Francis Hagerup

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Georg Francis Hagerup

George Francis Hagerup (22 January 1853 in Horten, Norway – 8 February 1921 in Kristiania) was a Norwegian law professor, diplomat and politician for the Conservative Party. He was Prime Minister of Norway from 14 October 1895 to 17 February 1898 and from 22 October 1903 to 11 March 1905. As a legal scholar, he is known for his contributions to the development of public international law, and was chairman of the Institut de Droit International.

Francis Hagerup grew up in Trondheim. He was a son of admiral and cabinet minister Henrik Steffens Hagerup (1806–1859) and Nicoline Christine Jenssen (1808–1862). He graduated with the cand.jur. degree at the Royal Frederick University in 1876, received a grant to study abroad, and became a research fellow at the Royal Frederick University in 1879. He obtained the dr.juris degree in 1885, and was professor of law at the Royal Frederick University from 1887 to 1906. He was minister of justice in the Second cabinet Stang from 2 May 1893 to 14 October 1895. In August 1895 he was Finance minister. He was a member of the Storting from 1901 to 1906.

In social policy, Hagerup's time as Prime Minister saw the passage of a child care law in 1896 that increased the power of local authorities and courts over neglected and abused children.Foundations of the Welfare State: 2nd Edition by Pat Thane, published 1996 Following his two bouts as Prime Minister, he entered the diplomacy in 1906, as ambassador to Copenhagen, The Hague, and Brussels. From 1916 he was ambassador in Stockholm.

Hagerup was passionately involved in the development of public international law. From 1897 he was member of the Institut de Droit International, of which he became the chairman in 1912. In 1907 he headed the Norwegian delegation at the second peace conference in The Hague. He was also delegate at international conferences regarding admiralty law. In 1920 he led the Norwegian delegation when the League of Nations convened for the first time in Geneva. The same year he was elected to the Law committee under the League council. In 1888, he founded Tidsskrift for Retsvidenskab (Journal of Jurisprudence), and served as its editor until his death.

Hagerup was also member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee from 1 January 1907 until his death.


  • George Francis Hagerup biography at (taken from Norsk Biografisk Leksikon - Norwegian Biographical Encyclopedia)
  • Foundations of the Welfare State: 2nd Edition by Pat Thane, published 1996
Political offices
Preceded by
Emil Stang
Prime Minister of Norway
Succeeded by
Johannes Steen
Preceded by
Otto Albert Blehr
Prime Minister of Norway
Succeeded by
Christian Michelsen