Francis Kirimi Muthaura
|Former Cabinet Secretary and head of Civil Service|
Feb 2003 – Feb 2012
|1st Secretary General of the East African Community1|
July 2000 – 2001
|Succeeded by||Amanya Mushega|
20 October 1946 |
|Alma mater||University of Nairobi|
Francis Kirimi Muthaura (born 20 October 1946 in Meru, Kenya) is a former Kenyan civil servant and close ally of former President Mwai Kibaki. He is the former Head of Civil Service and Secretary to the Cabinet.
From 14 March 1996 to 24 April 2001 he was the Secretary General of the East African Community. Previously, he held several ambassadorial positions under the rule of former president Daniel arap Moi.
Civil Service career
Muthaura has had a long career in the Civil Service. Straight after leaving the University of Nairobi in 1972, he was appointed the District Commissioner of Mombasa District, a position he held until 1973. He was then appointed an Assistant Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
He attended Nkubu Secondary School from 1966. In 1968, he joined Nyeri High School. He attended the University of Nairobi from 1969 to 1972 where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree in Economics and Political Science. He also has a Diploma in International Relations, also from the University of Nairobi. He was later appointed Secretary to the cabinet in 2005.
In March 2008, following an agreement between the government and opposition to establish a coalition government to end a political crisis, Muthaura stirred controversy by saying that Kibaki would remain both head of state and head of government. This interpretation of the agreement would mean less power than the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) had anticipated for its leader, Raila Odinga, who is expected to become Prime Minister under the deal; the ODM angrily rejected Muthaura's interpretation.
Francis has been named as an instigator of Post-election violence in 2007 – 2008 and was named among six suspects to be prosecuted by the International Criminal Court. He is accused of leading secret meetings in Kibaki's office, where revenge attacks against supporters of Kibaki's opposition were planned. The ICC prosecutor claims he authorised the use of excessive force against protesters by the police. He was taped by two people posing as students, who claimed he had admitted involvement in post-election violence. On 11 March 2013, the charges against Muthaura were dropped by the ICC following the discrediting of a key witness.
|Secretary General of the East African Community
March 1996 – March 2001
- Francis Muthaura Was EAC Secretary General From 1996 to 2001
- Daily Nation, 13 April 2003: The Influential Young Turks Of The 60s at the Wayback Machine (archived January 9, 2004)
- "Protests at Muthaura’s power deal talk", Daily Nation, 12 March 2008.
- Kenya violence ‘instigators’ named IOL
- The six men accused of inciting Kenya's post-election violence CS Monitor
- Muthaura distances self over taped conversation on post-election chaos Standard
- AFP (11 March 2013). "ICC drops charges against Muthaura". Daily Nation. Retrieved 2013-03-11.