Francis Conroy Sullivan

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Francis Conroy Sullivan
Born July 2, 1882
Kingston, Ontario
Died April 4, 1929
Scottsdale, Arizona)
Nationality Canadian
Occupation Architect
Projects O'Connor Street Bridge; Banff National Park Pavilion,

Francis Conroy Sullivan (July 2, 1882 – April 4, 1929) was a Canadian architect.

The only Canadian pupil of Frank Lloyd Wright,Sullivan worked in the Oak Park studio in 1907 but returned to Ottawa in 1908. Sullivan brought the modernist Prairie School style to Canada, building a number of prominent structures, often in the Prairie Style.

Sullivan was born in Kingston, Ontario. He was an architect for the Canadian Department of Public Works from 1908 to 1911, after which he had an independent practice in Ottawa until 1916. In this capacity he frequently designed schools for the Ottawa Catholic School Board. In 1920 he moved to Chicago and became the chief architect for the Chicago Public School Board.

Examples of Sullivan's work include:

  • The O'Connor Street Bridge in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada - 1907
  • 108 Acacia Avenue, Ottawa - 1908
  • The Banff National Park Pavilion, (with Frank Lloyd Wright), Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada - 1911.
  • No 7 Fire Station Arthur Street, Ottawa 1912
  • Apartment House 204 Laurier Ave East ottawa. 1913
  • Ecole du Sacre Coeur (now School House Lofts), 19 Melrose Ave, Ottawa – 1912[1]
  • Pembroke Public Library, 237 Victoria Street, Pembroke, Ontario, Canada – 1913
  • Horticulture Building, Lansdowne Park, Ottawa – 1914
  • Francis C. Sullivan House, 346 Somerset Street East, Ottawa - 1914
  • Patrick J. Powers House, 178 James Street, Ottawa – 1915
  • Edward P. Connors House, 166 Huron Ave North, Ottawa – 1915
  • Ransome W.Dunning Residence 99 Acacia Ave. Ottawa
  • Stonewall Post Office (Now a prominent Antique Shop & Bookstore), 357 Main Street, Stonewall, Manitoba, Canada – 1915[2] [1]
  • Church of Ste. Claire de Goulbourne (now St. Clare’s Catholic Church), near Dwyer Hill, Ontario – 1915[3]
  • The St. Martin of Tours Church, Glen Robinson Ont. (Destroyed by fire in the 1950s).
  • 6 Allan Place, Ottawa
  • Shawville Post Office, 100 Victoria Avenue, Shawville, Quebec, Canada – 1917
  • Orthoipedic Hospital, North Toronto Military Hospital 1917
  • Service Storehouse North Toronto Military Hospital 1917
  • Military convalscent Home Coberg, Ontario 1917
  • Sir Oliver Mowatt Sanatorium, Kingston Ontario 1917
  • Infirmary Building, Provincial Sanatorium Kentville N.S. 1917
  • Military Convelescent Home, Guelph, Ont. 1917
  • The Lindenlea Housing Project, Ottawa 1919-21
  • Bartholomew Armstrong Residence 8 McLeod St. Ottawa 1924
  • Steinmetz High School, N. Mobile St. Chicago 1925
  • Calumet High School. E. May Street, Chicago. 1925

Although influenced by Wright, Sullivan's work diverged from Wright's in certain important ways. For example, whereas horizontals predominate in Wright's creations, Sullivan used strong verticals to create tension in his designs.

Sullivan moved to the Wright home at Taliesin West in Scottsdale, Arizona, at Wright's invitation, and died there on April 4, 1929.


Works Designed by Sullivan
The house in the Sandy Hill, neighbourhood of Ottawa that Sullivan designed for himself in 1913.
The Pembroke Public Library.
Horticulture building at Lansdowne Park, Ottawa.
Patrick J. Powers Residence at James and Bay in Ottawa Ontario
Bridge over Patterson Creek on O'Connor Street, Ottawa.
Edward J Conners Residence at 166 Huron St. Ottawa Ontario
Ste. Claire de Goudbourne Church, Dwyer Hill Ontario

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Heritage architecture combines with modern detailing in School House Lofts", The Ottawa Citizen, at
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ The Prairie School, Harold Allen Brooks*

5.*Birkans, Martin (1975). The Life and Work of Francis C. Sullivan, Architect, 1882-1929:. Canada: Unpublished Masters degree from the University of Toronto. 


External links[edit]