Francesco Ricci Paracciani

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Francesco Ricci Paracciani
Archpriest of Saint Peter's Basilica
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed6 October 1892
Term ended9 March 1894
PredecessorEdward Henry Howard
SuccessorMariano Rampolla del Tindaro
Other post(s)Cardinal-Priest of San Pancrazio (1891-94)
President of the Congregation of the Reverend Basilica of Saint Peter (1892-94)
Created cardinal13 December 1880 ("in pectore")
27 March 1882 (revealed)
by Pope Leo XIII
RankCardinal-Deacon (1882-91)
Cardinal-Priest (1891-94)
Personal details
Francesco Ricci Paracciani

8 June 1830
Died9 March 1894(1894-03-09) (aged 63)
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
BuriedCampo Verano
ParentsPietro Ricci Paracciani
Elisabetta Cavalletti
Previous post(s)Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Portico (1882-91)
Coat of armsFrancesco Ricci Paracciani's coat of arms

Francesco Ricci Paracciani (8 June 1830 – 9 March 1894) was an Italian priest of the Catholic Church, who spent his career in the service of the papal household and in the Roman Curia.


Francesco Ricci Paracciani was born in Rome on 8 June 1830 into a family of the Tuscan nobility.[1] His relatives included Cardinals Urbano Paracciani (1715-1777), his great-grandfather, Niccola Paracciani Clarelli (1799–1872), his second cousin, and Salvatore Nobili Vitelleschi (1818–1875), his cousin.[2] Throughout his Vatican career, he spent several months of the year at his family's property in Montepulciano.[3]

He entered the papal service shortly after being ordained a priest, following a career path suited a member of the nobility. He joined the papal household as a privy chamberlain and held positions of increasing administrative responsibility and ceremonial distinction, including canon of the chapter of St. Peter's Basilica. He became master of papal audiences on 24 March 1868 and prefect of the Pontifical Household on 1 October 1875.[4]

The cardinals at the 1878 papal conclave gave him responsibility for the administrative affairs of the conclave by electing him as its governor.[5]

Pope Leo XIII made him a cardinal on 13 December 1880, reserving his name in pectore and announcing his elevation publicly on 27 March 1882.[6] He received his red galero and was assigned the deaconry of Santa Maria in Portico on 30 March 1882.[7]

He became Grand Prior of the Sovereign Order of Jerusalem[1] on 4 March 1885. He opted for the order of cardinal priests and was given the title of San Pancrazio on 1 June 1891.[8] He was named secretary of memorandums on 26 January 1892.

He was appointed archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica on 6 October 1892[9] and, as is customary, was prefect of the Fabric of Saint Peter.

Throughout his career he promoted nights schools to provide training for artisans and workmen. He led the Commission for Evening Schools.[4]

He died in Rome on 9 March 1894.[10]

He was buried in the chapel at Verano of the Chapter of the Vatican Basilica.[11]


  1. ^ a b "Francesco Ricci Paracciani". Calendario ecclesiastico (in French and Italian). 1890. p. 110. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  2. ^ Treccani website, Paracciani Rutili, Urbano
  3. ^ "Cronaca Vaticana". La Settimana Religiosa (in Italian). Vol. XXIV, no. 11. Genoa. 18 March 1894. p. 129. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b "L'eco del Purgatorio" (in Italian). Vol. XXXIX. Bologna. 1894. pp. 113–5.
  5. ^ Moroni, Gaetano (1879). Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica (in Italian). Vol. V. Venice. p. 97. Retrieved 15 February 2021.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  6. ^ Acta Sanctae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XIV. 1881. p. 385. Retrieved 30 January 2021. The AAS renders his name as Ricci-Parracciani.
  7. ^ "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church section, Biographical Dictionary of Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903), Consistory of December 13, 1880 (III)". Florida International University.
  8. ^ Acta Sanctae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XXIII. 1890–91. p. 705. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  9. ^ "Correspondence, Rome". The Tablet. 5 November 1892. p. 737. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  10. ^ Shaw, Albert (1894). Review of Reviews and World's Work. Vol. IX. p. 415.
  11. ^ Araldica Vaticana website, Franciscus Ricci Paracciani

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