Francis Brambell

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Francis Brambell
Native name
Francis William Rogers Brambell
Born(1901-02-25)25 February 1901
Died6 June 1970(1970-06-06) (aged 69)
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society[1]
Royal Medal (1964)
Scientific career
InstitutionsBangor University

Francis William Rogers Brambell (25 February 1901 – 6 June 1970) was a British medical scientist.[1]


Brambell was born in Sandycove, Dublin and was educated (1911–1914) at Aravon School and then privately, specializing in zoology.


Brambell was appointed Lloyd Roberts Professor and Head of the Department of Zoology at Bangor University in 1930 at age 29 years. From that time until his retirement 38 years later, he brought great distinction to his Department and College. He was the father of the field of transmission of immunity. As part of his quantitative and temporal studies on transmission, he defined the first Fc receptor system for IgG, and furthermore recognized the link between transmission of passive immunity from mother to young and protection from catabolism via IgG.

Brambell wrote Antibodies and Embryos with W. A. Hemmings and M. Henderson in 1951.

Brambell was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in March, 1949 [1][2] and won their Royal Medal in 1964 "In recognition of his important contribution to our understanding of the passage of protein from maternal to foetal circulations".[3]

In 1965, Brambell lead the UK governmental committee that authored The Five Freedoms, a document asserting the five essential freedom to guarantee quality of life for animals under human control. [4]

Personal life[edit]

He died on 6 June 1970. He had married Margaret L. Adgie in 1927.


  1. ^ a b c Oakley, C. L. (1973). "Francis William Rogers Brambell 1901-1970". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 19: 129. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1973.0006.
  2. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Royal Medal". Retrieved 2008-12-06.
  4. ^ "Press Statement" (PDF). Farm Animal Welfare Council. 1979-12-05. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-07.