Francis Cook, 1st Viscount of Monserrate
Sir Francis Cook
23 January 1817
|Died||17 February 1901 (aged 84)|
|Resting place||West Norwood Cemetery, West Norwood, England|
|Title||1st Viscount of Monserrate|
1st Cook Baronet
Emily Martha Lucas
(m. 1841; her death 1884)
Tennessee Celeste Claflin
(m. 1885; his death 1901)
|Children||Sir Frederick Cook, 2nd Baronet|
Mary Ann Lainson
Sir Francis Cook, 1st Baronet, 1st Viscount (23 January 1817 – 17 February 1901) was a British merchant and art collector.
In 1833, he entered his father's firm Cook, Son & Co. based in the City of London, which traded finished wool, cotton, linen and silk, after travels in Europe and the Near East. From 1869, he was its head, rising to be one of Britain's three richest men.
In 1849, he bought Doughty House in Richmond and in 1855 the quinta of Monserrate in Sintra, Portugal. There, he restored Monserrate Palace, a Moorish-style palace, and became visconde de Monserrate (Viscount of Monserrate).
He began to collect classical sculpture in the late 1850s. He collected his first major paintings in 1868, at which date Sir John Charles Robinson (1824–1913), former Victoria and Albert Museum curator, became his advisor. He had 510 major works by 1876 and in 1885 added a Long Gallery to Doughty House to accommodate the growing collection, making this gallery open to scholars. His collection was left, in trust, to his eldest son and his heirs.
In 2017 a painting attributed to Leonardo da Vinci entitled Salvator Mundi was sold for $450 million by the auction house Christie's to Saudi Prince Badr bin Abdullah bin Mohammed Al Farhan. This painting, owned by the Cook family for hundreds of years, was sold in June 1958 by Sotheby's for only £45 since the family was of the belief that the artist was Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio, a contemporary and studio mate of da Vinci.
On 1 August 1841, he married to Emily Martha Lucas, the daughter of Robert Lucas. Together, they were the parents of:
- Frederick Cook (1844–1920), who married Mary Anne Elizabeth Cotton (d. 1913), daughter of Richard Payne Cotton.
- Emily Jane Cook (1849–1915), who married Maj.Gen. Sir Euston Henry Sartorius (1844–1925), the son of Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Rose Sartorius, in 1874.
- Wyndam Francis Cook (1860–1905), who married Frederica Evelyn Stillwell Freeland (d. 1925) in 1887.
Emily died on 12 August 1884. On 1 October 1885, he married for the second time to the American feminist stockbroker, and former clairvoyant, Tennessee Celeste Claflin (1844–1923). She was the daughter of Reuben-Buckman Claflin and had set up her own firm with help from Cornelius Vanderbilt. Her sister, Victoria Woodhull, was the first woman to run for the American presidency.
Works collected by him
- Three Marys at the Sepulchre, by Hubert van Eyck (Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, Rotterdam)
- Old Woman Cooking Eggs, by Diego Velázquez (National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh)
- Christ at the Column, by Antonello da Messina (Musée du Louvre, Paris)
- Portrait of a lady, by François Clouet (National Gallery of Art, Washington DC)
- Woman at her toilet, by Metsu (Norton Simon Foundation, Pasadena, CA).
- "Francis Cook | Cook, Sir Francis, first baronet (1817–1901), merchant and art collector". www.oxforddnb.com. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1899). Armorial Families: A Directory of Some Gentlemen of Coat-armour, Showing which Arms in Use at the Moment are Borne by Legal Authority. T.C. & E.C. Jack. p. 195. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- Cumming, Robert (2015). My Dear BB: The Letters of Bernard Berenson and Kenneth Clark, 1925–1959. Yale University Press. p. 522. ISBN 9780300216066. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- "No. 25564". The London Gazette. 2 March 1886. pp. 1027–1028.
- "Christ Carrying the Cross". www.nga.gov. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- Luckhurst, Gerald (12 August 2009). "Jardim Formoso: THE COOK COLLECTION, ITS FOUNDER AND ITS INHERITORS". Jardim Formoso. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- "Sir Francis Cook's Will". The New York Times. 14 March 1901. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- Local resident’s family owned $450m. Da Vinci Retrieved 01-01-2018
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 880. Cited by http://thepeerage.com/p25102.htm#i251016
- "Lady Cook Dies in London at 77. Former Tennie C. Claflin Was Spiritualist and Suffragist Here 50 Years Ago". New York Times. January 20, 1923. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
- Havelin, Kate (2006-06-27). Victoria Woodhull: Fearless Feminist. Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 9780822559863.
- "SIR FRANCIS COOK DEAD". The New York Times. 18 February 1901. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- "Sir Francis Cook Left £1,600,000". The New York Times. 13 March 1901. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- A catalogue of the paintings at Doughty House, Richmond, & elsewhere in the collection of Sir Frederick Cook, bt., Visconde de Monserrate, catalogue of his collection published posthumously in 1913
- Quinta of Monserrate
- 24 works owned by Cook in the National Gallery of Art, Washington
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
(of Doughty House)
1886 – 1901