in the television film Hidden in America (1996). That same year, she co-starred alongside Glenn Close in Bruce Beresford's war drama Paradise Road. In 1998, McDormand played the strict but loving nun Miss Clara Clavel in the family film Madeline.
2000s: Established actress
In 2001, McDormand was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress for her portrayal of an overbearing mother in Almost Famous (2000). For her role in Wonder Boys (2000), she won Best Supporting Actress from the Florida Film Critics Circle and the Los Angeles Film Critics Association. For her roles in both films, she won the Broadcast Film Critics Association award for Best Supporting Actress. McDormand starred as Billy Bob Thornton’s wife Doris Crane in the Coen Brothers’ film noir The Man Who Wasn’t There (2001). In 2002, she starred alongside Robert De Niro in the crime drama City by the Sea, and as free-spirited record producer Jane in Laurel Canyon, which earned her an Independent Spirit Award nomination for Best Supporting Female. The following year, she played Diane Keaton's sister Zoe in the romantic comedy Something's Gotta Give. In 2005, McDormand co-starred alongside Charlize Theron in the true life drama North Country, which earned her Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Golden Globe Award, and Screen Actors Guild Award nominations for Best Supporting Actress. That same year, she also appeared alongside Theron in the science fiction action film Æon Flux.
In 2007, McDormand won an Independent Spirit Award for her supporting role in Nicole Holofcener's dark comedy Friends with Money (2006). She also voiced the role of the principal Melanie Upfoot in The Simpsons episode "Girls Just Want to Have Sums", which aired on April 30, 2006. In 2008, McDormand starred in the romantic comedy Miss Pettigrew Lives for a Day alongside Amy Adams as governess Guinevere Pettigrew, and the black comedy Burn After Reading, which earned her a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical.
2010s: Continued success and critical acclaim
In 2011, she appeared alongside Sean Penn in This Must Be the Place, and alongside her Burn After Reading co-star John Malkovich in the action movie Transformers: Dark of the Moon, playing the US government's National Intelligence Director. She returned to the stage in the David Lindsay-Abaire play Good People, in a limited engagement on Broadway from February 8, 2011, to May 29, 2011. Her performance won her the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play. In the animated film Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted (2012), McDormand voiced Captain Chantel Dubois and also sang a version of the French song "Non, je ne regrette rien". That same year, she co-starred in Wes Anderson's ensemble film Moonrise Kingdom, and alongside Matt Damon in Promised Land.
In November 2014, HBO aired a four-part miniseries based upon the series of short stories by Elizabeth Strout, Olive Kitteridge, co-produced by and starring McDormand. For her performance in the title role, she won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie. With her Emmy win, McDormand became the twelfth actress in history to achieve the "Triple Crown of Acting", for competitive Oscar, Emmy, and Tony Award wins in acting categories. As a co-producer on Olive Kitteridge, McDormand also won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited Series. In 2015, McDormand voiced Momma Ida in the Pixar animated film The Good Dinosaur.
In 2017, McDormand starred in Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri as Mildred Hayes, a grieving mother who rents three roadside billboards to call attention to her daughter's unsolved rape and murder. Her performance garnered enormous critical acclaim, and she won her second Academy Award for Best Actress (her statuette was stolen briefly following the awards ceremony), the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama, and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role. During that year's awards season, she drew significant media attention for her feminist provoking acceptance speeches which came with the advent of the Time's Up and Me Too movements.
In 2018, McDormand voiced Interpreter Nelson in Wes Anderson's stop-motion animated film Isle of Dogs. The following year, she voiced God in the six-episode Amazon/BBC Studios series Good Omens, starring Michael Sheen and David Tennant.
2020s: Nomadland and further critical success
In 2020, McDormand produced and starred in Chloé Zhao's Nomadland, playing Fern, a nomad in the American West. McDormand received universal acclaim for her performance, winning her third Academy Award for Best Actress and her second BAFTA Award for Best Actress, and earning nominations for the Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress. As a producer on the film, McDormand also won the Academy Award, BAFTA Award, and Golden Globe Award for Best Picture. Her wins for Nomadland made her the first person in history to win Academy Awards both as producer and performer for the same film, the second woman in history to win Best Actress three times, and the seventh performer overall to win three competitive Academy Awards in acting categories.[a] In 2021, McDormand received further critical acclaim for her performances as Lady Macbeth in Joel Coen's The Tragedy of Macbeth and Lucinda Krementz in Wes Anderson's The French Dispatch.
Reception and acting style
Throughout her career spanning over four decades, McDormand has appeared in a wide variety of projects on the screen and stage, portraying various characters for which she has frequently received critical acclaim. Vogue remarked how she is "long considered one of our greatest living performers" and continues mentioning that "she grounds every performance with an innate truthfulness. McDormand makes you believe every person she plays is a flesh-and-blood human who continues living out their life once the cameras stop rolling." In his review of Laurel Canyon (2002), film critic Roger Ebert wrote "In almost all of her roles, McDormand embodies an immediate, present, physical, functioning, living, breathing person as well as any actor ever has, and she plays radically different roles as easily as she walks... How she does it is a mystery, but she does, reinventing herself, role after role. McDormand is ascendant." In his review of Nomadland (2020), film critic Leonard Maltin refers to McDormand as "one of the finest actresses on the planet," stating "because [Fern] is played by McDormand, there is no better way to establish a connection between her and us in the audience. We know she is genuine; there is no artifice here."
Acting credits and awards
- List of actors with Academy Award nominations
- List of actors with two or more Academy Awards in acting categories
- List of actors with two or more Academy Award nominations in acting categories
- List of oldest and youngest Academy Award winners and nominees
- "Frances McDormand - Career Summary". The Numbers. Archived from the original on April 9, 2022. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
- Lindahl, Chris (April 25, 2021). "Frances McDormand Wins Best Actress: Third Career Oscar, Only Katharine Hepburn Won More". IndieWire. Archived from the original on December 20, 2021. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
- Clark, Travis (April 26, 2021). "The 44 actors who have won multiple Oscars, ranked by who has won the most". Business Insider. Archived from the original on April 30, 2021. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
- "Frances McDormand". Television Academy. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
- "Nominations/1988". www.tonyawards.com. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
- "Frances McDormand". Playbill. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
- "Nominations/2011". www.tonyawards.com. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
- "Frances McDormand (1957-)". Biography. March 5, 2018. Archived from the original on February 23, 2022. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
- Kisner, Jordan (October 3, 2017). "Frances McDormand's Difficult Women". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- "Naked ambition". The Age. Melbourne, Australia. October 25, 2003. Archived from the original on December 29, 2019. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- "Disciples "PK" wins best actress' award. Disciples News Service Release. 31 March 2007". Disciples.org. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- "I'd love to play a psycho killer. film.guardian.co.uk. 26 January 2001". The Guardian. London. February 14, 2001. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- "Fast Chat: Holly Hunter". Newsday. July 13, 2008. Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Ben Brantley (2002). "Theater Review: Racine's Pale Queen, Struggling With Racket Sports". The New York Times. February 19, 2002.
- "Story Medium". Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2011. Imagine Fashion. Interview with Frances McDormand (2011).
- "THE 61ST ACADEMY AWARDS". www.oscars.org. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- Benson, Sheila (December 18, 1988). "RCritic's Notebook: Some 'Burning' Questions". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 1, 2016. Retrieved April 30, 2016.
- "Darkman, The Witches, Wild at Heart, Pump Up the Volume, My Blue Heaven (1990)". Archived from the original on November 11, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Siskel, Gene (August 24, 1990). "RAIMI'S 'DARKMAN' INTENSE, FRESH ADVENTURE". chicagotribune.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2022.
- "Hidden Agenda". Festival de Cannes. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
- Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Golden Globes 1994 "Shortcuts" Special Award". AwardsShowNetwork. April 2022 – via Youtube.
- "Cameron Crowe, Frances McDormand interview, Interview Magazine, October 2000". Archived from the original on April 1, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- "THE 69TH ACADEMY AWARDS". www.oscars.org. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- "The 3rd Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards". www.sagawards.org. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- Ebert, Roger (March 8, 1996). "Fargo". RogerEbert.com. Ebert Digital LLC. Archived from the original on December 7, 2017. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- "AFI's 100 YEARS...100 HEROES & VILLAINS". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on October 9, 2020.
- "THE 73RD ACADEMY AWARDS". www.oscars.org. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- "Frances McDormand". www.goldenglobes.com. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
- Armstrong, Mark (December 19, 2000). "Broadcast Critics Eat Crowe". E! Online UK. Archived from the original on January 5, 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- "A year-by-year look back at the history of the Spirit Awards". www.filmindependent.org. Archived from the original on February 26, 2022. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
- "THE 78TH ACADEMY AWARDS". www.oscars.org. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- ""Little Miss Sunshine" pulls up to take the crown at 2007 Film Independent's Spirit Awards". Film Independent Spirit Awards. February 24, 2007. Archived from the original on February 27, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Jones, Kenneth." 'Good People', Play of Aspiration and Escape, With Frances McDormand and Tate Donovan, Begins on Broadway" Archived February 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Playbill, February 8, 2011
- Jones, Kenneth."Broadway's 'Good People' Gets Final Extension, Shifting Dates of 'Master Class'" Archived May 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Playbill, March 22, 2011
- Jones, Kenneth and Gans, Andrew."2011 Tony Nominations Announced; 'Book of Mormon' Earns 14 Nominations" Archived September 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, May 3, 2011
- Gerhardt, Tina (December 31, 2012). "Matt Damon Exposes Fracking in Promised Land". The Progressive. Archived from the original on August 26, 2016. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
- Bruni, Frank (October 15, 2014). "Frances McDormand, True to Herself in HBO's Olive Kitteridge". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- "The 21st Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards". www.sagawards.org. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- Melas, Chloe (March 5, 2018). "Frances McDormand's Oscar stolen (and returned)". CNN. Archived from the original on March 7, 2018. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
- "Frances McDormand". www.awards.bafta.org. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
- Grobar, Matt (January 7, 2018). "'Three Billboards' Star Frances McDormand Expresses Gratitude For Tectonic Shift In Entertainment Industry". Deadline. Archived from the original on January 8, 2018. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
- "The 24th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards". www.sagawards.org. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- Ross, Martha. "Frances McDormand brings #MeToo moment the Oscars needed". The Mercury News. Archived from the original on September 30, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2022.
- "THE 93RD ACADEMY AWARDS". www.oscars.org. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- "2021 EE British Academy Film Awards: The Winners". www.awards.bafta.org. March 9, 2021. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- "Nomadland". www.goldenglobes.com. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
- Ramin Setoodeh, Angelique Jackson. "The Tragedy of Macbeth' Lands Fair — Not Foul — Standing Ovation for Denzel Washington, Frances McDormand at NYFF World Premiere". Variety. Archived from the original on October 31, 2021. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
- "The 95th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 24, 2023.
- "Frances McDormand". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on January 10, 2018. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Kirkland, Justin (April 24, 2021). "The 10 Best Frances McDormand Performances of All Time". Esquire. Archived from the original on September 23, 2021. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Bell, Keaton (April 23, 2021). "Frances McDormand's 10 Best Roles, From Fargo to Nomadland". Vogue. Archived from the original on November 6, 2021. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Ebert, Roger (March 28, 2003). "Laurel Canyon". rogerebert.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022. Retrieved October 7, 2022.
- Maltin, Leonard (February 18, 2021). "Nomadland: Worth Waiting For". leonardmaltin.com. Archived from the original on September 25, 2021. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
- Durbin, Karen (March 2, 2003). "The Prime Of Frances McDormand". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- Kamrun, Nesa (March 11, 2018). "Everything We Know About Frances McDormand and Joel Coen's Son, Pedro". POPSUGAR Celebrity. Archived from the original on March 9, 2018. Retrieved September 18, 2019.