Francis Needham, 4th Earl of Kilmorey
The Earl of Kilmorey
Francis Charles Adelbert Henry Needham
26 November 1883
Brentford, Middlesex, England
|Died||11 January 1961 (aged 77)|
Mourne Park, County Down, Northern Ireland
|Spouse||Lady Norah Frances Hastings|
|Parent(s)||Francis Needham, 3rd Earl of Kilmorey |
Ellen Constance Baldock
|Alma mater||Royal Military Academy Sandhurst|
|Branch/service|| British Army |
|Years of service||1901–1946|
|Unit||King's Shropshire Light Infantry |
1st Life Guards
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
|Battles/wars||First World War|
Captain Francis Charles Adelbert Henry Needham, 4th Earl of Kilmorey PC (NI) OBE ADC DL (26 November 1883 – 11 January 1961), styled Viscount Newry until 1915, was a Royal Navy officer and Anglo-Irish peer.
In 1916 he was appointed as an Irish representative peer, to sit in the House of Lords for life representing Ireland. No more such peers were appointed after the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, and when Kilmorey died in 1961 he was the last such surviving peer.
Kilmorey was the eldest son of Francis Needham, 3rd Earl of Kilmorey, and Ellen Constance Baldock. He was educated at Eton College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He was from a prominent Ulster family with roots in Cheshire.
He was commissioned into the 3rd (Militia) Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry in 1901, and in March 1902 transferred to the 1st Life Guards as a Second Lieutenant. He was promoted Lieutenant again in 1904 and Captain in 1907. He resigned his commission in 1911. He returned to the Army during the First World War, reaching the rank of Major. In 1930 he was appointed Captain in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in which rank from 1930 to his retirement in 1946 he was commanding officer of the Ulster Division of the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve based in HMS Caroline in Belfast Harbour (now a museum). He was appointed an Officer of the Military Division of the Order of the British Empire in the 1936 Birthday Honours.
He also served as High Sheriff of County Down in 1913, as Lord Lieutenant of County Down from 1949 to 1959 and as Vice-Admiral of Ulster from 1937 to 1961. From 1916 until his death, Kilmorey sat in the House of Lords as an Irish Representative Peer, becoming the last surviving Irish representative Peer. In 1936 he was admitted to the Privy Council of Northern Ireland.
Lord Kilmorey married Lady Norah Frances Hastings, daughter of Warner Francis John Plantagenet Hastings, 15th Earl of Huntingdon, in 1920. They had two daughters. He died in January 1961, aged 77, at the family seat of Mourne Park. He was succeeded in his titles by his nephew Patrick.
The ancestral Mourne Park Estate, of some 800 acres (3.2 km2), in County Down, Northern Ireland (including the lordships and manors of Newry, Mourne and Greencastle) was not, however, inherited by the 5th Earl who opted to inherit contents to the value of the estate as he lived in England. It is currently owned by the Anley family, descendants of the late Lady Eleanor Needham, elder daughter of the 4th Earl of Kilmorey.
- ^ a b c d e "Obituary: Earl of Kilmorey – Navy Officer and Ulster Peer". The Times. 13 January 1961. p. 15.
- ^ "No. 27416". The London Gazette. 14 March 1902. p. 1812.
- ^ "No. 783". The Belfast Gazette. 26 June 1936. p. 231.
- Alexander Thom and Son Ltd. 1923. p. – via Wikisource. . . Dublin:
- 1883 births
- 1961 deaths
- British Militia officers
- High Sheriffs of Down
- King's Shropshire Light Infantry officers
- British Life Guards officers
- British Army personnel of World War I
- Lord-Lieutenants of Down
- Royal Navy officers
- Officers of the Order of the British Empire
- Members of the Privy Council of Northern Ireland
- Irish representative peers
- People educated at Eton College
- Graduates of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst
- Earls of Kilmorey