Francis Charteris, 10th Earl of Wemyss

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The Early of Wemyss and March

The Earl of Wemyss and March, 1909.jpg
The Earl of Wemyss and March, by John Singer Sargent, 1909.
Member of Parliament for Haddingtonshire
In office
1847–1883
Preceded bySir Thomas Buchan-Hepburn
Succeeded byLord Elcho
Junior Lord of the Treasury
In office
1853–1855
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Member of Parliament for East Gloucestershire
In office
1841–1846
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born
Francis Richard Charteris

(1818-08-04)4 August 1818
Died30 June 1914(1914-06-30) (aged 95)
Political partyWhig
Spouse(s)
  • Lady Anne Frederica Anson
    (m. 1843; died 1896)
  • Grace Blackburn (c. 1857–1946)
    (m. 1900)
ParentsFrancis Wemyss-Charteris, 9th Earl of Wemyss
EducationEton College
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Francis Richard Charteris, 10th Earl of Wemyss GCVO DL (pronounced weems, rhyming with seems) GCVO (4 August 1818 – 30 June 1914), styled as Lord Elcho between 1853 and 1883, was a British Whig politician. He founded the Liberty and Property Defence League.

Early life[edit]

He was the eldest son and heir of Francis Wemyss-Charteris, 9th Earl of Wemyss and Lady Louisa Bingham. Among his siblings was younger brother Hon. Richard Charteris (who married Lady Margaret Butler, a daughter of Richard Butler, 2nd Earl of Glengall) and sister Lady Louisa Wemyss-Charteris (wife of William Wells, MP for Beverley and Peterborough).[1]

His paternal grandparents were Francis Douglas, 8th Earl of Wemyss and the former Margaret Campbell (daughter of Scottish landowner Walter Campbell, 3rd of Shawfield and Islay and 9th of Skipness). His maternal grandparents were Richard Bingham, 2nd Earl of Lucan and Lady Elizabeth Belasyse, third daughter of Henry Belasyse, 2nd Earl Fauconberg and former wife of Bernard Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk.[1]

He was educated at Eton and graduated from Christ Church, Oxford with a B.A. degree.

Career[edit]

As Lord Elcho he was commanding officer of the London Scottish Rifles Volunteers regiment for 17 years from its formation in 1859, gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.

Charteris was a member of the Canterbury Association from 27 March 1848, and belonged to the management committee.[2]

He developed an interest in the alternative medical practice of Homeopathy, even becoming President of the London Homeopathic Hospital until his death. The strength of his belief is evidenced by his writing in March 1914:

I wish all success to Homoeopathy, to which I attach my physical well-being in great measure. When I was 90 I was asked to what I attributed my well-being at that late period of life. My answer was, "To parentage and moderation". I should have added "AND HOMOEOPATHY," with which I have been treated since I was 20.[3]

Between 1836 and 1866, he was trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Upon his father's death in 1883, he succeeded to the Earldom of Wemyss and March. Prior to then he was known as Lord Elcho. From 1881 to 1901, he was aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria, followed by aide-de-camp to King Edward VII from 1901 to 1910. He also held the office of Deputy Lieutenant of Haddington and Selkirk.

Personal life[edit]

64 Queen Street, Edinburgh

On 29 August 1843, he married Lady Anne Frederica Anson, the second daughter of Thomas Anson, 1st Earl of Lichfield and the former Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips (youngest daughter of Nathaniel Phillips of Slebech Hall).[2] In Edinburgh, they lived at 64 Queen Street, the only four-bay townhouse on this prestigious street in Edinburgh's First New Town.[4] Together, they were the parents of six sons and three daughters, including:[1]

After the death of his first wife on 22 Jul 1896, he remarried, to Grace Blackburn (c. 1857–1946) in December 1900. Grace was the third daughter of Major John Blackburn and the former Maria Warburton (a daughter of The Very Reverend Charles Warburton, Archdeacon of Tuam).[1]

Lord Wemyss died on 30 June 1914. The Dowager Countess of Wemyss died on 13 February 1946.[1]

Descendants[edit]

Through his daughter Lady Evelyn, he was a grandfather of Mary Gertrude Vesey, the second wife of Aubrey Herbert (second son of Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon), whose daughter Laura Herbert married the writer Evelyn Waugh, and was the mother of Auberon Waugh.[5]

Honours and legacy[edit]

Charteris Bay in Lyttelton Harbour was chosen as a locality name to commemorate his role in the settlement of Canterbury in New Zealand.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Wemyss, Earl of (S, 1633)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Blain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848–1852): A Study of Its Members' Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 29–30. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
  3. ^ London Homeopathic Hospital, Historical Sketch of the London Homoepathic Hospital... London: LHH, 1914
  4. ^ Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1861–62
  5. ^ John Howard Wilson, Evelyn Waugh: A Literary Biography (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2001), p. 111 ff.: see also "Lady Evelyn Charteris", The Peerage, 30 May 2008.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Augustus Moreton
Sir Christopher Codrington
Member of Parliament for East Gloucestershire
1841–1846
With: Sir Christopher Codrington
Succeeded by
Marquess of Worcester
Sir Christopher Codrington
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Buchan-Hepburn
Member of Parliament for Haddingtonshire
1847–1883
Succeeded by
Lord Elcho
Political offices
Preceded by
Marquess of Chandos
The Lord Henry Lennox
Thomas Bateson
Junior Lord of the Treasury
1853–1855
Succeeded by
The Viscount Monck
Viscount Duncan
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Francis Wemyss-Charteris
Earl of Wemyss
1883–1914
Succeeded by
Hugo Charteris
Earl of March
1883–1914