|Cardinal-Priest of Santa Lucia del Gonfalone|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||21 October 2003|
|Term ended||27 July 2014|
|Predecessor||None; diaconate created|
|Ordination||29 June 1952
by Maurilio Fossati
|Consecration||6 January 1989
by Pope John Paul II
|Created Cardinal||21 October 2003
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Francesco Marchisano|
25 June 1929|
|Died||27 July 2014
|Motto||In caritate radicati et fundati ("Rooted and grounded in love")|
|Coat of arms|
Francesco Marchisano (25 June 1929 – 27 July 2014) was an Italian Cardinal who worked in the Roman Curia from 1956 until his death. Born in Racconigi, he was ordained a priest in Turin by Cardinal Maurilio Fossati in 1952.
He studied in Rome where he was offered his first Curial appointment by Cardinal Giuseppe Pizzardo. Rising through the Vatican dicastery (then the Sacred Congregation for Seminaries and Universities, now the Congregation for Catholic Education), he served as its Undersecretary from 1969 to 1988. He was also advanced to monsignor, becoming a Papal Chamberlain in 1961 and a Prelate of Honour in 1971.
On 6 October 1988, Pope John Paul II named him titular bishop of Populonia and consecrated him on 6 January 1989. He later served as president and Secretary of various Vatican organs. He was raised to archbishop on 9 July 1994.
His positions included:
- President of the Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archeology (1991–2004)
- President of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church (1993–2002)
- President of the Artistic-Cultural Commission of the Grand Jubilee Year 2000
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Populonia (titular see)|
In 2002 he was named to succeed Cardinal Virgilio Noè as Archpriest of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, Vicar General for the State of Vatican City, and President of the Fabric of Saint Peter, positions reserved for a Cardinal. He was elevated at the next consistory in 2003 and became Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Lucia del Gonfalone. He was later named President of the Permanent Commission for the Care of the Historical and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See, serving from 8 March 2003 to 3 July 2009.
He passed the normal retirement age of 75 for Curial positions in 2004, though this is frequently waived. After the death of Cardinal Jan Pieter Schotte, Cardinal Marchisano was named on 5 February 2005 to succeed him as President of the Labour Office of the Apostolic See, retaining his other positions, while Archbishop Angelo Comastri was named to the unusual position of Coadjutor Archpriest of Saint Peter's and as Marchisano's successor Vicar General for the State of Vatican City, and President of the Fabric of Saint Peter.
Cardinal Marchisano was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI. In a funeral Mass for Pope John Paul II celebrated the day after his funeral, Cardinal Marchisano revealed that he had been cured of an illness of the throat after the late pope had prayed and touched him.
On 31 October 2006, Pope Benedict named Angelo Comastri to succeed Cardinal Marchisano as Archpriest of St Peter's Basilica. On 3 July 2009, Marchisano resigned as president of the Labour Office of the Apostolic See and as president of the Permanent Commission for the Custody of Historical and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See.
Cardinal Marchisano lost the right to participate in a papal conclave when he turned 80 on 25 June 2009. Following the conclave that elected Pope Francis, Cardinal Marchisano was one of the six cardinals who made the public act of obedience to the new pope on behalf of the College of Cardinals at the papal inauguration ceremony. Having served 10 years as a cardinal-deacon, he was promoted to cardinal-priest by Pope Francis on 12 June 2014.
- "Other Pontifical Acts". Vatican Information Service. 7 February 2005. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "Prayers of John Paul II led to cure, says Cardinal Marchisano". Catholic News Agency. 11 April 2005. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "OtherPontifical Acts". Vatican Information Service. 31 October 2006. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "Other Pontifical Acts". Vatican Information Service. 3 July 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- Rolandi, Luca (19 March 2013). "Il giorno di Papa Francesco: La messa di inizio pontificato in Piazza San Pietro" (in Italian). Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- on YouTube
- "Assegnazione del titolo presbiterale ad alcuni cardinali diaconi creati nel consistoro del 21 ottobre 2003" (in Italian). 12 June 2014. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Decesso di Sua Eminenza il Cardinale Francesco Marchisano" (in Italian). Press.vatican.va. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- Death of Cardinal Marchisano, former archpriest of St Peter's Basilica
|Catholic Church titles|
|President of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church
4 May 1993 – 13 October 2003
|Vicar General of His Holiness for Vatican City
24 April 2002 – 5 February 2005
|Archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica
24 April 2002 – 31 October 2006
|President of the Fabric of Saint Peter
24 April 2002 – 28 August 2004
Jan Pieter Schotte
|President of the Labour Office of the Apostolic See
5 February 2005 – 3 July 2009