Francišak Bahuševič

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Francišak Bahuševič
Francisak Bahusevic.jpg
BornFranciszek Benedykt Bohuszewicz
(1840-03-21)21 March 1840,
Śvirany, Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire
Died28 April 1900(1900-04-28) (aged 60),
Kušliany, Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire
Resting placeŽuprany near Ašmiany
OccupationPoet, essayist

Francišak Bahuševič (Belarusian: Францішак Багушэвіч, Polish: Franciszek Bohuszewicz, 21 March [O.S. 9 March] 1840 – (28 April [O.S. 15 April] 1900) was a Belarusian poet, writer and lawyer, considered to be one of the initiators of modern Belarusian literature.[1]


Bahuševič was born in Ambary Manor in the Vilna uezd of the Vilna Governorate (now in Vilnius District Municipality, Lithuania). As known, this manor in the end life was got by Vasily Tyapinsky. Bahuševič participated in the January Uprising of 1863-1864. After this, Bahuševič left Belarus to live in Ukraine, where he studied in Nezhin law school. He worked as a lawyer defending the rights of the peasantry. After amnesty for all participants of the revolt was announced, dated for an ascension on the throne of Alexander III, he moved with his family back to Vilna. There he worked in a law office and wrote clauses to the magazine Kraj in Polish. After dismissal of veins in Kushlyany (present-day Smarhon District), he died. He is buried in the village of Zhuprany in the Ashmyany District.


Grave of Fratsishak Bagushevich.jpg
Memorial plaque of Francišak Bahuševič in Svironys, Vilnius district, Lithuania.
Memorial plaque of Francišak Bahuševič on library in Savičiūnai, Vilnius district, Lithuania.
Francišak Bahuševič library and culture center of Savičiūnai, Vilnius district, Lithuania

Bahuševič was an initiator of critical realism in Belarusian literature. His works are closely connected with Belarusian folklore. He published two collections of poems, Dudka biełaruskaja (English: Belarusian fife) and Smyk biełaruski (English: Belarusian fiddlestick), in Austria-Hungary. Bahuševič published his works under the pseudonyms Maciej Buračok, Symon Reŭka z-pad Barysava.

The northwest dialect of Belarusian language is put in a basis of language of his works.


  1. ^ "Figure and Heritage of Francišak Bahuševič in a New Electronic Publication of the National Library of Belarus". Retrieved 9 November 2020.