Francis Patrick Baker

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For others called Francis or Frank Baker, see Frank Baker (disambiguation).
Frank Baker
Francis Patrick Baker.jpg
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Maranoa
In office
21 September 1940 – 21 August 1943
Preceded by James Hunter
Succeeded by Charles Adermann
Personal details
Born (1873-05-30)30 May 1873
Leyburn, Queensland
Died 2 June 1959(1959-06-02) (aged 86)
Nationality Australian
Political party Australian Labor Party
Children Frank Baker
Occupation Teacher

Francis (Frank) Patrick Baker (30 May 1873 – 2 June 1959) was an Australian politician, serving one term as the representative for seat of Maranoa in the Australian House of Representatives from September 1940 to August 1943.

Early life and career[edit]

Baker was born in Leyburn, Queensland, Australia on 30 May 1873. Educated in private schools in Queensland, Baker became a state school teacher for 10 years[1] before serving as an Inspector for Schools for a further 20 years.[2]

Political career[edit]

In 1940, Baker was elected to represent the seat of Maranoa in the Australian House of Representatives as a member of the Australian Labor Party—only the second time Labor had ever won this normally safe conservative seat in the remote west of Queensland. Baker was narrowly beaten in the 1943 federal election by Charles Adermann of the Australian Country Party. He was the only Labor incumbent to be defeated in an election that saw Labor win its most-ever seats in the House at the time.

In Parliament, Baker called for a moratorium on farm foreclosures during World War II.[3] He also argued for the need to maintain a sufficient workforce in rural employment to ensure the continuity of primary production in support of the war effort.[4] Baker supported the placement of refugee doctors in rural communities, stating that when large numbers of local doctors were enlisting in the armed services, suitably qualified refugees were needed to meet the health care needs in smaller country towns.[5] He was an outspoken supporter of the National Security Act and the Government's right to use whatever financial means necessary to defend Australia during the war.[6]

Baker's son, Francis Matthew John Baker served as a Member of Parliament from 1931 to 1939. Baker's election in 1940 is the only instance where a father has been elected to the Australian federal parliament after his son.[1]

After politics[edit]

After losing his parliamentary seat, Baker became a grazier in Beaudesert, Queensland. He died on 2 June 1959 and was buried in South Brisbane Cemetery.[7]



  1. ^ a b "Adam Carr's Election Archive". Retrieved 27 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "Francis P Baker – Maranoa". The Worker. Brisbane, Qld. 3 September 1940. p. 16. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  3. ^ ""Being butchered" – Grazier's views – Plight of primary producers". The Charleville Times. Brisbane, Qld. 3 October 1941. p. 8. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "On farm or in the forces?". The Charleville Times. Brisbane, Qld. 10 July 1942. p. 5. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Alien doctors "stay a fixed term"". The Charleville Times. Brisbane, Qld. 6 March 1942. p. 6. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Money to defend Australia "should be taken"". The Charleville Times. Brisbane, Qld. 3 July 1942. p. 3. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Baker Francis Patrick — Brisbane City Council Grave Location Search. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
James Hunter
Member for Maranoa
Succeeded by
Charles Adermann