Francestown, New Hampshire

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Francestown, New Hampshire
Town
The Levi Woodbury Homestead
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°59′15″N 71°48′45″W / 42.98750°N 71.81250°W / 42.98750; -71.81250Coordinates: 42°59′15″N 71°48′45″W / 42.98750°N 71.81250°W / 42.98750; -71.81250
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyHillsborough
Incorporated1772
Government
 • Board of Selectmen
  • Marsha Dixon, Chair
  • George Ravalico
  • Scot D. Heath
 • Town AdministratorJamie Pike
Area
 • Total30.4 sq mi (78.7 km2)
 • Land29.8 sq mi (77.2 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)  1.85%
Elevation
831 ft (253 m)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total1,610
 • Density54/sq mi (20.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03043
Area code603
FIPS code33-27140
GNIS feature ID0873598
Websitewww.francestownnh.org

Francestown is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,610 at the 2020 census.[2] The village of Francestown, population 201 in 2020, is in the center of the town.

History[edit]

Incorporated in 1772, Francestown takes its name from Frances Deering Wentworth,[3] the wife of colonial governor John Wentworth. There were 928 residents when the first census was taken in 1790.[4] For some time the town used its location on the Second New Hampshire Turnpike, the only route between Boston and Vermont, to collect a toll of one cent per mile from coaches and wagons. High-quality soapstone was mined in Francestown from 1792 to 1912.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.4 square miles (78.7 km2), of which 29.8 square miles (77.2 km2) are land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2) are water, making up 1.85% of the town.[1] The highest point in Francestown is the summit of Crotched Mountain, at 2,066 feet (630 m) above sea level, on the town's western border. Francestown lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed,[6] entirely via tributaries of the Piscataquog River. The town is crossed by state routes 47 and 136.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790982
18001,35538.0%
18101,4517.1%
18201,4791.9%
18301,5404.1%
18401,308−15.1%
18501,114−14.8%
18601,082−2.9%
1870932−13.9%
18809370.5%
1890837−10.7%
1900693−17.2%
1910602−13.1%
1920385−36.0%
1930363−5.7%
1940342−5.8%
195040518.4%
196049522.2%
19705256.1%
198083058.1%
19901,21746.6%
20001,48021.6%
20101,5625.5%
20201,6103.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[2][7]

2000[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,480 people, 552 households, and 418 families residing in the town. The population density was 49.1 people per square mile (18.9/km2). There were 656 housing units at an average density of 21.7 per square mile (8.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.30% White, 0.07% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population.

There were 552 households, out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.8% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $64,259, and the median income for a family was $71,471. Males had a median income of $50,521 versus $32,778 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,942. About 1.2% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

2020[edit]

Between the 2010 and 2020 census, the population of Francestown increased from 1,562 to 1,610 residents. There were 624 households and 740 total housing units, with 93 vacant housing units. Of the 1,610 residents, the median household income was $102,721, compared with $83,626 for Hillsborough County. The poverty level was 2.8%, and exclusively effected residents over the age of 18. Of the 66% employment rate, 60.9% of workers were employed at private companies, 20.2% were self employed, 6.9% were employed as private non-profits, and 12% were employed by local, state, and federal government entities.[9]

Notable people[edit]

Notable buildings[edit]

Photograph of a brick building with a modern addition on the left and a white picket fence.
George Holmes Bixby Memorial Library. Located at 52 Main St, Francestown, NH 03043.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files – New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Francestown town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 130.
  4. ^ "Francestown". New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  5. ^ Starbuck, David R. (1994). "An Introduction to New Hampshire Industrial Archeology". IA, The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology. 20 (1/2): 4–18. ISSN 0160-1040. JSTOR 40968279.
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-11-21.
  10. ^ "BELL, Samuel, (1770 - 1850)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "BROWN, Titus, (1786 - 1849)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  12. ^ "Sylvester Roper". AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  13. ^ "Eri Davidson Woodbury". Military Times. Archived from the original on 2014-07-26. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  14. ^ "WOODBURY, Levi, (1789 - 1851)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 10, 2013.

External links[edit]