Francis H. Griswold
|Francis H. Griswold|
November 5, 1904|
|Died||April 11, 1989
Laguna Hills, California
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1928–1964|
|Commands held|| Third Air Force
National War College
Vice CINC, SAC
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Legion of Merit (2)
Francis Hopkinson Griswold (November 5, 1904 – April 11, 1989) was an American Air Force lieutenant general who was commandant of the National War College in Washington, D.C. and vice commander in chief, Strategic Air Command.
Griswold was born in Erie, Pennsylvania, in 1904. He attended Columbia University in New York City and Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, before entering military service as an aviation cadet in September 1928. He completed flying training at Kelly Field, Texas, in October 1929.
He spent the next several years as a pilot performing normal squadron duties with various air units in Michigan, Illinois, Hawaii, California and Virginia. Shortly after the U.S. entered World War II, he was named as chief of the Training Section, Headquarters Army Air Forces, Washington, D.C.
He was transferred in July 1943 to the Eighth Air Force in England where he served successively as chief of staff of the 8th Fighter Command, the 2nd Bomb Division, and the Eighth Air Force. He went to the Pacific in July 1945 as commanding general of the 301st Fighter Wing on Okinawa, and the following October returned to the United States.
From December 1945 until July 1946 he was deputy assistant chief of the Air Staff for operations, Headquarters Army Air Forces. He then assumed command of the 20th Air Force on Guam until September 1948 when he returned to Headquarters U.S. Air force as assistant deputy chief of staff for materiel.
He was named Air Force staff member of the Munitions Board in December 1950, and in May 1952 was reassigned to the United Kingdom to command the U.S. Third Air Force.
He became vice commander in chief of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) in April 1954, where he remained until July 1, 1961, when he was named commandant, the National War College, Washington, D.C.. He retired August 1, 1964.
Lieutenant General Griswold died of heart failure at Saddleback Community Hospital in Laguna Hills, California. He was 84 years old.
Awards and decorations
|USAF Command Pilot wings|
|Army Distinguished Service Medal (w/oak leaf cluster)|
|Legion of Merit (w/oak leaf cluster)|
|American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with four campaign stars|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal|
|World War II Victory Medal|
|National Defense Service Medal with service star|
|Chevalier of the Legion of Honour|
|French Croix de guerre with Palm|
|Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire|
|Order of Polonia Restituta|
- "Francis Griswold, 84, An Air Force General - New York Times". Nytimes.com. 1989-04-15. Retrieved 2012-02-27.