Francis Charteris, Lord Elcho
Francis Wemyss Charteris, Lord Elcho (31 January 1749 – 20 January 1808) was a Scottish nobleman and Member of Parliament.
He was the only son of the Honourable Francis Charteris, second son of James Wemyss, 5th Earl of Wemyss. The fifth Earl's eldest son David Wemyss, Lord Elcho had been attainted for his part in the Jacobite Rising of 1745 so after the Earl's death in 1756 the earldom became forfeit.
In 1787 Charteris' uncle Lord Elcho (who but for his attainder would have been 6th Earl of Wemyss) died. As Charteris' father had not been attainted himself, he assumed the title as 7th Earl of Wemyss, with Charteris assuming the title Lord Elcho. At the time eldest sons of Scottish peers were not allowed to represent Scottish constituencies in Parliament, and after a debate on the matter Charteris had to vacate his seat. Although it was later established that the Earldom of Wemyss remained forfeit and his father was not after all a Scottish peer, Charteris did not attempt to re-enter Parliament.
Marriage and issue
- Francis, who obtained a reversal of the attainder and became 8th Earl of Wemyss
- Henrietta Charlotte Elizabeth, who married George Harry Grey, 6th Earl of Stamford
- Susan, who married Sir Henry Clinton
- Katharine, who married Edward Richard Stewart
- Augusta, who married Warner William Westenra, 2nd Baron Rossmore.
In 1818—after Francis Chateris's death—his widow Susan Chateris (by then the Dowager Lady Elcho) changed her surname to Tracy as a condition of inheriting her uncle Robert Tracy's estate, on the death of her elder sister.
- Deed Poll Office: Private Act of Parliament 1818 (58 Geo. 3). c. 66
- Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the High Court of Chancery, William Brown, p. 128
- Edith Lady Haden-Guest, CHARTERIS, Francis (1749-1808), of Amisfield, Haddington and Hornby, Lancs., The History of Parliament. Accessed 24 November 2011.
- Patrick Cracroft-Brennan, Wemyss, Earl of (S, 1633), Cracroft's Peerage. Accessed 24 November 2011.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
|Member of Parliament for Haddington Burghs
1780 – 1787