Francis Hong Yong-ho

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Servant of God
Francis Hong Yong-ho
Bishop of Pyongyang
Francis Hong Yong-ho.jpg
Native name 홍용호 프란치스코 (Korean)
Church Roman Catholic Church
Province Seoul
Diocese Pyongyang
In office 1962–2013
Orders
Ordination 25 May 1933
Consecration 29 June 1944
by Bonifatius Sauer, O.S.B.
Personal details
Born 12 October 1906
Pyongyang, Korean Empire
Died actual date is unknown, but his death was acknowledged in June 2013
Denomination Roman Catholic
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Motto Surgite eamus

Francis Hong Yong-ho (Hangul홍용호 프란치스코; Hanja洪龍浩; born 12 October 1906 – death unknown, but acknowledged in June 2013) was a Roman Catholic prelate who was imprisoned by the communist regime of Kim Il-sung in 1949 and later disappeared. After his disappearance, he was for many years listed as the Bishop of Pyongyang, North Korea.

Biography[edit]

Born in Pyongyang on 12 October 1906, Francis Hong Yong-ho was ordained to the priesthood on 25 May 1933.[1][2] Eleven years later, he was appointed the Vicar Apostolic of Heijō and Titular Bishop of Auzia by Pope Pius XII on 24 March 1944.[1][2] His episcopal ordination took place on 29 June 1944, the principal consecrator being Bishop Bonifatius Sauer, O.S.B., with Bishops Irenaeus Hayasaka and Paul Roh Ki-nam as co-consecrators.[1][2]

He was imprisoned by the communist regime of Kim Il-sung in 1949 and later disappeared.[3][4][5] According to Cardinal Nicolas Cheong Jin-suk, speaking in 2006:

There’s no knowledge of priests surviving persecution that came in the late 1940s, when 166 priests and religious were killed or kidnapped. The Pontifical Yearbook continues to describe as "missing" the man who was the bishop of Pyong-yang at the time, Monsignor Francis Hong Yong-ho, who today would be a hundred years old. It's a gesture by the Holy See to point to the tragedy that the Church in Korea has suffered and is still going through.[6]

The Vicariate Apostolic of Heijō changed its name to Pyongyang on 12 July 1950, which was elevated to the status of the Diocese of Pyongyang by Pope John XXIII on 10 March 1962, with Francis Hong Yong-ho named as the first bishop of the new diocese.[7]

After being listed as the ordinary of Pyongyang by the Pontifical Yearbook for decades, with the specification that he was to be considered "missing",[8] Hong Yong-ho's death was finally acknowledged by the Holy See in June 2013, although the actual date and place of death is unknown.[9] This decision is connected to the fact that the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Korea have asked the Congregation for the Causes of Saints for the nihil obstat to open the cause of beatification of Bishop Hong.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bishop Francis Hong Yong-ho". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Diocese of Pyong-yang 평양, North Korea". GCatholic.org. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  3. ^ Joseph Yun Li-sun (16 February 2007). "Pope writes letter to North Korean Catholics". AsiaNews.it. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  4. ^ Sandro Magister (26 January 2007). "Mission Asia: The Laboratory is South Korea". Chiesa. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  5. ^ John L Allen Jr (19 October 2006). "Catholicism in North Korea survives in catacombs". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 27 October 2007. 
  6. ^ Interview with Cardinal Nicholas Cheong Jinsuk by Gianni Cardinale (March 2006). "Korea, for a reconciliation between North and South". 30Days. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Diocese of P'yong-yang". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Vatican Diary / The first saint of North Korea". chiesa.espresso.repubblica.it. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "Cappella Papale Santa Messa In Suffragio Dei Cardinali E Vescovi Defunti Nel Corso Dell'Anno Celebrata Dal Santo Padre Francesco" (PDF). vatican.va (in Italian). 4 November 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
William F. O'Shea
Vicar Apostolic of Heijo
1944–1950
Title renamed
New title Vicar Apostolic of Pyongyang
1950–1962
Title elevated
New title Bishop of Pyongyang
1962–2013
Sede vacante