Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri

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Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri (21 November 1566 – 2 October 1645) was an Italian Catholic Cardinal.


Cennini de' Salamandri was born 21 November 1566 in Sarteano into a noble family of Marquises of Castiglioncello del Trinoro. He received a Doctorate utroque iure and was ordained a priest in 1591 at age 24.[1]

He was named parish priest of Sarteano and Archpriest and Vicar-General of the Diocese of Chiusi before going to Rome to work as a legal advocate.[2] In 1612 he was elected Bishop of Amelia and became a Signatory of the Apostolic Penitentiary and served as Governor of Rome for eight years. In 1618 he was named Nuncio to Spain and remained there until 1621 and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem; a title he retained until 1645.

Cennini de' Salamandri was elevated to cardinal in 1621 but did not participate in the Papal conclave that year. He did, however, participate in the conclave of 1623 that elected Pope Urban VIII and was made Bishop of Faenza later that year where he served for 18 years.

He was appointed Cardinal-Priest of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto in 1641, resigned as Bishop of Faenza in 1643 and participated in the Papal conclave of 1644 that elected Pope Innocent X. He was named Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy[3] and Vice-Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals later in 1644.

The following year, 1645, he was appointed Cardinal-Priest of Porto e Santa Rufina but died on 2 October only six months later. He was buried at the foot of the tomb of Pope Pius V in the Cappella Paolina.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: Francesco Cardinal Cennini de' Salamandri[self-published source]
  2. ^ S. Miranda: Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri
  3. ^ Congregation for the Clergy
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Scipione Gonzaga
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
1618 – 1645
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Felice Centini
Cardinal-Priest of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto
1641 – 1645
Succeeded by
Carlo de' Medici
Preceded by
Giambattista Pamphilj
Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy
1644 – 1645
Succeeded by
Pier Luigi Carafa
Preceded by
Pier Paolo Crescenzi
Cardinal-Priest of Porto-Santa Rufina
Succeeded by
Giulio Roma