Francis Napier, 8th Lord Napier

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Francis Scott Napier, 8th Lord Napier (23 February 1758 – 1 August 1823) was a British peer and army officer.

Napier was born in Ipswich in 1758, the son of Hon. William Napier (later 7th Lord Napier) and his wife, the Hon. Mary, a daughter of Charles Cathcart, 8th Lord Cathcart.

Inheriting his father's title on 2 January 1775, Napier was earlier commissioned into the 31st Foot in 1774 and was promoted to a lieutenant in 1776. After serving with General Burgoyne in Canada, he fought in the American Revolutionary War with the Convention Army under Burgoyne at the time of their defeat and surrender at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777. After release from captivity at Cambridge, Massachusetts, he purchased a Captain's commission in the 35th Foot in 1779 and transferred to the 4th Foot in 1784, becoming a Major soon afterwards.

On 13 April 1784, Napier married Maria Margaret Clavering (c.1756–1821), the daughter of Lt.-Gen. Sir John Clavering, at St George's, Hanover Square. They had five daughters and four sons, including Hon. William John (1786–1834), later 9th Lord Napier.

From 1788 to 1790, Napier was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland and laid the foundation stone of the new buildings of Edinburgh University in 1789, for which he was awarded a LLD.

In 1796, 1802 and 1807, he was chosen as a Representative peer and was Lord Lieutenant of Selkirkshire from 1797 until his death in 1823. From 1802 until his death, Napier was, with Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville's help, annually nominated as Lord High Commissioner.

Napier died at his home, Dacre Lodge in Enfield in 1823 and his title passed to his eldest son, William.

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Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Leven
Lord High Commissioner
1802–1816
Succeeded by
The Earl of Erroll
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Earl of Dalkeith
Lord Lieutenant of Selkirkshire
1797–1823
Succeeded by
The Lord Montagu of Boughton
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Lord Elcho
Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland

1788–1790
Succeeded by
The Earl of Morton
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
William Napier, 7th Lord Napier
Lord Napier
1775–1823
Succeeded by
William Napier, 9th Lord Napier