Franches-Montagnes District

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Franches-Montagnes District
District des Franches-Montagnes
District
Location of Franches-Montagnes District
Country   Switzerland
Canton  Jura
Capital Saignelégier
Area
 • Total 200.18 km2 (77.29 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 10,312
 • Density 52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Municipalities 13

Franches-Montagnes District (German: Freiberge, French: District des Franches-Montagnes, Franc-Comtois: Dichtrict des Fraintches-Montaignes) is one of the three districts of the canton of Jura, Switzerland. Its capital is the town of Saignelégier. The French-speaking district has a population of 10,312 (as of 31 December 2015).[1]

Municipalities[edit]

Franches-Montagnes contains a total of 13 municipalities:

Coat of Arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2015)[2]
Area
km²
[3]
La Chaux-de-Breleux Blazono.png La Chaux-des-Breuleux 97 4.05
Lajoux Blazono.png Lajoux 660 12.38
Le Bemont Blazono.png Le Bémont 316 11.67
Le Noirmont.jpg Le Noirmont 1,845 20.39
Lesboisblason.jpg Les Bois 1,195 24.74
Les Breuleux-coat of arms.svg Les Breuleux 1,520 10.81
Armoiries Enfers.jpg Les Enfers 148 7.14
Les Genevez Blazono.png Les Genevez 513 13.61
Montfaucon Blazono.png Montfaucon 610 18.24
Muriaux-Blazono.png Muriaux 504 16.89
Saignelégier-armoiries.svg Saignelégier 2,537 31.64
Saint-Brais-Blazono.png Saint-Brais 235 15.15
Soubey-Blazono.png Soubey 132 13.47
Total 10,312 200.18

Mergers[edit]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the district coat of arms is Or, a Roundel Argent bordered Sable and Coupeaux of Six Gules.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Franches-Montagnes has a population (as of December 2015) of 10,312.[6]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (8,975 or 91.9%) as their first language, German is the second most common (431 or 4.4%) and Portuguese is the third (91 or 0.9%). There are 72 people who speak Italian and 4 people who speak Romansh.[7]

As of 2008, the population was 49.7% male and 50.3% female. The population was made up of 4,498 Swiss men (45.1% of the population) and 456 (4.6%) non-Swiss men. There were 4,573 Swiss women (45.9%) and 446 (4.5%) non-Swiss women.[8] Of the population in the district, 4,147 or about 42.5% were born in Franches-Montagnes and lived there in 2000. There were 2,328 or 23.8% who were born in the same canton, while 1,840 or 18.8% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 1,031 or 10.6% were born outside of Switzerland.[7]

As of 2000, there were 4,275 people who were single and never married in the district. There were 4,596 married individuals, 524 widows or widowers and 374 individuals who are divorced.[7]

There were 1,073 households that consist of only one person and 409 households with five or more people.

The historical population is given in the following chart:[9][10]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 33.99% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CSP (21.85%), the CVP (19.47%) and the FDP (13.05%). In the federal election, a total of 3,330 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 44.6%.[11]

Religion[edit]

According to the 2000 census, 8,649 people (88.6% of total population) identified as Christian, with a confessional division of 7,068 (72.4%) were Roman Catholics, 1,102 (11.3%) Reformed (Protestant) and 479 (5%) adherents of other Christian confessions (mostly free churches, but also including 25 members of an Orthodox church and 4 members of the Christian Catholic Church).

750 (7.7% of the population) stated no religious adherence (agnostic or atheist). 480 individuals (or about 4.91% of the population) did not answer the question.[7]

86 (0.9%) people identified as Muslim, 9 as Hindu, 6 as Buddhist, and 7 âs adherents of other religious groups.

Education[edit]

In Franches-Montagnes about 3,255 or (33.3%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 785 or (8.0%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 785 who completed tertiary schooling, 61.9% were Swiss men, 27.3% were Swiss women, 5.4% were non-Swiss men and 5.5% were non-Swiss women.[7]

The Canton of Jura school system provides two year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school followed by some form of Tertiary school or they may enter an apprenticeship.[12]

During the 2009-10 school year, there were a total of 922 students attending 55 classes in Franches-Montagnes. There were 12 kindergarten classes with a total of 197 students in the district.[13] The district had 43 primary classes and 725 students.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2016
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  4. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 14 January 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 3 January 2012
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2016
  7. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (in German) accessed 2 February 2011. Archived 29 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Population résidante permanente des communes, selon le sexe et la nationalité, au 31 décembre 2010, canton du Jura Archived 26 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. pdf document from the Canton of Jura Statistical Office Archived 26 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 19 December 2011
  9. ^ Franches-Montagnes in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 30 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived 14 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 May 2010
  12. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  13. ^ Effectifs de l'école enfantine 2009-2010 Archived 14 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. (in French) accessed 19 December 2011
  14. ^ Effectifs de l'école primaire (in French) accessed 19 December 2011

Coordinates: 47°15′N 6°59′E / 47.250°N 6.983°E / 47.250; 6.983