Frances Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


The Marchioness of Londonderry
Frances Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry.png
The engagement painting of Lady Frances Anne Vane-Tempest by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1818
Personal details
Born17 January 1800
St James's Square, London, England
Died20 January 1865(1865-01-20) (aged 65)
Seaham Hall, County Durham, England
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry
ChildrenGeorge Vane-Tempest, 5th Marquess of Londonderry
Frances Anne Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
Alexandrina Dawson-Damer, Countess of Portarlington
Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest
Lady Adelaide Emelina Caroline Vane
Lord Ernest McDonnell Vane-Tempest
ParentsSir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Bt
Anne MacDonnell, Countess of Antrim

Frances Anne Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry (17 January 1800 – 20 January 1865) was a wealthy English heiress and noblewoman. She was the daughter of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Baronet. She married Charles William Stewart, 1st Baron Stewart, who changed his surname to hers and became Charles William Vane. She became Marchioness in 1822 when Charles succeeded his half-brother as 3rd Marquess of Londonderry. Through her daughter Frances Anne, she is the great-grandmother of Winston Churchill.

Life[edit]

Frances Anne was the only child of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Baronet, and his wife Anne MacDonnell, 2nd Countess of Antrim.[1][2][3] At her father's death in 1813, Frances Anne inherited extensive lands in northeast England as well as some property in County Antrim, Ireland. As much of her English land was in the Durham Coalfield, she had income from coal mining. In his last will and testament, her father had stipulated that she must retain the surname Vane and that whoever will marry her would have to adopt her surname in lieu of his own. [4]

In 1819 she married and became the second wife of Charles William Stewart, 1st Baron Stewart, who dutifully changed name and became Charles William Vane. In 1822 she became marchioness when her husband succeeded his half-brother Lord Castlereagh to become the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry. With her husband, she developed an extensive coal mining operation that included coal mines, a railroad, and docks at Seaham.[5]

She became an object of affection for Tsar Alexander I after he happened to see her engagement portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence.[6]

She sought to promote the political career of her eldest son, George Vane-Tempest, and was a patron of Benjamin Disraeli.[7]

She built Garron Tower north of Carnlough, County Antrim, as a summer residence for herself. [8]

When her husband died in 1854, she commissioned an equestrian statue showing him as a hussar,[9] which was unveiled in 1861 and still stands on the market place in Durham, England. The sculptor was Raffaelle Monti.

Through her daughter, Lady Frances Vane, wife of John Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, she is the great-grandmother of Sir Winston Churchill.

Issue[edit]

Frederick William Robert Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry (1805–1872) was her stepson.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 17 January 1800 – 3 April 1819 Lady Frances Anne Vane
  • 3 April 1819 – 12 August 1822 The Right Honourable The Lady Stewart
  • 12 August 1822 – 6 March 1854 The Most Honourable The Marchioness of Londonderry
  • 2 March 1854 – 20 January 1865 The Most Honourable The Dowager Marchioness of Londonderry

References[edit]

  1. ^ More letters from Martha Wilmot, edited by Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry and H. M. Hyde (1935)
  2. ^ "International Genealogical Index". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
  3. ^ Letters of Disraeli to Lady Bradford and Lady Chesterfield, edited by The Marquess of Zetland (1923)
  4. ^ "Whitehall, May 5, 1819". The London Gazette. No. 17480. 25 May 1819. p. 906. ...may, in compliance with the provisions of the last will and testament of the said Sir Henry Vane, Bart. from henceforth continue to repectively use the surname of Vane only, ...
  5. ^ "A Brief History of Seaham Harbour". skylighters.org. Retrieved 27 August 2008.
  6. ^ Vane-Temple-Stewart, Edith (1958). Frances Anne: The life and times of Frances Anne, Marchioness of Londonderry, and her husband Charles, third Marquess of Londonderry. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 42. By some accident the Emperor of Russia saw it, and having expressed the wish to buy it, they told him it was the picture of a Miss Stephenson.
  7. ^ Letters from Benjamin Disraeli to Frances Anne, marchioness of Londonderry, 1837–1861, edited by Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry (1938), p.268
  8. ^ Hill, George (1873). An Historical Account of the MacDonnells of Antrim. Belfast: Archer and Sons. p. 371.
  9. ^ Equestrian statue, monument to the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry. Archived 2011-06-18 at the Wayback Machine.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]