Frances Catherine Partridge CBE (née Marshall; 15 March 1900 – 5 February 2004) was an English writer. Closely connected to the Bloomsbury Group, she is probably best known for the publication of her diaries. She married Ralph Partridge (1894 – 30 November 1960) in 1933. The couple had one son, (Lytton) Burgo Partridge (1935–1963).
Origins and education
Born in Bedford Square in London, she was the youngest of six children of William Marshall, an English architect and losing finalist at the first Wimbledon tennis championship in 1877, and Margaret Anna Lloyd, a suffragist who took the 6-year-old Frances to a protest. She lived in the square until she was eight when her father retired and they moved to the countryside. She was educated at Bedales School and Newnham College, Cambridge.
While working at a London bookshop owned by David Garnett and Francis Birrell, she became acquainted with Lytton Strachey, Dora Carrington and Ralph Partridge. In 1921, Ralph Partridge had married Dora Carrington, who was in love with Lytton Strachey, a homosexual who was himself more interested in Partridge. An added complication was Dora Carrington's intermittent affair with one of Partridge's best friends, Gerald Brenan. Carrington, Partridge, and Strachey shared a Wiltshire farm-house, Ham Spray, in a complex triangular relationship (later recorded in the 1995 film Carrington, with Alex Kingston playing Frances).
Ralph Partridge now fell in love with Frances. They lived in London during the week and repaired to Ham Spray at weekends. After Dora Carrington committed suicide out of grief in 1932, shortly after Lytton Strachey's death, Ralph and Frances married on 2 March 1933. They lived happily at Ham Spray until Ralph's death in 1960.
They had one son, (Lytton) Burgo Partridge, who was born in 1935 and named for Strachey. In 1962, Burgo married Henrietta Garnett, daughter of Angelica Garnett and David Garnett, with Henrietta already pregnant with their daughter. He died suddenly of heart failure on 7 September 1963, only three weeks after the birth of their baby, Sophie Vanessa. He had already been noticed for his writing ability, and had published one well-received book, A History of Orgies (1958).
Frances sold Ham Spray and moved to London. Her writings, her membership of the Bloomsbury circle, her great personal charm and the energy that she retained into extreme old age together ensured for her a degree of celebrity towards the end of her life.
- The Greville Memoirs (Macmillan & Co, 1938), an editorial co-operation with Ralph Partridge (commenced by Lytton Strachey).
- A translation of Nothing is Impossible (Harvill Press, 1956) by Mercedes Ballesteros.
- A translation of Something to Declare (The Harvill Press, 1957) by Lovleff Bornet
- A translation of Blood and Sand (Elek, 1958) by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
- A translation of The Naked Lady (Elek, 1959) by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
- A translation of The Enemy in the Mouth: An Account of Alcoholics Anonymous (Rupert Hart-Davis, 1961) by Joseph Kessel
- A translation of A Gap in the Wall (Collins, 1963) by Gabrielle Estivals
- A translation of El Señor Presidente (Atheneum, 1964) by Miguel Ángel Asturias
- A translation of Human Communication (World University Library, 1967) by J.L.Aranguren
- A translation of Napoleon's St. Helena (John Murray, 1968) by Gilbert Martineau
- A translation of The War of Time (Gollancz, 1970) by Alejo Carpentier
- A translation of Napoleon Surrenders (John Murray, 1971) by Gilbert Martineau
- A translation of Reasons of State (Alfred A Knopf, 1976) by Alejo Carpentier
- A translation of Napoleon's Last Journey (John Murray, 1976) by Gilbert Martineau
- A translation of Madame Mère: Napoleon’s Mother (John Murray, 1978) by Gilbert Martineau
- A Pacifist's War (Hogarth Press, 1978), an account of Ralph's and her life as pacifists during the Second World War. (Ralph Partridge had won a Military Cross and bar during the First World War.)
- Love in Bloomsbury: Memories (Victor Gollancz, 1981)
- Julia (Gollancz, 1983), a memoir of her friend Julia Strachey.
- Everything to Lose (Gollancz, 1985), her diaries between 1945 and 1960.
- Friends in Focus (Chatto & Windus, 1987), collected photographs.
- Hanging On (Collins, 1990), her diaries between 1960 and 1963.
- Other People (Harper Collins, 1993), her diaries between 1963 and 1966.
- Good Company (Harper Collins, 1994), her diaries between 1967 and 1970.
- Life Regained (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998), her diaries between 1970 and 1972.
- Ups and Downs (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2001), her diaries between 1972 and 1975.
In popular culture
- Alex Kingston portrays Partridge in the 1995 British biographical film Carrington, written and directed by Christopher Hampton based on the book Lytton Strachey by Michael Holroyd.
- Sauce Ena portrays Partridge in the 2003 Goya Award winning Spanish film Al sur de Granada written and directed by Fernando Colomo based on the 1957 autobiographical book South from Granada by Gerald Brenan.
- Chisholm, Anne (2009). Frances Partridge: The Biography. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-64673-0
- McGuire, Julie (Autumn 2003). "Review: A Bloomsbury Canvas: Reflections on the Bloomsbury Group by Tony Bradshaw". NWSA Journal. 15 (3): 223–225. JSTOR 4317027. Frances Partridge, Quentin Bell and Angelica Garnett were among the last survivors of those closely connected to the Bloomsbury Group.
- Martin, Douglas (15 February 2004). "Frances Partridge, Diarist and Last Survivor of Bloomsbury Group, Dies at 103". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- Interview with Andy O'Mahony Archived 12 September 2012 at Archive.today in the Dialogue stream on RTÉ Radio 1, 21 May 1994
- Birch, Dinah (24 September 2009). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780191030840.
- Adam Kuper, "Incest & influence: the private life of bourgeois England", Harvard University Press, 2009, ISBN 0-674-03589-5, p.242
- Mary Ann Caws, Sarah Bird Wright, "Bloomsbury and France: art and friends", Oxford University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-19-511752-2, p.386
- Durrant, Sabine (11 January 1999). "Frances Partridge, Bloomsbury groupie". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 January 2008.
- "Frances Partridge : The Biography by Chisholm, Anne: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London 9780297646730 Hardback, First Edition. - Amazing Book Company". www.abebooks.com. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- Levy, Paul (4 April 2009). "Review; Frances Partridge by Anne Chisholm". The Guardian.
- Taylor, D. J. (24 April 2009). "Review: Frances Partridge by Anne Chisholm". The Independent.
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