Francis (given name)

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Francis
Franciscus (Veglia).jpg
Pronunciation/ˈfrɑːnsɪs, ˈfræn-/[1][2]
GenderMale
Name dayOctober 4
Origin
Word/nameLatin
MeaningFree man[3]
Other names
Related namesFranciscus, Francisco, Francesco, François, Franz, Franciszek, Francesc, Ferenc, Franco, Frans, Frank, Franklin

Francis is a French and English given name of Latin origin.

Francis is a name that has many derivatives in most European languages. The female version of the name in English is Frances, and (less commonly) Francine[4]. (For most speakers, Francis and Frances are homophones or near homophones; a popular mnemonic for the spelling is "i for him and e for her".) The name Frank is a common diminutive for Francis and Franny for Frances.

Derivation[edit]

Francesco ("the Frenchman")[5] was the name given to Saint Francis of Assisi (born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone) by his francophile father,[6] celebrating his trade with French merchants. Due to the renown of the saint, this Italian name became widespread in Western Europe during the Middle Ages in different versions (Francisco, François, etc.). However, it was not regularly used in Britain until the 16th century as Francis.[7]

The name of France itself comes from the Germanic people known as the Franks; the origin of their name is unclear but is thought to mean "free".

The characteristic national weapon of the Franks was the francisca, a throwing axe.

Related names in other languages[edit]

Related names are common in other Western European languages, in countries that are (or were before the Reformation) Catholic. Other non-European languages have also adopted variants of the name. These names include:

  • Esperanto: Francisko
  • Estonian: Franciscus
  • Finnish: Frans, Fransiscus,"Ransu".
  • French: François, Francis, Francisque (rare) (male version); Françoise, France, Francine (female version)
  • Galician: Francisco
  • German: Franziskus, Franz, Franziska (female version)
  • Greek: Fragiskos, Fragkiskos, Frangiskos, Frangkiskos, Frankiskos, (Φραγκίσκος), Frantzeskos (Φραντζέσκος), Frankiski (Φραγκίσκη), Frantzeska (Φραντζέσκα) (female version)
  • Gujarati: ફ્રાન્સિસ (Phrānsisa)
  • Hawaiian: Palakiko
  • Hindi: फ्रांसिस (Phrānsisa)
  • Hungarian: Ferenc, Feri, Franciska (female version)
  • Icelandic: Frans
  • Indonesian: Fransiskus, Fransiska (female version)
  • Irish: Proinsias, Proinnsias [Francie], (all variants are valid for both males & females, rare for a female to adopt this name in Irish)
  • Italian: Francesco, Franco, Fran, Cino, Cisco, Cecco (male version); Franca, Francesca, Ciccia, Cina, Cesca, Cecca (female version)
  • Japanese: フランシス (Furanshisu) (for translation of English name), フランシスコ (Furanshisuko) (for translation of Christian name)
  • Kannada: ಫ್ರಾನ್ಸಿಸ್ (Phrānsis)
  • Konkani: Frask, Forso
  • Korean: 프란시스 (Peuransiseu), 프란체스코 (Peuranchesko)
  • Latin: Franciscus
  • Latvian: Francisks
  • Lithuanian: Francas, Pranciškus (historical)
  • Lombard: Francesch
  • Luo (Ke/Tz): Fransisko, Pransis
  • Macedonian: Френсис (Frensis)
  • Malayalam: പൊറിഞ്ചു (Porinchu/Porinju), പ്രാഞ്ചി Pranchi, Prenju, Frenju (popular amongst the Syro Malabar Catholics of Kerala. Porinchu being more common in the North around the Thrissur ArchDiocese, while Prenju and Frenju are more common in the South in the Kuttanad region of the Changanacherry ArchDiocese)
  • Maltese: Franġisk, Frans
  • Manx: Frank
  • Neapolitan: Franciscu
  • Norman: Françouais
  • Norwegian: Frans, Franciskus
  • Occitan: Francés
  • Persian: فرانسیس
  • Piedmontese: Fransesch
  • Polish: Franciszek, (diminutives: Franek, Franio, Franuś) (male version), Franciszka, (diminutives: Franka, Frania) (female version)
  • Portuguese: Francisco, Francisquinho, Chico, Chiquinho, Quico, Fran, Paco (diminutives) Francisca (female version), Francisquinha, Chica, Chiquinha, Quica (diminutives)
  • Romanian: Francisc, Frâncu
  • Russian: Франческо (Franchesko) for Italians, Франциск (Frantsisk) for popes, Франц (Frants) for Germans, Франсуа (Fransua) for French.
  • Samogitian: Prancėškos
  • Sardinian: Franchiscu, Franciscu, Frantziscu (male version); Franchisca, Francisca, Frantzisca (female version); Tzitzeddu/Tzitzedda, Tzischeddu/Tzischedda, Ciccìttu/Ciccìtta (diminutives)
  • Scottish Gaelic: Frangag, Frances, Francis
  • Serbian: Френсис, Franja, Franc, Francisko (rare in native usage)
  • Sicilian: Franciscu, Ciscu
  • Slovak: František
  • Slovene: Frančišek, Franček, France, Franci, Franc, Fran, Franko
  • Spanish: Francisco, Paco, Paquito, Curro, Fran, Quico, Pancho, Cisco, Chisco, Francisca (female version), Paca (female version), Paqui or Paquita (female version)
  • Swahili: Fransisko
  • Swedish: Franciskus, Frans
  • Tamil: பிரான்சிஸ் (Pirāṉcis)
  • Telugu: ఫ్రాన్సిస్ (Phrānsis)
  • Thai: ฟรานซิส (F rān sis̄)
  • Turkish: Fransız, Fransuva
  • Venetian: Francesco
  • Vietnamese: Phanxicô
  • Welsh: Fransis
  • West Frisian: Fransiskus
  • Yiddish: פראַנסיס (Prʼansys)
  • Ukrainian: Францискo (Frantsysko) for Spanish, Франческо (Franchesko) for Italians, Франциск (Frantsisk) for popes, Франц (Frants) for Germans, Франсуа (Fransua) for French.

List of people with the given name Francis[edit]

Aristocracy[edit]

France[edit]

German-speaking countries[edit]

Iberian monarchies[edit]

Italy[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Scandinavia[edit]

Religious figures[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Francis". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  2. ^ "Francis". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  3. ^ Navarro, Yvonne (2007). First Name Reverse Dictionary: Given Names Listed by Meaning, 2d ed. McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers. pp. 110–112. ISBN 9780786429349.
  4. ^ "Baby Name Statistics". Baby Names - England and Wales, ONS. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  5. ^ Chesterton, Gilbert Keith (1924). "St. Francis of Assisi" (14 ed.). Garden City, New York: Image Books: 158.
  6. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Francis". Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 933.
  7. ^ Francis