Franceville

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Franceville
Masuku
Franceville.jpg
Coat of arms of Franceville
Franceville is located in Gabon
Franceville
Franceville
Location in Gabon
Franceville is located in Africa
Franceville
Franceville
Franceville (Africa)
Coordinates: 1°38′S 13°35′E / 1.633°S 13.583°E / -1.633; 13.583
Country Gabon
ProvinceHaut-Ogooué Province
DepartmentMpassa Department
Government
 • MayorJean Pierre Doumbeneny
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total110,568

Franceville is one of the four largest cities in Gabon, with a population of 110,568 at the 2013 census. It lies on the Mpassa River and at the end of the Trans-Gabon Railway and the N3 road. It grew from a village named Masuku when Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza chose it to resettle former slaves and renamed it Francheville (meaning "city of the freed") in 1880. The city later came to be called Franceville (meaning "French city").

Overview[edit]

Brazza founded Franceville on June 13, 1880. The former name was Masuku. As time went on, it became known as Franceville.[1]

Features of the town include St Hilaire's Church (built in 1899), a large statue of President Omar Bongo (who was born in Franceville), a primate medical research institute, and a golf course. Its airport is 20 km (12 mi) west, in Mvengué. Bongo was buried in Franceville on June 18, 2009.

There is a market where numerous items can be purchased, including clothing, fruit and vegetables, electronics, meats, and the market also sells bushmeat, which includes Central African rock python, monkey and local species of animals.

There are a few hotels, of which the best known is the Hôtel Poubara, overlooking the president's holiday home.

Franceville also has many waterfalls. One of the best known is the Poubara Falls, which is co-located with a hydroelectric plant that provides the area with constant electricity.

Population[edit]

The population was 31,183 in 1993.[2] The 2010 population was approximated at 56,000. Another population number is 42,967,[3] possibly retrieved following the disputed[2] census of 2003 (alternately a 2004 estimate[4]). Another recent estimate gives the population as 75,000.[5]

Climate[edit]

Franceville has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). There are a lot of thunderstorms in the city.

Climate data for Franceville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(85)
30
(86)
31
(87)
31
(87)
29
(85)
28
(83)
27
(81)
28
(83)
29
(85)
29
(85)
29
(85)
29
(85)
29
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18
(64)
18
(65)
19
(67)
19
(67)
19
(67)
20
(68)
19
(67)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 160
(6.3)
190
(7.5)
220
(8.5)
210
(8.3)
210
(8.1)
33
(1.3)
7.6
(0.3)
20
(0.8)
110
(4.2)
260
(10.4)
250
(10)
190
(7.6)
1,860
(73.3)
Source: Weatherbase [6]

Education[edit]

Franceville is home to the University of Science and Technology of Masuku (USTM), Gabon's hard sciences university, with the other subjects being taught in Libreville. It welcomes students from all African countries. It is home to the Canadian-sponsored Polytechnic and Faculty of Science and the National Higher Institute of Agronomy and Biotechnology, which trains agricultural engineers. The city is also home to a doctoral school in the 2nd arrondissement. Schools include École publique conventionnée de Franceville.[7]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Franceville is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gabon : Franceville s'apprête à célébrer son 125ème anniversaire" Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine, Xinhua, May 21, 2005 (in French).
  2. ^ a b Gabon: Provinces, Major Cities & Localities. Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
  3. ^ Franceville. GeoNames. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
  4. ^ City Data for Masuku. Wolfram|Alpha. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
  5. ^ Leclerc, Jacques: "Gabon". Archived 2010-05-29 at the Wayback Machine L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Franceville, Gabon". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  7. ^ "École publique conventionnée de Franceville." AEFE. Retrieved on May 3, 2015.
  8. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-12-26.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 1°38′S 13°35′E / 1.633°S 13.583°E / -1.633; 13.583