Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Westmorland
KB
Francis Fane, first Earl of Westmorland, in coronation robes, 2 February 1625 or 26, (24 x 27 inches).jpg
Francis Fane, first Earl of Westmorland, in coronation robes
Member of Parliament for Kent
In office
1601–1601
Serving with Sir Henry Nevill
Monarch Elizabeth I
Preceded by Sir Robert Sidney
Percival Hart
Succeeded by Sir John Scott
John Leveson
Member of Parliament for Maidstone
In office
1604–1611
Serving with Laurence Washington
Monarch James I
Preceded by Sir Thomas Fludd
Succeeded by Himself
Sir John Scott
In office
1614–1614
Serving with Sir John Scott
Monarch James I
Preceded by Himself
Sir Thomas Fludd
Succeeded by Himself
Sir Francis Barnham
In office
1621–1622
Serving with Sir Francis Barnham
Monarch James I
Preceded by Himself
Sir John Scott
Succeeded by Sir George Fane
Thomas Stanley
Member of Parliament for Peterborough
In office
1624–1624
Serving with Laurence Whitaker
Monarch James I
Preceded by Mildmay Fane
Walter Fitzwilliam
Succeeded by Sir Christopher Hatton
Laurence Whitaker
Personal details
Born Francis Fane
(1579-02-00)February 1579
Died 23 March 1628(1628-03-23) (aged 49)
Resting place Apethorpe Hall, Apethorpe, Northamptonshire, England
52°32′50″N 0°29′32″E / 52.5472°N 0.4922°E / 52.5472; 0.4922Coordinates: 52°32′50″N 0°29′32″E / 52.5472°N 0.4922°E / 52.5472; 0.4922
Nationality English
Spouse(s) Mary Mildmay (1599-1628)
Children Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland
Sir Francis Fane
George Fane
Rachel Fane
more
Parents Sir Thomas Fane
Mary Neville, 3rd Baroness le Despencer
Residence Apethorpe Hall, Apethorpe, Northamptonshire, England
[1][2][3][4]

Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland KB (1 February 1580 – 23 March 1629), styled Sir Francis Fane between 1603 and 1624[5] was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1601 and 1624 and then was raised to the Peerage as Earl of Westmorland.

Francis Fane, first Earl of Westmoreland [sic], attributed to Zuccaro.

Origins[edit]

Arms of Fane, Earls of Westmorland: Azure, three dexter gauntlets back affrontée or[6]

Francis Fane was the eldest surviving son and heir of Sir Thomas Fane (d.1589) of Badsell in Kent, by his second wife Mary Neville (c. 1554-1626), sole daughter and heiress of Henry Nevill, 6th Baron Bergavenny (d.1587) (de jure 4th Baron Bergavenny) by his wife Lady Frances Manners.[7] Fane was the senior representative of the Fane family of Mereworth, near Maidstone, Kent, and then of Apethorpe in Northamptonshire. His younger brother was George Fane of Burston.

Career[edit]

Fane was educated at Maidstone Grammar School and in about 1595 matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge.[8] He was admitted to Lincoln's Inn on 19 November 1597.

In 1601, with the support of Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, Fane was returned as a Member of Parliament for Kent. He was created a Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King James I on 25 July 1603.[9] After Cobham's disgrace Fane was elected MP for Maidstone in 1604. He was re-elected MP for Maidstone in 1614 and in 1621. In 1624 he was elected MP for Peterborough.[7] On 29 December 1624, he was created Baron Burghersh in the County of Sussex, and Earl of Westmorland (1008th on the roll). On his mother's death on 28 June 1626 he succeeded her as 4th Baron le Despenser, and as de jure 8th and 6th Baron Bergavenny.

Marriage & progeny[edit]

Fane's wife, Mary Mildmay, Countess of Westmorland.

On 15 February 1598/99 Fane married Mary Mildmay (d. 9 April 1640), daughter and eventual sole heiress of Sir Anthony Mildmay (d. 1617), of Apethorpe Hall, Northamptonshire, British Ambassador to France, by his wife Grace Sherington (1552–1620) daughter and co-heir of Sir Henry Sherington (alias Sharington) (c. 1518-1581) of Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire.[10][11] Westmorland had by Mary Mildmay seven sons (six of whom survived him) and six daughters:[12]

Sons[edit]

  1. Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland (24 January 1602 – 12 February 1666), a poet and Member of Parliament.
  2. Thomas Fane, died in infancy
  3. Sir Francis Fane (c. 1611–1681?) of Fulbeck, third but second surviving son. He was a Royalist governor of Doncaster, and afterwards of Lincoln Castle. He was the great-grandfather of Thomas Fane, 8th Earl of Westmorland.
  4. Anthony Fane (1613–1643), a colonel in the Parliamentary army, who suffered a shot wound to the cheek at the siege of Farnham Castle on 9 December 1642 and died at his home in Kingston upon Thames early the following year.[13]
  5. Col. George Fane (c. 1616 – April 1663), fifth but fourth surviving son. A Royalist officer and later Member of Parliament.
  6. William Fane
  7. Robert Fane

Daughters[edit]

Death & burial[edit]

Westmorland was buried at Apethorpe on 17 April 1629. A monumental inscription survives in Mereworth Church near Badsell. He was survived by his wife Mary Mildmay, who died at Stevenage and was buried at Apethorpe, and many children.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, Vol. III (107th ed.). Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. p. 4134. 
  2. ^ Cokayne 2000, Vol. II, p. 34
  3. ^ Cokayne 2000, Vol. V, p. 635
  4. ^ Cokayne 2000, Vol. II, p. 19
  5. ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, Vol. III (107th ed.). Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. p. 4134. 
  6. ^ Blazon per Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.1148
  7. ^ a b History of Parliament Online - Francis Fane
  8. ^ "Fane, Francis (FN595F)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  9. ^  "Fane, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  10. ^ Apethorpe was sold by the 13th Earl of Westmorland to Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey in 1904.
  11. ^ Grace Mildmay's sister Olive (d. 1646) who inherited Lacock abbey, married a Talbot, from which eight generations later sprang the pioneer photographer William Fox Talbot (d. 1877)).
  12. ^ Collins 1812, pp. 294,295
  13. ^ Brayley, Edward Wedlake (1844). The History of Surrey. 3, Part 1. R.B. Ede. p. 34. 

Literature[edit]

Fane shield in stained glass, Fulbeck's church.
  • Cokayne, George Edward; Gibbs, Vicary; Doubleday, Herbert Arthur; White, Geoffrey Henllan; Walden, Lord Howard de, Thomas Scott-Ellis (2000) [1910]. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed. Gloucester: Alan Sutton Publishing. 
  • Collins, Arthur; Brydges, Egerton (1812). Collins's Peerage of England; Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical. 3. London: F. C. and J. Rivington, Otridge and son. 
  • Salis, de, R. W. (2003). Quadrennial di Fano Saliceorum. London. 
  • Mercer, Malcolm. "Fane, Sir Thomas (d. 1589)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 December 2006. 
  • Gunnis, Rupert (1957). Eridge Castle and the Family of Nevill. Stanford Print. 
  • Hasler, P. W., ed. (1981). The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603 (Hardcover). HMSO. ISBN 978-0118875011. 


Some Ancestors[edit]

Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland's ancestors in three generations
Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland Father:
Sir Thomas Fane
Paternal Grandfather:
George Fane, Esq.
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Richard Fane, Esq.
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Agnes Stidolph
Paternal Grandmother:
Joan Waller
Paternal Great-grandfather:
William Waller of Groombridge
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Anne Fallemar or Elizabeth Hendley (?).
Mother:
Mary Nevill, Baroness le Despencer
Maternal Grandfather:
Henry Nevill, 6th Baron Bergavenny
Maternal Great-grandfather:
George Nevill, 5th Baron Bergavenny
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Mary Stafford
Maternal Grandmother:
Frances Anne Manners
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Eleanor Paston
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Robert Sidney
Percival Hart
Member of Parliament for Kent
1601
With: Sir Henry Nevill
Succeeded by
Sir John Scott
Sir John Leveson
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Fludd
Sir John Leveson
Member of Parliament for Maidstone
1604-1622
With: Lawrence Washington 1604-1611
Sir John Scott 1614
Sir Francis Barnham 1621-1622
Succeeded by
Sir George Fane
Thomas Stanley
Preceded by
Mildmay Fane
Walter FitzWilliam
Member of Parliament for Peterborough
1624
With: Laurence Whitaker
Succeeded by
Laurence Whitaker
Sir Christopher Hatton
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Westmorland,
Baron Burghersh

1624–1629
Succeeded by
Mildmay Fane
Preceded by
Mary Fane
Baron le Despencer
1626–1629