Francis Davis Millet
|Francis Davis Millet|
Francis Millet, portrait by George Du Maurier, 1889.
November 3, 1848|
Mattapoisett, Massachusetts US
April 15, 1912 (aged 63)|
RMS Titanic, Atlantic Ocean
Francis Davis Millet was born in Mattapoisett, Massachusetts. Most sources give his date of birth as November 3, 1846, but a diary which he kept during his military service stated that November 3, 1864 was his 16th birthday, indicating birth in 1848. At age fifteen, Millet entered the Massachusetts regiment, first as a drummer boy and then a surgical assistant (helping his father, a surgeon) in the American Civil War.
He repeatedly pointed to his experience working for his father as giving him an appreciation for the vivid blood red that he frequently used in his early paintings. He graduated from Harvard with a Master of Arts degree. He worked as a reporter and editor for the Boston Courier and then as a correspondent for the Advertiser at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition.
In 1876, Millet returned to Boston to paint murals at Trinity Church in Boston with John LaFarge. He entered the Royal Academy of Fine Arts at Antwerp, Belgium. He was the first student to win a silver medal in his first year; the following year he won a gold medal. In the Russo‐Turkish war of 1877–78, he was engaged as a war correspondent by the New York Herald, the London Daily News, and the London Graphic. He was decorated by Russia and Romania for his bravery under fire and his services to the wounded.
Millet became a member of the Society of American Artists in 1880, and in 1885 was elected as a member of the National Academy of Design, New York and as Vice-Chairman of the Fine Arts Committee. He was made a trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and sat on the advisory committee of the National Gallery of Art. He was decorations director for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, with claims he invented the first form of compressed air spraypainting to apply whitewash to the buildings, but the story may be apocryphal as contemporary journals note spraypainting had already been in use since the early 1880s. His career included work on a number of worlds' fairs, including Vienna, Chicago, Paris, and Tokyo, where he made contributions as a juror, administrator, mural painter/decorator, and adviser.
Millet was among the founders of the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and was influential in the early days of the American Federation of Arts. He was instrumental in obtaining the appointment of Emil Otto Grundmann, an old acquaintance from his Antwerp days, as first head of the school. Millet was involved with the American Academy in Rome from its inception and served as secretary from 1904 to 1911. He was a founding member and vice chairman of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, serving from 1910 until his death in 1912. He died aboard the Titanic while traveling to New York City on Academy business.
As well as an artist, Millet was a writer and journalist. He translated Tolstoy and also wrote essays and short stories. Among his publications are Capillary Crime and Other Stories (1892), The Danube From the Black Forest to the Black Sea (1892) and Expedition to the Philippines (1899). He was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and was an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects.
A noted sculptor and designer, Millet designed the 1907 Civil War Medal at the request of the U.S. Army and United States War Department. He executed the ceiling of the Call Room of the US Custom House at Baltimore, Maryland.
Millet had a studio in Rome in the early 1870s and Venice in the mid-1870s, where he lived with Charles Warren Stoddard, a well-known American travel journalist who, evidence indicates, had an active sexual interest in men. Historian Jonathan Ned Katz presents letters from Millet to Stoddard that suggest they had a romantic and intimate affair while living a bohemian life together.
Millet was close friends with Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Mark Twain, both of whom attended his 1879 wedding to Elizabeth ("Lily") Greely Merrill in Paris, France; Twain was Millet's best man. The couple had three children: Kate, Laurence, and John.
On April 10, 1912, Millet boarded the RMS Titanic at Cherbourg, France, bound for New York City. He was last seen helping women and children into lifeboats. His body was recovered after the sinking by the cable boat Mackay-Bennett and returned to East Bridgewater, Massachusetts, where he was buried in Central Cemetery.
A bronze bust in Harvard University's Widener Library also memorializes Millet.
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- Millet, F. D. (1892). The Danube: From the Black Forest to the Black Sea. New York: Harper & Brothers. Retrieved July 26, 2018 – via Internet Archive.
- Millet, F. D. (1899). Expedition to the Philippines. New York: Harper & Brothers. Retrieved July 26, 2018 – via Internet Archive.
- "Maryland Historical Trust". US Custom House, Baltimore City. Maryland Historical Trust. November 21, 2008.
- Katz, Jonathan Ned (2001), Love Stories: Sex Between Men Before Homosexuality, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
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- The McKeesport Daily News 6-29-2015
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- Mechlin, Leila (December 1909). "A Decorator of Public Buildings: The Work of Francis D. Millet". The World's Work: A History of Our Time. XIX: 12378–86. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Francis Davis Millet.|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Francis Davis Millet.|
- Engstrom, Peter A, Francis Davis Millet – A Titanic Life (biography), archived from the original on May 21, 2013.
- "Francis Davis Millet", Artcyclopedia.
- Works by Francis Davis Millet at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Francis Davis Millet at Internet Archive
- "Francis Davis Millet", Encyclopedia Titanica.
- "Francis Davis Millet and Millet Family Papers Online", Archives of American Art, Smithsonian.
- "Francis Davis Millet". Find a Grave. Retrieved 14 April 2009.
- 1 painting by or after Francis Davis Millet at the Art UK site