Francis Conroy Sullivan
|Francis Conroy Sullivan|
|Born||July 2, 1882
|Died||April 4, 1929
|Projects||O'Connor Street Bridge; Banff National Park Pavilion,|
The only Canadian pupil of Frank Lloyd Wright,Sullivan worked in the Oak Park studio in 1907 but returned to Ottawa in 1908. Sullivan brought the modernist Prairie School style to Canada, building a number of prominent structures, often in the Prairie Style.
Sullivan was born in Kingston, Ontario. He was an architect for the Canadian Department of Public Works from 1908 to 1911, after which he had an independent practice in Ottawa until 1916. In this capacity he frequently designed schools for the Ottawa Catholic School Board. In 1920 he moved to Chicago and became the chief architect for the Chicago Public School Board.
Examples of Sullivan's work include:
- The O'Connor Street Bridge in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada - 1907
- 108 Acacia Avenue, Ottawa - 1908
- The Banff National Park Pavilion, (with Frank Lloyd Wright), Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada - 1911.
- No 7 Fire Station Arthur Street, Ottawa 1912
- Apartment House 204 Laurier Ave East ottawa. 1913
- Ecole du Sacre Coeur (now School House Lofts), 19 Melrose Ave, Ottawa – 1912
- Pembroke Public Library, 237 Victoria Street, Pembroke, Ontario, Canada – 1913
- Horticulture Building, Lansdowne Park, Ottawa – 1914
- Francis C. Sullivan House, 346 Somerset Street East, Ottawa - 1914
- Patrick J. Powers House, 178 James Street, Ottawa – 1915
- Edward P. Connors House, 166 Huron Ave North, Ottawa – 1915
- Ransome W.Dunning Residence 99 Acacia Ave. Ottawa
- Stonewall Post Office (Now a prominent Antique Shop & Bookstore), 357 Main Street, Stonewall, Manitoba, Canada – 1915 
- Church of Ste. Claire de Goulbourne (now St. Clare’s Catholic Church), near Dwyer Hill, Ontario – 1915
- The St. Martin of Tours Church, Glen Robinson Ont. (Destroyed by fire in the 1950s).
- 6 Allan Place, Ottawa
- Shawville Post Office, 100 Victoria Avenue, Shawville, Quebec, Canada – 1917
- Orthoipedic Hospital, North Toronto Military Hospital 1917
- Service Storehouse North Toronto Military Hospital 1917
- Military convalscent Home Coberg, Ontario 1917
- Sir Oliver Mowatt Sanatorium, Kingston Ontario 1917
- Infirmary Building, Provincial Sanatorium Kentville N.S. 1917
- Military Convelescent Home, Guelph, Ont. 1917
- The Lindenlea Housing Project, Ottawa 1919-21
- Bartholomew Armstrong Residence 8 McLeod St. Ottawa 1924
- Steinmetz High School, N. Mobile St. Chicago 1925
- Calumet High School. E. May Street, Chicago. 1925
Although influenced by Wright, Sullivan's work diverged from Wright's in certain important ways. For example, whereas horizontals predominate in Wright's creations, Sullivan used strong verticals to create tension in his designs.
Sullivan moved to the Wright home at Taliesin West in Scottsdale, Arizona, at Wright's invitation, and died there on April 4, 1929.
5.*Birkans, Martin (1975). The Life and Work of Francis C. Sullivan, Architect, 1882-1929:. Canada: Unpublished Masters degree from the University of Toronto.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Francis Sullivan.|
- Prairie Styles Bio
- Heritage Ottawa, "Twenty Buildings and Features On The Glebe Walking Tour"
- Hintonburg Heritage Walking Tour
- The Prairie School Traveler