Francis Bromley (ca. 1556–1591) was an English politician. A member of an important legal and landowning dynasty of the Shropshire landed gentry, his career was cut short by an early death. He was a Member (MP) of the Parliament of England for Shropshire in 1584.
Francis Bromley was the eldest son and heir to the estates of
- Sir George Bromley of Hallon, near Worfield, in Shropshire. Sir George was an important lawyer, who exercise great power and influence through his posts at with the Duchy of Lancaster and the Council in the Marches of Wales and as chief justice of Chester.
- Joan Waverton, the daughter and heiress of John Waverton or Wannerton of Worfield. George Bromley acquired Hallon (also rendered "Hawne") through a strategic marriage and made it his seat and the family home.
Other members of Bromley's family besides his father had trained at the Inner Temple and earned great wealth and power through practice of the Law, including his uncle, Thomas Bromley, the Lord Chancellor, and another earlier Thomas Bromley who had become Chief Justice. Francis also had a younger brother, Edward Bromley, who was to become a Baron of the Exchequer.
Education and training
Bromley was sent to Shrewsbury School in 1565, at a time when it was still new under the headship of Thomas Ashton, and an explicitly Calvinist institution. He entered Magdalen College, Oxford on 10 January 1575: his stated age of 19 helps determine his date of birth as around 1556.
Bromley was admitted to the Inner Temple by special dispensation of its parliament on 28 April 1577. His father, George, and his uncle Thomas were both among the presiding benchers at the parliament and, although the terms are not stated, it is likely he was admitted gratis or at a reduced fee in deference to his father's distinction. His brother Edward was also the subject of a special admission in 1580. While Edward went on to some eminence in the profession, Francis is not mentioned again by name in the records, so it is likely his studies were intended to give him the legal foundation useful to his future position as a significant landowner in Shropshire. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1583.
Member of Parliament
Francis Bromley was elected knight of the shire for Shropshire in November 1584. The county seats were never contested and almost always taken by members of the local landed gentry, many of them members of or associated with the Council in the Marches, an arm of central government which dominated the West Midlands. As Sir George Bromley was very influential in the Council, and his family were among the foremost gentry families in a gentry-dominated county, he would have had little difficulty inserting his son into a county seat. Francis took the second seat, deferring in order of precedence to Walter Leveson of Lilleshall Abbey.
The parliament assembled on 23 November and lasted for about ten months. Bromley played only a small part. He was appointed to the subsidy committee, reviewing the queen's main channel of taxation, in February 1585. However, in March he was given leave to return to Shropshire for the assizes.
Sir George Bromley died on 2 March 1589 leaving Francis the Bromley family estates scattered across northern Shropshire, including land at Hawkestone near Hodnet, Wistanswick, and Allerton, as well as Hallon.
However, Francis Bromley headed the family for only two years. He died in 1591, leaving his young son Thomas to inherit.
Marriage and family
This was a marriage of equals, with both partners coming from the dominant group of county gentry families. Edward Leighton was a powerful force politically in Shropshire during the 1580s. He was a member of the Council in the Marches and became custos rotulorum of his county in 1587.
Francis Bromley and Joyce Leighton had two children:
- Thomas Bromley, the heir, who married Eleanor Jenks but died without issue in 1610, leaving the Bromley estates to Edward Bromley, Francis's younger brother. Edward died in 1626, also without issue, leaving them to Sir George's third son, also called George.
- Jane Bromley, who married William Davenport.
Hallon became the focus of a bitter legal wrangle, lasting over several decades, the origin of which is recounted by Randall, the historian of Worfield, with some apologies for straying into the "region of tradition, but tradition fortified by facts." Joyce Leighton remarried after the death of Francis Bromley, becoming the second wife of Walter Wrottesley of Wrottesley Park, near Tettenhall: a remarriage mentioned by the Visitation of Shropshire and Burke's Peerage. William Davenport and Jane Bromley allegedly eloped after a secret and forbidden courtship in the grounds of Wrottesley. Subsequently, they put forward a claim to Hallon, which Edward Bromley had assumed was his. The family dispute was ultimately to be resolved in the Davenports' favour, with Hallon becoming Davenport House.
|Francis Bromley, his successors and other descendants of George Bromley|
- Hasler: BROMLEY, Francis (c.1556–91), of Hodnet, Salop. – Author: W.J.J.
- Grazebrook and Rylands, volume 1, p. 78
- Hasler: BROMLEY, George (c.1526–89), of Hallon in Worfield, Salop and the Inner Temple, London – Author: N.M. Fuidge.
- Grazebrook and Rylands, volume 2, p.492
- Randall, p.85
- Thrush and Ferris: BROMLEY, Edward (1563–1626), of the Inner Temple, London and Hallon, Worfield, Salop – Author: Simon Healy
- Joseph Foster (editor) (1891). "Braly-Bruer". Alumni Oxonienses 1500–1714. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- Inderwick, p.288
- Inderwick, p.310.
- Hasler: Shropshire – Author: P.W. Hasler
- Grazebrook and Rylands, volume 2, p.325
- Jocosa means happy or jokey. The origin of Joyce is in a Latinised form of the Breton Iodoc, meaning lord. Cf. Oxford Names Companion, ISBN 0198605617, p.796.
- Hasler: LEIGHTON, Thomas (c.1554–1600), of Wattlesborough, Salop. – Author: J.J.C.
- Grazebrook and Rylands, volume 2, p.493
- Randall, p.88
- Burke, p.1208
- Sir Bernard Burke (1869). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, 31st edition, Harrison. Accessed 22 May 2014 at Internet Archive.
- Joseph Foster (editor) (1891). Alumni Oxonienses 1500–1714, Institute of Historical Research. Accessed 22 May 2014 at British History Online.
- George Grazebrook and John Paul Rylands (editors) (1889). The Visitation of Shropshire, taken in the year 1623: Part I by Robert Tresswell, Somerset Herald, and Augustine Vincent, Rouge Croix Pursuivant of arms; marshals and deputies to William Camden, Clarenceux king of arms. With additions from the pedigrees of Shropshire gentry taken by the heralds in the years 1569 and 1584, and other sources, Harleian Society. Accessed 22 May 2014 at Internet Archive.
- George Grazebrook and John Paul Rylands (editors) (1889). The Visitation of Shropshire, taken in the year 1623: Part II, Harleian Society. Accessed 22 May 2014 at Internet Archive.
- Hasler (editor), P.W. (1981). The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558–1603. Boydell and Brewer. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- Frederick Andrew Inderwick (editor) (1896). The Inner Temple: its early history, as illustrated by its records, 1505–1603, Masters of the Inner Temple and H. Sotheran. Accessed 19 May 2014 at the Open Library.
- John Randall (1887). Worfield and its Townships, published by the author at Madeley, Shropshire. Accessed 22 May 2014 at the Open Library.
- Thrush, Andrew; Ferris, John P. (1982). The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604–1629. Boydell and Brewer. Retrieved 19 May 2014.